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Government Test 2
Terms in this set (89)
Which POTUS increased our nation's debt by the largest percentage?
Franklin D Roosevelt by 1,048%
Which level of government is not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution?
Be able to list some of the concurrent powers of the national, state, and local governments in the USA. (REIM)
1. Raise money through taxation
2. Establish courts
3. Implement policy
4. Make policy
During periods of crisis, does the power of the national government increase or decrease?
The power of the national government increases
How much is the U.S. total national debt?
Over 28 Trillion dollars
What two types of crisis in our nation's history have consistently contributed to our increasing debt?
Wars and depression/recessions
Most every citizen in the USA must live under the jurisdiction of how many governments?
Must live under 5 jurisdictions
America's current debt is what percentage of our GDP (Gross Domestic Product)?
What is the major underlying problem for our chronic deficits as a nation?
The major underlying problem is mandatory spending for such programs as Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, etc. . . .
The central level possess all policy authority. Subnational unit exists, but merely carry out the centralized priorities utilizing revenue from grants the center unit provides (Big government makes the rules and little governments follow the rules because that where they get the money from)
Powers subnational jurisdictions have in federated systems in the constitutional design which the central government cannot remove without legal process (things small jurisdictions can do that the central gov cannot unless they fight it in court)
A narrow relationship among sovereign government for a specific purpose
A confederation of European countries aligned for economic reasons
Gov utilizing a federalist structure, a true federation grants policy autonomy to subnational units and these subnational units are a broad term for state or local jurisdictions (federation local and state govs can make their own policy and it is regulated by the government)
What are examples of a unitary system?
United Kingdom and France
What are examples of a Federal system?
United States and Germany
What is an example of a confederation?
The Bill of Rights are which amendments to the Constitution?
Bill of Rights are amendments 1-10 to the United States Constitution
Which political party actively negotiated for the addition of the Bill of Rights to the United States Constitution?
Which amendment guarantees the freedom of the press?
Which amendment to the U.S. constitution forbids "cruel and unusual punishment?
A police officer cannot search your car or your house without probable cause. Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees American citizens this right?
The 4th Amendment
Which Amendment guarantees the "right of the people to keep and bear arms?"
Who wrote the Bill of Rights?
Amendment ten is known as the "---------" powers amendment
Be able to list two amendment 6 "due process rights"
1. To know what you are accused of
2. The right to defend yourself in a trail that is open to the public
What are some public school activities that are permitted by the court (in the area of religion)?
1. Off-Campus release-time religion classes
2. After-school student-led religious club
3. Use of public school building by religious groups (after hours)
What are some public school activities that are not permitted by the court (in the area of religion)?
1. Banning the teaching of evolution
2. Requiring the teaching of creationism
3. Requiring the ten commandments posting
School-sponsored prayer in public schools is unconstitutional
The Supreme Court has ruled that all students can be required to say the Pledge of Allegiance to the American flag.
What did John Adams said our Constitution was designed for what kind of people?
A moral and religious people
George Washington said that it was foolish to think that we could have national morality without what?
Religion - they go hand in hand
Which framer argued that the Bible should never be taken out of American schools?
Where did the concept of separating Church and state begin?
Began in the Bible since God created three institutions the Family, the Civil Government and the Church to help nourish our relationship with God - they took this the wrong way
Are the words a "wall of separation between the church and state" in the US Constitution?
Was there ever a church inside of the US Capitol bldg?
Yes, and services were conducted in the House Chamber. Thomas Jefferson attended.
Which branch of government began to change how the church and state dealt with each other?
The Legislative Branch, more specifically the Supreme Court
Free and unrestrained discussion is the definition of what?
Marketplace of Ideas
The Constitution reflects a tension between which two responsibilities of government?
Protecting your rights and keeping you safe/ preventing chaos
false written statements about others that harm their reputation
false verbal statements about others that harm their reputation
What is the clear and present danger test?
Legal analysis used to determine whether speech creates danger or risk which carves out a freedom of speech exception
modified clear and present danger standard to determine whether speech incited imminent danger
non verbal actions protected by the freedom of speech standards such as clothing or flag burning
advertised statements that describe a product for sale
protections restricting government ability to limit personal freedom or liberty without completion of certain steps
preventing publication of a story or opinion before it goes to print
What are two examples of symbolic speech?
