50 terms

musculoskeletal system

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Ankylosis
stiff or crooked joint
tuberosity
large rounded process of a bone
kyphosis
humpback, abnormal curvature
hematopoiesis
produce and development of bloodcells in bone marrow
synarthrosis
totally immovable joints
amphiarthroses
slightly movable joints
lordosis
inward curvature of the lumbar vertebra
subluxation
partial or incomplete dislocation
medullary canal
central canal of bone containing fatty yellow marrow
articulation
place of union between two or more bones
trochanter
very large irregular shaped process found only on femur
diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
contracture
condition of connective tissue prevents normal mobility of joints
hemarthrosis
blood in a joint cavity
spondylolisthesis
any slipping of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it
diarthroses
freely movable joint
crepitation
sound caused by bone ends rubbing together
periosteum
dense, white fibrous membrane covers surface of bones
compact bone
outter most layer of bone
colles fracture
break at lower end of the radius
xiphoid process
tip of sternum
lacrimal
corner of each eye
ethmoid
forms most of the bony area between the nasal cavity and parts of the orbit of eye
zygomatic
cheekbone
parietal
situated on each side of skull just behind frontal
sphenoid
middle part of the base of skull in front of temporal bone
manubium
top of sternum
ankyl-
stiffness, bent, crooked
arthroclasis
surgical break of an ankylosed joint to provide movement
-blast
embryonic cell
bone grafting
implant or transplant bone tissue from another part of the body or from another person
-clast
to break
degenerative joint disease
(osteoarthritis) most common type of connective tissue disease
fasci-
band, fascia
short, irregular, flat, long
four principals of bones
hairline (capillary) fracture
minor fracture in which all portions of the bone are in perfect alighnment.
impacted fracture
when the boneis bronken and one end is wedged ito the interior of another bone
incomplete fracture
when the line of fracture does not completely transverse the entire bone
kyph-
humpback
lamin-
lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
lord-
curve, swayback
muscular dystophy
a genetic disease characterized by gradual atrophy and weakening of muscle tissue.
myasthenia gravis
a neuromuscular disorder, causes fluctuating weakness of certain skeletal muscle groups (eyes face limbs)
ped-
foot, child
rheumatoid arthritis
a systemic disease caused by inflammatory changes in joints and thier related structure.
scoli-
crooked, bent
synov-
synovial membrane, synovial fluid
skeletal muscle
voluntary or striated. (eyeballs, tongue, bones)
cardiac muscle
only in the heart
smooth muscles
involuntary or viceral muscles (viseral organs, walls of arteries and repiratory passages, and urinary, and reproductive ducts)