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History Final Gunpowder Empires

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Ghazi
Warrior for Islam
Devshirme
Ottoman policy of taking boys from Christian peoples to be trained as Muslim soldiers
Millet
A community of a religious minority in the Ottoman Empire headed by a state-appointed religious leader
Osman
most successful warrior and "founder" of Ottomans
Timur the Lame
Invader from Central Asia who slowed Ottoman expansion into the Middle East in the 1400s, and destroyed Delhi, among other cities
Mehmet II
7th sultan ruler of the Ottoman Empire, captured Constantinople (Istanbul) (The Byzantine Empire)
Suleiman
Known as the Lawgiver or Magnificent, this man was the greatest leader of the Turkish empire of the Middle east
Selim the Grim
Executed the Shi'a in the Ottoman Empire- about 40,000. Leader during. Battle of Chaldrion in 1514 was a lost.
Sinan
the greatest of all Ottoman architects
Mahmud
Turkish sultan whose armies invaded India about 1000
Delhi Sultanate
created by the Sultan Mahmud; lasted from 1206 AD to 1526 AD; the first Muslim empire in India
Babur
brilliant general who laid the foundation for the Mughal Empire
Akbar
Most illustrious sultan of the Mughal Empire in India (r. 1556-1605). He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with Hindus.
Jahangir
Akbar's son, he left most of the ruling to his wife.
Nur Jahan
The wife of Jahangir who did most of the ruling, most powerful ruler in Indian History
Sikh
nonviolent religious group whose beliefs blend elements of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sufism
Shah Jahan
Mogul emperor of India during whose reign the finest monuments of Mogul architecture were built (including the Taj Mahal at Agra) (1592-1666)
Taj Mahal
beautiful mausoleum at Agra built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan (completed in 1649) in memory of his favorite wife
Aurganzeb
Despotic ruler, whose strict laws led to divisions and decentralization of government in the mughal empire