Picketing and Flag burning
Has the Supreme Court been willing to greatly limit free speech when it comes to obscenity?
No, the supreme court has been reluctant to limit free speech because each incident is subject to individual perspective.
Is cross-burning a legal form of symbolic speech?
No, cross burning is not a form of legal symbolic speech because it is related to the KKK.
Is flag burning a protected form of symbolic speech?
Yes, sadly flag burning is protected.
· Speech that is likely to bring about public disorder or chaos?
This is called fighting words and no it is not protected.
For what reason can advertised statements be restricted by the government?
Advertised statements can be restricted if they are false or misleading in order to promote public safety
Name two places that politically incorrect speech is sometimes restricted.
Two places that politically incorrect speech is sometimes restricted is college campuses and in the workplace.
Should you talk to the police?
Federal Criminal laws are at an all time ---- so it is ----- easy to know when you are breaking the law
True or False - Are innocent people convicted in our legal system?
One of the Basic functions of the 5th amendment is . . .
To protect innocent men who otherwise might be ensnared by ambiguous circumstances
The Supreme Court almost never allows the government to do what?
To engage in prior restraint
What is prior restraint?
government action that seeks to prevent materials from being published
What is the definition of civil rights?
Constitutionally protected rights of all persons to due process, the equal protection of the law and the right not to be discriminated against by the government based on race, ethnic background, religion or gender
What are inherent characteristics as identified by the Supreme Court?
They are characteristics of a person that are part of the person's nature such as race, national origin, religion and gender
What issue did the Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia deal with?
Law barring interracial marriage were found to violate the constitution because there was no compelling interest for which the government was responsible - today it is illegal to deny interracial marriage
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 covered desegregation efforts in what areas? (VEPE)
3. Public accommodations
Has the Supreme Court abandoned efforts to desegregate schools by busing students?
What is the most effective civil rights and integration legislation passed by the Congress?
The voting rights act
What is the test used most frequently by the federal courts to determine the legality of gender-based discrimination?
Heightened Scrutiny Test
Are there times when unequal treatment of American citizens is legal?
Yes if the government can prove that it is substantially related to achieving an important public interest
Who is the famous African American who refused to give up her seat on a bus in Alabama and was arrested for not adhering to segregated bus laws?
Be able to list three (3) things that the Bible teaches about racism that we discussed in class (ppt). Also be able to explain what the scripture teaches. In other words you don't have to know the exact words of the verse, just be able to write what it means.
Three things that the Bible teaches about racism is that it is pure evil, pure self-righteousness and it violates the Great Commission and the Great Commandment. Scripture teaches that racism questions God's creation, plan and it actively defies God. Racism is evil and is not from God.
Is the government always barred from interfering with religious exercise?
No, it is allowed to meddle some through the Lemon Test
What is the Lemon Test?
1. Purpose must be secular
2. Neutral effect on religion
3. No excessive entanglements between Church and State
The powers of the national government that are listed in the Constitution are called?
What is the most expensive national program in the history of the United States?
Which country has the oldest written constitution still in effect?
What is Proverbs 14:34?
"Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people."
Recite the First Amendment
"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press."
Which level of government does the tenth amendment specifically mention?
What is the revenue and spending equation?
Revenue - Spending = surplus or deficit
What is a deficit?
A deficit is when not enough money is left over for the government. The government then has to borrow from individuals, businesses or other countries through selling Treasury securities.
What are two sources of revenue for the Federal Government?
Payroll Taxes and Corporate Income
What are two categories that the government spends money?
Mandatory and Discretionary
What is mandatory spending?
primarily payments for benefit programs for which laws set eligibility rules and benefits
What is discretionary spending?
spending that lawmakers (congress) control through annual appropriation acts
Where does the government spend the most money? (Mandatory or Discretionary)
Study Module 5 in the Textbook
Study Module 5 in the Textbook
How do the courts view privileged communication between journalists and sources?
The Supreme Court refuses to recognize the communication between journalists and sources because it is confidential.
James Madison included one amendment specifically because he felt that a list of rights would be incomplete and cause a problem for citizens, which was never intended. Which amendment was it?
Study the US Federal Chart System
Study the US Federal Chart System
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