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The BIA sent American Indian children to boarding schools. The children:
a. Were intentionally separated from their culture and communal ties
b. Were forbidden to speak their native languages
c. Were prevented from visiting their families and tribes when school was not in session
d. Were punished or ridiculed for practicing tribal religion and dress
e. All of the above (correct)
Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) of 1934 broke with the federal policies of the past. It rescinded the ___________ and the policy of individualizing tribal lands.
Dawes Act (1887)
Red Power protests included a "fish-in" in 1965 after the state of ____________ had tried to limit the fishing rights of several different tribes.
Since the Indian Removal Act of 1830, American Indians have been concentrated in the ____________.
Rates of intermarriage for American Indians are _____ compared with other groups
In 1972, AIM organized a march on Washington, D.C., called _________________.
the Trail of Broken Treaties
The "Trail of Broken Treaties" was a protest march to:
One way coercive acculturation was "achieved" was by sending American Indian children to boarding schools. Within these schools, tribal languages, dress, and religion were forbidden and American Indian culture was generally discouraged. Which theory or hypothesis would most likely have predicted this?
In 1973, AIM successfully occupied the village of Wounded Knee to protest the violation of treaty rights. During the occupation two _______ were killed
Richard Oaks was a student at _________ and member of the group that occupied _________.
There was a dramatic increase in the number of native Americans from _____.
As a result of the Dawes act ____ million acres of native land was lost.
In _______, a formal program, the Bracero program, was initiated to bring in contract laborers from Mexico.
The 1960s were a time of intense activism and militancy for Mexican Americans. A protest movement guided by an ideology called __________________ began.
he term "Hispanic American":
a. Is widely applied, and since it is based on shared language, is seen as neutral and non-offensive to non-Hispanics
b. Can have negative meanings and controversial connotations
c. Does not acknowledge the roots that some groups have to African and Native American civilizations
d. Is a label that was invented and applied by the dominant group
e. All of the above (correct)
The 1980s legislation that allowed illegal immigrants to legalize their status was the:
Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA)
Martin Luther King and _________ both modeled their nonviolent direct protests after Ghandi.
During the 20th century, immigration from Mexico to the United States . . .
fluctuated according to the demand for unskilled labor in the U.S.
Which of the following permitted immigration from Mexico?
The Bracero Program
The 1980s legislation that allowed illegal immigrants to legalize their status as immigrants was the ________.
. Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA)
According to the text, there is a higher percentage of Cuban Americans than Mexican Americans in the very lowest income category.
Hispanic Americans are partly an ethnic minority group (i.e., identified by cultural characteristics such as language) and partly a racial minority group (identified by their physical appearance).
In 1907 a "gentlemen's agreement" was signed between the U.S. and ____________, limiting the number of laborers that would be allowed to emigrate.
At the beginning of the twentieth century ________ modernized the tradition of arranged marriages in Asia.
The "Mongolian octopus" is a _____________.
political cartoon from 1886 disparaging Chinese immigrants to Australia
The internal "city government" of Chinatowns were the:
By 1910, which of the following Asian groups in the U.S. outnumbered the Chinese?
According to the text, in 1910, between 30 and 40 percent of all Japanese in ______________ were engaged in agriculture.
By 1960, _______________________ had an occupational profile very similar to that of whites except they were actually overrepresented among professionals.
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