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107 terms

Vocabulary for Finals

Vocabulary from finals packet...
STUDY
PLAY
alacrity
cheerful willingness
amorphous
shapeless; without definite form; unorganized
anarchy
total absence of rule or government; confusion
antidote
remedy for a poison or evil
apathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement
attenuate
make thin; weaken
auroral
pertaining to or resembling the dawn; rosy
avert
turn away; prevent
badger
nag
bibliophile
lover of books
blithe
merry; joyous; heedless
brine
salty water; ocean
chagrin
embarrassment; disappointment
cogitate
consider with care
concur
agree; happen together
contiguous
touching; near
credence
belief
crux
essential part
demise
death, especially of a monarch or other important person
diffident
lacking self-confidence
dross
waste; scum on the surface of melting metals
dyspepsia
difficult digestion; indigestion
dystrophy
faulty nutrition
egress
exit
encomium
speech or writing of high praise; tribute; eulogy
ethereal
of the heavens; delicate
fallacious
based on an erroneous idea
flotsam
wreckage of a ship or its cargo found floating on the sea; driftage
fractious
apt to break out into a passion
fulsome
offensive because of excessive display or insincerity
fusty
stale-smelling; old-fashioned
gratis
without charge or payment; free
grave
deserving serious attention
grave
slow (the slowest tempo in music)
halcyon
calm; peaceful (from halcyon a bird thought to calm the waves)
hector
to bully; to intimidate with threats; to bluster (from Hector, bravest of the Trojans)
hermetic
airtight (from Hermes, messenger of the gods and reputed inventor of a magic seal to keep a vessel airtight)
hoary
white or gray with age; ancient
jocund
merry
laconic
using words sparingly; terse; concise (from Lakonikos, meaning "Spartan." The Spartans were known for their terseness.)
lethargic
unnaturally drowsy; sluggish; dull (from Lethe, river in Hades whose water, when drunk, caused forgetfulness of the past)
levity
lack of proper seriousness
loath
disinclined
malign
speak evil of
martial
pertaining to war; warlike (from Mars, god of war)
maudlin
weakly sentimental and tearful
misogyny
hatred of women
monolith
single stone of large size
monophobia
fear of being alone
nadir
lowest point
nemesis
due punishment for evil deeds (from Nemesis, goddess of vengeance)
nemesis
one who inflicts such punishment
noisome
offensive to the sense of smell; unwholesome
nonage
legal minority; period before maturity
obdurate
stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or course of action
omnific
all-creating
ostentatious
done to impress others
paean
song or hymn of praise, joy or triumph (a paean was a hymn in praise of Apollo, the god of deliverance)
perfidy
violation of a trust
periphery
outside boundary
pert
saucy
philology
study of language
poignant
painfully touching
polyarchy
rule by many
progenitor
forefather
propinquity
kinship; nearness of place
protean
exceedingly variable; readily assuming different forms or shapes (from Proteus, a sea god who could readily change his shape to elude capture)
puerile
foolish for a grown-up to say or do; childish
salubrious
healthful
saturnine
heavy; dull; gloomy; morose (from Saturn, father of Jupiter. Though Saturn's reign was supposedly a golden age, he has become a symbol of heaviness and dullness because the alchemists and astrologers associated his name with the metal lead)
saturnine (antonym)
mercurial
mercurial
quick; vivacious; active (from Mercury, the Roman counterpart of Hermes. Mercury was the messenger of the gods, the god of commerce, eloquence, and magic, and also the patron of travelers, rogues and thieves. His name designates a planet as well as a metal.)
mercurial
inconstant; unstable; capricious; subject to rapid and unpredictable mood changes
mercurial (antonym)
saturnine
sebaceous
greasy; secreting sebum (fatty matter)
sinuous
bending in and out
solon
legislator; wise lawgiver (from Solon, noted Athenian lawgiver)
sophistry
clever but deceptive reasoning
sordid
filthy
sot
drunkard
stricture
adverse criticism
sully
soil
sycophant
parasitic flatterer
tenacity
quality of holding fast
thespian
pertaining to the drama or active (from Thespis, reputed father of Greek drama)
transgress
step beyond the limits; break a law
travesty
imitation that makes a serious thing seem ridiculous
velocipede
child's tricycle
velocipede
early form of bicycle
virulent
extremely poisonous; very bitter
vociferous
producing a loud outcry
zenith
highest point; point in the heavens directly overhead
emaciated
abnormally lean because of starvation or illness
filial
of or benefitting a son or daughter
egoism
excessive concern for oneself; selfishness
agoraphobia
fear of open spaces
pericardium
membranous sac enclosing the heart
insectivorous
dependent on insects as a food
vertigo
dizziness
pertinacious
adhering firmly to a purpose or opinion
stygian
dark; gloomy; infernal (from Styx, a river of the lower world leading into Hades, or Hell)
palladium
safeguard or protection (from Palladium, the statue of Pallas Athena, which was thought to protect the city of Troy)
lackey
follower who carries out another's orders like a servant; toady
delectable
very pleasing
speculate
reflect; buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations
apogee
farthest point from earth in the orbit of a heavenly body; highest point; culmination
exalt
lift up with joy, pride etc.; raise in rank, dignity, etc.