Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (110)
The use of a non-invasive and painless ultrasound to examine the heart, its chambers and valves is known as?
Wave forms displayed on a screen is called?
The breast bone is referred to as?
The pericardio sac that surrounds the heart wall is?
A tough fibrous outer layer called the visceral pericardium and inner thin transparent lining called the fibrous pericardium.
What are the three layers of the heart wall?
Epicardium (outer), Myocardium (middle), and Endocardium (inner).
The atrioventricular valve between the left atrium and left ventricle is?
The mitral valve
The wall that separates the two superior chambers of the heart is called?
The heart valves that separates the atria from the ventricles are called?
The skeleton of the heart?
separates the atria from the ventricles
The heart receives most of its own blood supply via the
Regulation of the heart rate, speed of electrical conduction, and strength of contraction are influenced by the brain via the?
Central nervous system
The cardiac accelerator center is?
Part of the sympathetic nervous system
The most muscular chamber of the heart that forces blood through the aortic valve is the?
left ventricle (power house)
During depolarization, what happens?
Impulses are generated and transmitted when positively charged ions move inside cells causing the interior to become positively charged.
Blood return to the heart from the lungs via 4 blood vessels are named?
Blood travels to the lungs where carbon dioxide is unloaded and oxygen is loaded. The blood vessels that carry the blood from the heart the lungs are?
During which phase of the cardiac cycle do the coronary arteries fill?
Early systole (contracting)
How much of the blood coming into the ventricles flows passively through the atria?
70% or 80%
With the ECG paper
Five small squares, which make up a larger box, represent 0.20 seconds in duration.
On ECG paper, horizontal measurements are used to determine the?
What is placed on the patients skin to detect the hearts electrical activity?
Duration of each small square running horizontally?
The initiation of the impulse in the SA node and its movement through the atria produces a?
Describe the T-wave
has a peak which is closer to the end then the beginning
What is used as a reference point to identify the changing electrical amplitude?
The isoelectric line (base line)
A calibration mark is?
An electrical current traveling toward a positive electrode produces a waveform that?
To view the limb leads, we place electrodes on the
Right arm (RA), left arm (LA), and left leg (LL)
With lead 2, the positive electrode is positioned on the?
How many electrodes are used as part of a 12 lead ECG?
Which of the following is the first structure that will be seen when imaging from the suprasternal notch?
Which one of the following tests does not permit the calculation of the cardiac ejection fraction?
A chest x-ray
Which of the following is the best method in an irregular rhythm?
6 second intervals x 10 method
Which ECG limb lead does not record any electrical activity from the heart?
Right leg (the ground)
The most accurate way to measure heart rate is?
The 1500 method
What is the following rhythm?
You should count the ___ To get the atrial rate?
When a rhythm speeds up and slow down in a rhythmic fashion, it is referred to as _____ irregularity.
The 3rd step of analyzing an ECG rhythm is to?
determine the heart rate
Th category of antihypertensive medications that will cause vasodilation, blocked alderston secretion, and increase urine output is?
In leads 1, 2, AVF, and V2-V6 the defelction of the p-wave is characteristically?
Identify the following rhythm?
Tall and symmetrically peaked P waves may be seen with
A delay in the movement of the electrical impulse between the right and left atria
A medication that can be used as a local anesthetic as well as a first line antiarrhythmic used to treat acute life threatening ventricular arrhythmia is?
The normal QRS complex has?
a duration of 0.06-0.12 seconds
The Q-wave is?
The first negative deflection following the p-wave
A patient is regularly taken to Jackson for heart failure. The patient is instructed to do what?
Check their pulse on a regular basis
The patient is asymptomatic during an EKG recording and notices a normal sinus rhythm. What do you do?
The point at which QRS complex is called?
In which of the following will the QRS have a higher amplitude?
When there is fluid in the pericardial sac.
In leads I, II, III, AVL, AVF, AVR, V4-V6 the deflection of the QRS is?
The QRS comple appears normal if what?
The impulse originates from the ventricles
Which of the following dysrhythmia arise from the ventricles?
Shorter than normal PR intervals may be seen in?
junctions escape rhythm
produces a characteristically abnormal slurring at the onset of QRS and short PR interval
Choose the patient education process that requires gathering information about the patients present healthcare needs and abilities
Which of the following is used to mark ECG paper?
An over the counter medication that can be very effective as an antiplatelet?
How do medications that are statins work?
They reduce the incidence of heart attack and death in patients with high cholesterol
The term dysrhythmia means
ECG rhythm differs form NSR
Before placing electrodes on the patients chest, arm, and legs, of thee patient has a lot of hair it can interfere and need to be shaved, what will you do prior to shaving the patient?
Ask the permission to shave them
The patient must undress from the waist up and put on a gown, what else is the patient instructed to do prior to an ekg?
