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advanced cardiac life support
a set of interventions for urgent treatment of cardiac arrest; these interventions include medications, CPR, and defibrillation (delivery of electrical energy with defibrillator)
referring to cross sections obtained in a horizontal plane of a structure of the body, either by slicing or by imaging techniques
basal ganglia calcifications
deposits of calcium in basal ganglia (groups of nerve cells in the brain)
visual examination of the bronchial passages of the lungs through a bronchoscope; a surgical procedure
cell samples that are obtained with a brush; this material is sent for examination of the cells for carcinoma or other disease processes, such as tuberculosis
a downward and backward projection of the lowest tracheal cartilage, forming a ridge between the openings of the right and left main bronchi
medical jargon meaning a patient's heartbeat and/or respirations have ceased, calling for immediate resuscitation procedures (CPR)
referring to the vocal cords, 2 small bands of muscle within the larynx; the vocal cords vibrate to produce the voice
tubular instrument inserted into a major vein in order to filter the blood of impurities; dialysis is done in patients whose kidneys have less than normal function
the record obtained by using ultrasound to bounce back ultrasonic waves from the heart
the proportion of the volume of blood in the ventricles at the end of diastole that is ejected during systole
the lidlike cartilaginous structure that folds back over the larynx during swallowing and that prevents food from entering the lungs
abbreviation for endotracheal tube, a tube inserted into the trachea (windpipe) to assist in ventilating the patient
the vocal apparatus of the larynx consisting of several structures that form the supporting structures of the vocal cords
the expectoration or spitting up of blood or blood-stained sputum from the bronchial tubes as a result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage
oxygen administered via the highest setting on the oxygen machine (as opposed to low-flow oxygen, which is at a lower level)
an increase in the volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the cerebrum (brain)
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
hardening of the pulmonary (lung) structures of either unknown or spontaneous origin
a collection of inflammatory cells, foreign organisms, and cellular debris; when present on chest x-ray it indicates pneumonia
abbreviation for international normalized ratio—one of the clotting studies performed along with PT (prothrombin time) and PTT (paitial thromboplastin time)
material inserted into a vein that allows differences in tissues to be delineated; used in radiology and cardiology procedures
one etiologic agent of acute bacterial pneumonia (microbiology genus and species name)
oxygen administered via the lowest setting on the oxygen machine (as opposed to high-flow oxygen, which is at a higher setting)
injury or necrosis of the heart muscle due to lack of blood supply to the area (heart attack)
nasoduodenal feeding tube
a tube that goes through the nose and down through the esophagus and stomach to sit at the first part of the intestine; the patient is fed nutritional supplementation through the tube
taking a small sample of apparently diseased tissue in surgery while the lungs are exposed (as opposed to a brush biopsy or a procedure with the lungs not exposed)
pertaining to the essential elements of an organ, i.e., the functional elements of an organ
pulmonary vascular congestion
engorgement of pulmonary vessels occurring in cardiac disease, infections, and certain bodily injuries
rhonchi (sing, rhonchus)
sounds with a musical pitch (heard on auscultation) in bronchial tubes due to inflammation, spasm of muscle, or presence of mucus; used most commonly in the plural form
S1, S2, S3, S4 or SI, S2, S3, S4
first, second, third, and fourth heart sounds; may be heard while listening to the heart via stethoscope; SI and S2 are normal sounds. S3 and S4 are not normally heard
supraventricular cardiac arrhythmias
irregularity in the rhythm of the heart starting from a focus above the ventricles
trade name for a drug given intravenously either before or during surgery to produce sedation and amnesia
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