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84 terms

Medical Transcription ch3 Dalton

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acute hepatic failure
the sudden onset of liver failure
advanced cardiac life support
a set of interventions for urgent treatment of cardiac arrest; these interventions include medications, CPR, and defibrillation (delivery of electrical energy with defibrillator)
alveolitis
inflammation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung)
amphoric
describing a hollow sound resulting from percussion over a lung cavity
ancillary
supplementary
asystolic
pertaining to asystole (absence of cardiac contraction)
atrial fibrillation
rapid irregular contractions of the atria (upper chambers of the heart)
atrial flutter
rapid contractions of the atria, more regular than fibrillation
axial sections
referring to cross sections obtained in a horizontal plane of a structure of the body, either by slicing or by imaging techniques
axillary
pertaining to the armpit
basal ganglia calcifications
deposits of calcium in basal ganglia (groups of nerve cells in the brain)
bilateral
occurring on both sides
bleb
an abnormal air-filled or fluid-filled sac
bronchoscopy
visual examination of the bronchial passages of the lungs through a bronchoscope; a surgical procedure
brushings
cell samples that are obtained with a brush; this material is sent for examination of the cells for carcinoma or other disease processes, such as tuberculosis
carina
a downward and backward projection of the lowest tracheal cartilage, forming a ridge between the openings of the right and left main bronchi
cavitary lesions
abnormal tissue areas containing cavities
cerebral edema
excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain substance that causes swelling
Code Blue
medical jargon meaning a patient's heartbeat and/or respirations have ceased, calling for immediate resuscitation procedures (CPR)
congestion
swelling of blood vessels due to engorgement with blood
cords
referring to the vocal cords, 2 small bands of muscle within the larynx; the vocal cords vibrate to produce the voice
cortical atrophy
death of cells in the cerebral cortex (part of the brain)
Coumadin
trade name for warfarin sodium, an anticoagulant drug
CT
abbreviation for computerized tomography
dialysis catheter
tubular instrument inserted into a major vein in order to filter the blood of impurities; dialysis is done in patients whose kidneys have less than normal function
echocardiogram
the record obtained by using ultrasound to bounce back ultrasonic waves from the heart
effusion
the escape of fluid into a body part or tissue
ejection fraction
the proportion of the volume of blood in the ventricles at the end of diastole that is ejected during systole
EKG leads
conductors connected to an electrocardiograph (EKG) machine
embolectomy
surgical removal of a blood clot (embolus) from a blood vessel
endobronchial
within the bronchi or bronchial tubes
epiglottis
the lidlike cartilaginous structure that folds back over the larynx during swallowing and that prevents food from entering the lungs
ET tube
abbreviation for endotracheal tube, a tube inserted into the trachea (windpipe) to assist in ventilating the patient
etiology
cause or origin of a disease or disorder
fungemia
the presence of a fungal growth in the blood stream
glottis
the vocal apparatus of the larynx consisting of several structures that form the supporting structures of the vocal cords
Hemoccult
trade name for test to discover occult (hidden) blood in the stool
hemodialysis
the removal of waste substances from the blood by means of a hemodialyzer (machine)
hemoptysis
the expectoration or spitting up of blood or blood-stained sputum from the bronchial tubes as a result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage
hepatosplenomegaly
enlargement of the liver and spleen
high-flow oxygen
oxygen administered via the highest setting on the oxygen machine (as opposed to low-flow oxygen, which is at a lower level)
hilar
pertaining to the depression, notch, or opening where the vessels and nerves enter an organ
HPI
abbreviation for history of present illness
hydrocephalus
an increase in the volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the cerebrum (brain)
hypokinesia
abnormally decreased motor function or activity.
hypoxic
pertaining to deficient oxygenation of the tissues
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
hardening of the pulmonary (lung) structures of either unknown or spontaneous origin
infiltrate
a collection of inflammatory cells, foreign organisms, and cellular debris; when present on chest x-ray it indicates pneumonia
INR
abbreviation for international normalized ratio—one of the clotting studies performed along with PT (prothrombin time) and PTT (paitial thromboplastin time)
intravenous
within or into a vein
intravenous contrast
material inserted into a vein that allows differences in tissues to be delineated; used in radiology and cardiology procedures
intubated
the condition of having a tube inserted into a body canal or hollow organ
intubation
the insertion of a tube into a body canal or hollow organ
Klebsiella pneumoniae
one etiologic agent of acute bacterial pneumonia (microbiology genus and species name)
lesion
any abnormality involving an organ or tissue due to a disease process or injury
low-flow oxygen
oxygen administered via the lowest setting on the oxygen machine (as opposed to high-flow oxygen, which is at a higher setting)
malaise
a vague feeling of bodily discomfort
mechanical ventilation
ventilation (breathing) supported or provided by a machine
mediastinal
pertaining to the membranous partition separating the lungs or the 2 pleural sacs
MVA
abbreviation for motor vehicle accident
myocardial infarction
injury or necrosis of the heart muscle due to lack of blood supply to the area (heart attack)
nasoduodenal feeding tube
a tube that goes through the nose and down through the esophagus and stomach to sit at the first part of the intestine; the patient is fed nutritional supplementation through the tube
nephrologist
a medical specialist in diagnosing and treating kidney disease
open-lung biopsy
taking a small sample of apparently diseased tissue in surgery while the lungs are exposed (as opposed to a brush biopsy or a procedure with the lungs not exposed)
palpitations
rapid or irregular heartbeats; primarily used in the plural form
parenchymal
pertaining to the essential elements of an organ, i.e., the functional elements of an organ
pleural
pertaining to the serous membrane that covers the lungs and lining of the thoracic cavity
prothrombin time
a test for coagulation factors of the blood; also dictated and written pro time
pseudocords
false cords; part of the anatomical structure of the larynx (voice box)
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
pulmonary vascular congestion
engorgement of pulmonary vessels occurring in cardiac disease, infections, and certain bodily injuries
rhonchi (sing, rhonchus)
sounds with a musical pitch (heard on auscultation) in bronchial tubes due to inflammation, spasm of muscle, or presence of mucus; used most commonly in the plural form
S1, S2, S3, S4 or SI, S2, S3, S4
first, second, third, and fourth heart sounds; may be heard while listening to the heart via stethoscope; SI and S2 are normal sounds. S3 and S4 are not normally heard
septicemia
toxins in the blood, formerly called "blood poisoning"
sputum
material coughed up from the lower respiratory tract
subarachnoid hemorrhage
hemorrhage at or between the arachnoid and pia mater of the brain
supraventricular cardiac arrhythmias
irregularity in the rhythm of the heart starting from a focus above the ventricles
tachycardia
fast heart rate
thorax
chest
thrombosis
formation or presence of a thrombus or blood clot
tuberculosis
an infectious disease of the lung
ventricles
lower chambers of the heart
Versed
trade name for a drug given intravenously either before or during surgery to produce sedation and amnesia
Xylocaine
trade name for lidocaine, a topical anesthetic drug