Remove any metal items, change, and cellphones from pockets and body.
Characteristics of sinus rhythm include?
a rate of 60-100bpm
The most suitable type of patient education material is written using?
Language at a 6th grade level
EKG should be performed in a quiet environment because?
Interference is minimized
HIPPA contains 4 standards..which standard is to ensure confidentiality of oral, electronic, or written health information?
The privacy rule
If a patient has a limb amputated, where would the electrode be placed?
Take the electrode to the site of amputation.
Premature atrial complexes originate from the?
If a patient is said to be in asystole, the characteristics would be?
Rate of 0 and no pulse
Atrial fibrillation has?
an absence of discernible p waves
The myocardium is the?
middle layer of the heart responsible for pumping action
Which of the following topics would not be brought up in an exam prep?
Where is the chest electrode V2 located?
At the 4th intercostal space at the left margin of the sternum.
P waves resulting from impulses that originate outside the SA node are called?
The contraction phase of the heartbeat is called
Match the prefix anesthesia to the term that match's this definition
When no abnormalities show during a resting ECG, the physician may order an exercise ECG, this is called?
When preparing a patient to wear a haulter monitor, instruct the patient to?
Depress the event marker for significant symtpoms
Identify the the following rhythm
Junctional tahycardia has?
PR intervals less than 0.12 seconds
The space between the ribs is known as?
The intercostal space
What is the compression to breathing ratio for CPR in an adult?
The prefix gast/r means?
Characteristics of premature ventricular complexes include that they?
Have a wide and bazaar QRS complex
What takes place as a result of myocardial infarction?
A major artery becomes blocked
Narcan is used to block or reverse the effects of opioid medications, the treatment is given in what pat of the body?
The muscle of the outer thigh
Which of the following are treated with hydrochlorothiazide?
High BP and fluid retention
An R-on-T PVC?
Occurs on or near the t-wave of the previous beat
The 3 leaflet heart valve located between the right atrium and the ventricle is?
The tricuspid valve
Characteristics of idioventricular rhythm include?
A HR between 20-40bpm
Which of the following PHI can be disclosed by the medical office without the patients permission?
The medical practices treatment, payment, and operation information.
Dr. Smith wants charted in the EMR that Mr. Jones had a non invasive procedure in the office today, which procedure is charted?
Cardiovascular stress test
The blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood to the body is?
The pulmonary vein
What refers to the period in which the mechanical and electrical events of the heart are relaxed and involves repolarizarion?
The most superficial layer of the heart that is made up of simple squamous epithelial tissue over loose areolar connective tissue is called?
Which of the following terms refers to the ventricular ectopic discharge at a rapid regular rate in excess of 100bpm?
Which of the following terms refers to an early impulse beginning in either ventricle?
A premature ventricular contraction (PVC)
Abnormal ventricular wall motion that is reversible with nitroglycerin is?
Who must be present during an exercise electrocardiogram?
What vital sign should not be taken of the patient confronts you with chest pain?
Which of the following terms is associated with the sudden onset of an ectopic atrial focus with the heart beat between 150-200bpm?
What can prevent electrodes from being placed on there usual locations?
Amputations, casts, or wounds
A patient of warfarin therapy is instructed to eat food high in vitamin K consistently or it will affect their therapy. What foods can be recommended with high vitamin K?
Cabbage and asparagus
When educating a patient about factors that increase the risk of atherosclerosis, include which of the following?
High BP and obesity
When monitoring a patient with sinus arrhythmia, a gradual increasing of the heart rate is usually associated with?
excessive caffeine intake
Select the method of preparation for the patient that will ensure a succesful ekg recording?
Making sure the patients arms and legs are not crossed and the arms are resting at each side.
Patients taking nitroglycerin sublingually for angina need to keep there medication stored in a glass with a tight fitting top away from the heat. How can a patient tell if despite their precautions, the nitro lost its strength?
They will not feel the tingling when they place the medication under there tongue.
The PR interval may vary from beat to beat in
Wandering atrial pacemaker
Which of the following actions is helpful in assisting patients with their needs?
Keeping a list of community resources that can further assist the patient.
What position is the patient placed in for the EKG?
How does someone get malignant hyperthermia?
what is an advantage of a PCA pump ?
The nurse is caring for a postoperative client with a hemovac. The hemovac is expanded and contains approximately 25 cc of serosanguineous drainage. The best nursing action would be to:
What are the elements of tetralogy of Fallot?
Other sets by this creator
CVS 207 Exam 2
CVS 207 T Exam 1
echo final exam
CVS106 EXAM 3
Other Quizlet sets
Act 1 Shakespeare- Eng 10
PSY 2210 Exam 3
biomechanics 341 ch 14