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DJD/OA Rad Anat
Terms in this set (17)
What is a disease of joints in which the cartilage undergoes degeneration
DJD ( Degenerative Joint Disease )
List categories of arthropathies
Degenerative, inflammatory, and metabolic
What are tumors and 3 categories
Malignant, transitional, and benign
Neuropathic Arthropathy, neurotrophic arthropathy, Charcot's
"bag of bones",
density, debris, dislocated, disorganized, destruction, diffuse
What is the nature of DJD
deterioration of articular cartilage (loss of integrity)
What are 3 classifications of DJD?
Primary - aging
Secondary - trauma or disease
Erosive - additional erosive or inflammation
What classifications of DJD can be considered as non-erosive?
Primary and Secondary
What is the nature of DJD?
What regions of the body are we most likely to see primary DJD?
Hip, Knee, Spine (especially transitional regions), Wrist and hand.
What region of the body are we most likely to see secondary DJD?
Any location of disease or trauma.
Erosive DJD affects
Wrist and hand (1st cmc jt & PIP/DIP jt)
Describe findings of a hand due to osteoarthritis
decreased joint space, marginal sclerosis, osteophytes, and subchondral sclerosis in DIPs & PIPs
Describe findings for varus deformity caused by DJD/OA
medial joint space narrowing and subchondral sclerosis (increased opacity), periarticular osteophyte formation, and secondary varus deformity
Describe findings of secondary DJD of the hip
Loss of joint space, marginal sclerosis, osteophytes, subchondral cyst formation and bone fragments
If you examine an X-ray and discover the "gull-wing sign," what classification would this be?
True or False?
A patient with loss of bone density and acute soft tissue swelling is okay to adjust?
False, these are contraindications.
How can clinicians help patients suffering from DJD/OA?
Avoid harms, relieve pain, and reduce swelling
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