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Warrior for Islam


Ottoman policy of taking boys from Christian peoples to be trained as Muslim soldiers


A community of a religious minority in the Ottoman Empire headed by a state-appointed religious leader


most successful warrior and "founder" of Ottomans

Timur the Lame

Invader from Central Asia who slowed Ottoman expansion into the Middle East in the 1400s, and destroyed Delhi, among other cities

Mehmet II

7th sultan ruler of the Ottoman Empire, captured Constantinople (Istanbul) (The Byzantine Empire)


Known as the Lawgiver or Magnificent, this man was the greatest leader of the Turkish empire of the Middle east

Selim the Grim

Executed the Shi'a in the Ottoman Empire- about 40,000. Leader during. Battle of Chaldrion in 1514 was a lost.


the greatest of all Ottoman architects


Turkish sultan whose armies invaded India about 1000

Delhi Sultanate

created by the Sultan Mahmud; lasted from 1206 AD to 1526 AD; the first Muslim empire in India


brilliant general who laid the foundation for the Mughal Empire


Most illustrious sultan of the Mughal Empire in India (r. 1556-1605). He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with Hindus.


Akbar's son, he left most of the ruling to his wife.

Nur Jahan

The wife of Jahangir who did most of the ruling, most powerful ruler in Indian History


nonviolent religious group whose beliefs blend elements of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sufism

Shah Jahan

Mogul emperor of India during whose reign the finest monuments of Mogul architecture were built (including the Taj Mahal at Agra) (1592-1666)

Taj Mahal

beautiful mausoleum at Agra built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan (completed in 1649) in memory of his favorite wife


Despotic ruler, whose strict laws led to divisions and decentralization of government in the mughal empire

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