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Phil 101 Test 2!
Terms in this set (17)
(1)he doesn't feel like he knows anything
(2) he wants to learn the truth
(3) his experiences tell him nothing
(4) his educations disagreed with each other
(5) distinguish between bs and truth; essentially detox his education
why does descartes engage in a project of radical doubt?
submit all knowledge to doubt, and only hold onto the knowledge he can gain and affirm w/ certainty
radical doubt definition
(3) external world as a whole (god)
(4) the internal knowledge of mathematics
basic reasons for doubting away the principles of his knowledge
how he establishes the truth of himself as a thinking thing
cause must be at least great as its effect, so he couldn't have produced notions of perfection and infinity
principle that Descartes founds the existence of God on
God is perfect, he is related to this God through His benevolent perfection
how can he be sure that God is not a deceiver?
establishes definition by necessity
thinking thing and learning-> imperfect
is the nature of truth empirical (sense driven) or grounded in something else?
use definitions to deduce reality of existence of rest of world
imperfect-> perfection must exist
(1) free will
(2) in truth
two reasons we are prone to error
seeks comfort of knowledge of things as they are (common sense used to identify with world around them)
why does free will lead us to error?
will assent only to things we know to be true
how does truth lead us to error?
yes (he just wishes to distinguish between the bs and truth within it)
does descartes appreciate his education?
truman is pursuer of truth (philosopher) personified (noticed things didn't add up or make sense)
relationship of common sense to trumans world as set up?
convenient (popular opinion is easy to buy into since minds have a homeostasis where you have to do severe things to change it)
is it convenient or hard to believe common sense?
presumption by which most people believe
what is popular opinion?
no (he realizes that people will buy into ideas without learning if they were the truth)
does descartes subscribe to common sense?
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