5th Grade Math Vocabulary
Terms in this set (39)
The standard procedure for dividing 2 numbers.
Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring Down
A fraction where the numerator is greater than the denominator
The answer to a multiplication problem
A way to write numbers that shows the value of each digit
347 = 300 + 40 + 7
The place value that is to the right of the ones place.
Strategy to create a simpler number by looking at the place value to the right and deciding whether a numbers stays the same or gets larger by 1.
The value of the place of a digit in a number
The place value to the right of the hundredths place in a decimal number
A number written normally with one digit for each place value
The answer to a division problem
Counting numbers such as 0,1,2,3,4,5,6 etc. These numbers do not have decimal points, fractions, or negative signs.
In a decimal number, this place value is to the right of the tenths place.
The answer to a subtraction problem
The answer to a addition problem
A number close to an exact amount that tells about how much
The number that is going to be divided.
EX. in 24/3=8, 24 is going to be divided
The number that the dividend is being divided by
EX. in 24/3=8, 3 is the number that 24 is being divided by
Area Model of Multiplication
A model that shows each place value product by using rectangles and expanded form
To break down a number into smaller numbers
A number that divides evenly into another number
Used in the order of operations to show grouping. The operations within these are completed first:
(2+3)x4 ----> (2+3) is solved first, then multiplied by 4
Fractions that have the same value
1/2 = 3/6 = 4/8
A number with a whole number AND fraction parts
3 and 2/7
The top number in a fraction.
2/5 ---> 2 is the top number
Order of Operations
The order of performing mathematical operations within a problem:
3. and 4. Multiplication and Division
5. and 6. Add and Subtract
The bottom number of a fraction that tells how many equal parts are in each whole.
3/4 ---> 4 is the bottom number
6x(10+4) = (6x10) + (6x4)
When multiplying by a sum, you can just multiply each number in the parenthesis by the outside number
The little number in the top right corner of another number that tells the number how many times to multiply by
to change from one form or unit to another (centimeters to meters, ounces to pounds)
Determine which number is larger or smaller, notice the similarities in shapes, numbers, or graphs
Determine the differences between numbers, graphs, or shapes
a drawing, plan, or chart that makes something clearer or easier to understand
A math sentence without an equal sign: 4 + 7
A graph that displays data as points above a number line using X or tally marks
Rectangle that helps model fractions and parts of a whole
To reduce a fraction to its lowest terms by dividing by the lowest common factor for both numerator and denominator
to change the unit or form of measurement
Give an explanation about, give meaning to
To tell information or ideas to
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