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Nutrition Final Exam

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following athletes would benefit from using a sports drink to meet their hydration need?
A marathon runner
You can find fructose naturally in the following foods
Fruits and Vegetables
Peggy Sue's doctor has just informed her that she has type 2 diabetes. Which of the following would be recommended for Peggy Sue?
She should start a low carbohydrate diet immediately
In the body, the major storage sites for glycogen are the
Liver and muscle
Which of the following carbohydrates is the end product of photosynthesis?
Glucose
The four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and
variety
Vitamin K's primary role in the body is:
Blood clotting
Found in liver and skeletal muscle cells, what is the storage form of glucose in animals?
Glycogen
In the human body, proteins are found:
In bones
In blood
In muscle
After a meal, which hormone is responsible for moving glucose into body cells
Insulin
Excess sodium in the diet causes what in some individuals
High blood pressure
Which are pancreatic hormones
Insulin and glucagon
Which of the following is associated with diets high in sugars?
Diabetes
Tooth decay
Hyperactivity
Which of the following is a disease caused by a lack of Vitamin C
scurvy
Water is composed of what elements?
Oxygen and hydrogen
Which organ is primarily responsible for maintaining fluid balance?
Kidneys
Which of the following groups are most vulnerable to dehydration
Infants and the elderly
Which of the following would be the best fluid replacement for events lasting longer than one hour?
Sports drink
In which of the following events would carbohydrate loading be the most beneficial?
marathon
What is the primary reason we sweat?
To regulate body temperature
The B vitamins include
Niacin, thiamin, and B12
Which of the following are characteristics of Vitamin D?
Fat soluble
Helps maintain healthy bones
Is sometimes called the sunshine vitamin
Taking daily megadoses of which of the following nutrients may cause death
Vitamin A
Which organ in the body is most affected by chronic alcohol abuse?
Liver
Which of the following major nutrients has 9 Kcal/gram of energy
lipids
A well planned vegetarian diet can reduce the risk of all the following chronic diseases EXCEPT
anemia
Foods high in sugar promote all of the following EXCEPT
scurvy
When glucose and fructose are bonded together they form
Sucrose
Diets high in trans fatty acids are associated with
Increased blood cholesterol levels
Which of the following is not a fat soluble vitamin
Vitamin B
Which of the following is not a sugar substitute
Brown sugar
Which of the following would be the best fluid replacement for events lasting longer than one hour?
sports drink
In which of the following events would carbohydrate loading be the most beneficial
marathon
What is the primary reason we sweat?
To regulate body temperature
The B vitamins include
Niacin, thiamin, and B12
Which of the following are characteristics of Vitamin D?
Fat soluble
Helps maintain healthy bones
Is sometimes called the sunshine vitamin
Taking daily megadoses of which of the following nutrients may cause death
Vitamin A
Which vitamin can be found in oranges and peppers
Vitamin C
This vitamin is most closely associated with blood clotting
Vitamin K
The B vitamins
Act as coenzymes
Help in blood formation
DNA replication
The six groups of nutrients found in foods are:
Vitamins, fats, minerals, protein, water, carbohydrates
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends which of the following?
Being physically active each day.
Which is a good source of trustworthy information about nutrition?
The American Dietetic Association
A fat soluble vitamin is
Vitamin A
All of the following are groups in My Pyramid EXCEPT:
fiber
All of the following are groups of health professionals who provide reliable and accurate nutritional information EXCEPT:
nutritionist
Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients, what are the other 2?
a and c
Plants make glucose using a process called
Photosynthesis
Carbohydrates contain 3 elements
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
All of the following are monosacchrides EXCEPT:
Sucrose
Sucrose is made up of the following simple sugars
Glucose and Fructose
Animals including humans store glucose as
Glycogen
What is not digested for nutrients in the human body
fiber
Humans store glycogen in the body in
Muscles
Bones
Kernels of grain consist of three parts:
Bran, endosperm, germ
The germ is rich in fats and vitamins, which vitamin might be found in the germ?
vitamin E
If a person is lactose intolerant they cannot digest
milk
Three types of cells can only use glucose as an energy source and they are:
Brain, nerves, and red blood cells
Two hormones regulate blood glucose levels in the blood and they are:
Insulin and glucagon
In hypoglycemia blood glucose levels are
Lower than normal
Too many refined carbohydrates can cause all of the following EXCEPT:
Osteoporosis
What is edema?
A fluid imbalance that results in swelling of the tissues
All of the following can decrease the risk for Type 2 diabetes EXCEPT:
Use honey instead of sugar
Which agency monitors all confirmed cases of food borne illness?
cdc
Which of the following is associated with type 2 diabetes?
Obesity
Which of the following is NOT a nutrient?
alcohol
A diet low in fiber is associated with an increased risk of developing
Diverticulitis
Most nutritionists recommend not eating fast food more than once a month
true
McDonald's calls people who eat a lot of their food "heavy users
true
Only seven items on McDonald's entire menu contain no sugar
true
You would have to walk for seven hours straight to burn off a Super Sized Coke, fry and Big Mac
true
French fries are the most eaten vegetable in America
true
Chemical pesticides can cause cancer
true
Industrial farms are not dangerous for their workers, do not pollute surrounding communities, are safe to our food system and contribute nothing to global warming.
false
High calorie, sugar laden processed foods coupled with our sedentary lifestyles is growing our waistlines and contributing to serious health issues like diabetes, heart ailments and cancers
true
None of our most important staple foods have been fundamentally altered
false
In Food, Inc. we meet Barbara Kowalcyk, whose 2 year old son, Kevin, died from E.coli poisoning after eating a hamburger.
true
Did you know that the average food product travels about 50 miles to get to your grocery store?
false
Sustainable foods can be found in your community by purchasing organic and/or locally grown produce and products.
true
One-tenth of children and adolescents are overweight or obese.
false
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 76 million Americans are sickened, 325,000 are hospitalized and 5,000 die each year from food borne illnesses.
true
Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients, what are the other 2?
fats and proteins