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Foodborne Illnesses too
Terms in this set (48)
What are the types of microorganisms that contribute to food spoilage?
What microorganisms grow best on acid, neutral, sweet foods?
What is the ideal temperature/environment for molds?
-damp, dark conditions
What is used in curing cheese and making soy sauce
How is bacteria destroyed
Temperatures used for pasteurization
A foodborne pathogen is a microorganism, virus, or other substance that causes what kind of disease?
Illness caused by a toxin formed in the food prior to consumption
What is caused due to activity of large numbers of bacteria carried by food into the GI tract
Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium perfringens, and Bacillus cereus are examples of bacteria that cause foodborne
What enters food through handling or contact with contaminated surfaces and is part of our normal flora?
Is Staphylococcus aureus toxin destroyed by cooking?
What types of food is Staphylococcus aureus usually found in
Reheated foods, high in protein, meat, poultry, eggs, milk products, stuffing, prepared salads
Nausea, vomiting, pain, diarrhea, NO FEVER are symptoms of
How do you avoid Staphylococcus aureus?
-chill food quickly
-cool food in shallow pans
Symptoms of S. aureus occur when
approximately 1-7 hours after ingestion
This organism is found in the intestinal tract of humans and animals and contmainates surfaces of meat and poultry
Symptoms of Clostridium perfringens occur
6-24 hours after ingestion
Nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea occurring 6-24 hours after ingestion (usually no fever or vomiting) are symptoms of
How to prevent C. perfringens
-cool foods in shallow pans
-keep cold food cold
-keep hot food hot
-reheat leftovers to 165oF
What bacteria forms endospores, are found in soil, dust, grains, rice, flour cereal crops?
What can cause emetic and diarrheal symptoms
What are the symptoms of Bacillus cereus?
Emetic (nausea, vomiting) = 30min - 6 hrs
Diarrheal (watery diarrhea, cramps) = 6-15hrs which can last up to 24 hours
Rice produces (fried rice), starchy foods (potatoes, pasta, cheese products), food mixtures like casseroles, sauces, puddings, soups, pastries can be linked to which bacterial organism?
Meats, milk, vegetables, fish can be linked to which organism?
What is foodborne bacteria is often spread by food handlers?
What bacteria causes fever, nausea, vomiting, chills, headache, about 3 days after ingestion and can last 2-7 days?
What destroys Salmonella?
Temperatures used for pasteurization
Raw and undercooked meat and poultry, eggs, raw dairy, seafood, melons can all cause illness caused by the bacteria
What is one of the more common causes of gastroenteritis?
What causes abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, and lasts 2-10 days
When are symptoms of Campylobacter jejuni brought on
2-5 days following consumption
How to prevent Campylobacter jejuni
Prevent cross contamination between raw and cooked foods
Raw or undercooked meat or poultry, raw milk, raw vegetables can cause illness caused by what bacteria?
What bacteria causes foodborne illness from eating contaminated raw or undercooked seafood (shellfish, oysters)?
When do symptoms of Vibrio parahaemolyticus start?
16 hours after ingestion
Bare hands and flies are contamination factors contamination by the bacteria
Turkey, chicken, milk, lunch meat, salads and green, contaminated water such as public pools are all sources of which bacteria?
Bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain that lasts several days or weeks is caused by
Onset of symptoms of Shigella occur
anywhere from 1-4 days after ingestion, although it could be a week.
What bacteria can cause HUS?
When do symptoms of E. coli occur
slow onset, 3-4 days after ingestion
This bacteria can be found contaminating rare or raw ground beef, uncooked fruits and vegetables, raw milk, unpasteurized apple juice.
What are the most critical elements of food safety?
1. Hand washing
2. Control of proper time and temperatures
A virus that can cause illness by poor personal hygiene among infected food handlers
This virus is found in human feces, transmitted through contaminated water, human contact, vegetables fertilized by manure and can live in water for month to years
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, vomiting; lasts 1-2 days but you can still infect someone else even 2 weeks after recovery.
Symptoms of Norovirus occur
24-48 hours after ingestion
Very common foodborne illness on cruise ships
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