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Things PIC must have in his possession
1. Valid Pilot Certificate
2. Photo Identification
3. Current Medical Certificate
Preflight Items to Know
N - NOTAMs
W - Weather
K - Known ATC delays
R - Runway lengths
A - Alternates
F - Fuel
T - Traffic delays
Required equipment for VFR day flight
AGOOSE ACAT MT
A - Anti-collision Light
G - Gas gauge
O - Oil temp gauge
O - Oil pressure gauge
S - Seat belt
E - ELT
A - Airspeed indicator
C - Compass
A - Altimeter
T - Tachometer
M - Manifold pressure
T - ????
Additional equipment required for VFR night flight
Source of Electrical Power
Term for the classification of aircraft within a Category having similar operating characteristics (e.g., single-engine land)
Takeoff and landing requirement for a pilot to carry passengers
3 take offs and landings withing 90 days
Definition of night for landing currency purposes
beginning 1 hour after sunset and ending 1 hour before sunrise
Requirement to carry passengers at night
3 take offs and 3 landings to a full stop within the preceding 90 days
Type of medical required for a private pilot
3rd class, valid for 5 years if under 40, 2 years thereafter
Documents required to be on board aircraft prior to flight
A - Airworthiness certificate
R - Registration certificate
O - Operating handbook
W - Weight and balance data
How long does an airworthiness certificate remain valid?
As long as the aircraft receives the required maintenance and is properly registered in the US
How often is a maintenance inspection of the aircraft required?
Annually, unless flown for hire, then 100 hour
What is the difference in a 100 hour inspection and an annual inspection
Only who is allowed to perform the inspection. Only an A&P mechanic with an Inspection Authorization may perform an 100 hour inspection, but any A&P mechanic may perform an Annual.
What should you do if icing is encountered
Change course and/or altitude; usually climb to a higher altitude if possible
Factors required for a thunderstorm to form
Source of lift (e.g., heating or fast moving front), unstable air, high moisture content
En route Flight Advisory Services (EFAS) provides communications capabilities for aircraft flying at _____' to _____' MSL on a common frequency of ____ MHz.
5,000' to 17,500; on 122.0 MHz
An Area Forecast (FA) is regional and provides what
2. Clouds and weather
3. 12 to 18 hour categorical outlook (e.g., VFR, IFR)
What are the 3 types of AIRMETs
Sierra - IFR conditions and/or mountain obscurations
Tango - moderate turbulence, sustained surface winds of 30 knots or more, or non-convective low level wind shear
Zulu - moderate icing
What valuable information can be determined from a Winds and Temperature Aloft forecast?
Most favorable altitude
Areas of possible icing
Turbulence (caused by abrupt changes in wind direction and speed at different altitudes)
This is a computer-prepared chart that covers the contiguous 48 states and adjacent areas and is transmitted every 3 hours
Surface Analysis Chart
This computer generated chart is derived from METAR reports and is an ideal place to begin in preparing for a weather briefing and flight planning
Weather Depiction Chart
What are the different operations categories for aircraft
Normal: +3.8g to -1.52g
Utility: +4.4g to -1.76g
Aerobatic: +6g to -3g
Each aircraft has a specific angle of attach at which it will stall. What is the range of the angles?
16 degrees to 20 degrees
What causes an aircraft to spin?
Exceeding the critical angle of attack while applying excessive or insufficient rudder, and to a lessor extent, aileron
Steps to recover from a spin
Close the throttle
Neutralize the aileron
Apply full opposite rudder
Briskly move the elevator control forward to approximately the neutral position
___________ altitude is the altitude indicated when the altimeter setting window is set to 29.92"
What instruments rely on the pitot/static system
Vertical Speed Indicator
Order of right of way by aircraft category
BGAAR - "Big R"
The East/West direction rule kicks into effect at what altitude and is based on (true/magnetic) course
3,000' AGL; magnetic course
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