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Arts and Humanities
US History Cold War Test
Terms in this set (26)
Harry S. Truman
wanted to spread democracy and industry throughout the world, especially to Eastern Europe. (Soviet Union stronghold); President at the beginning of the cold war. Democrat. Soft on Communism.
installs communist governments in Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Poland. (Satellite nations). USSR premier at beginning of Cold War
John F. Kennedy
Democrat. Turns away from Eisenhower nuclear strategy; develops flexible response—raising defense spending to boost conventional military forces. Allows USA to fight limited wars without going nuclear. Bay of pigs.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican. Advocated brinkmanship where the use of nukes go up.
Francis Gary Powers
U2 pilot shot down over Soviet airspace for spying
overthrows the US backed dictatorship and declares Cuba a Communist nation. Communist dictator of Cuba.
Accused of spying for Soviet Union and professed his innocence. Pumpkin patch
Julius & Ethel Rosenburg
Accused of giving the Soviet Union information about the atomic bomb and were sentenced to death. Couple executed for spying
Wisconsin Senator ("Red Scare")
Premier of USSR after Stalin. First Communist premier to visit the US. (Premier after stalin) Wanted to go to Disneyland but wasn't allowed to.
What color was used to associate with Communism in the United States? What was the name of the panic and hysteria that surrounded this color?
Red; The Red Scare.
What actions by the Soviet Union led to the Berlin Airlift in 1948-1949?
Soviet forces blockaded rail, road, and water access to Allied-controlled areas of Berlin. The United States and United Kingdom responded by airlifting food and fuel to Berlin from Allied air bases in western Germany.
What actions were taken by President Truman to stop the expansion of Communism?
He came up with the Truman Doctrine which sent $400 million to Greece to reduce danger of Communist takeover.
Explain the reasons for the creation of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Gather information abroad and carry out covert operations to make sure nations don't fall to Communism.
By sending support to the South Koreans during the Korean War, what message did the US send towards stopping the spread of Communism?
The US will send troops to stop communist expansion; Containment applies to Asia as well as Europe.
What phrase was used to symbolize the concept of collective security in Cold War alliances?
Attack on one, attack on all
What were the two alliances that countries of the world were aligned with during the Cold War?
NATO and the Warsaw Pact
What actions by the Soviet Union and the United States led to the beginning of the Cold War in 1945?
Domination of Eastern Europe
What was the deal between the United States and the Soviet Union which ended the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962?
JFK promises Khrushchev never to invade Cuba and pull missiles out of Turkey and in return the Soviets pull their missiles out of Cuba.
Explain the reasons behind McCarthyism in the United States
Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy produced a series of investigations and hearings to expose supposed communist infiltration of various areas of the U.S. government.
Explain why both John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev were both labeled "soft" towards the other side in the 1960's
Both signed agreements limiting nuclear testing; Hotline; Didn't go to war with each other during Cuban Missile Crisis
Describe why President Truman dismissed Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War
MacArthur made public statements which contradicted the administration's policies.
Explain why the United States supported the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961
CIA told JFK that Cubans did not want Castro and they would rise up if we provided air cover and support
Describe the impact of the launch of Sputnik on the Cold War
Began space race; soviets had achieved technological superiority; US spends millions of dollars on education.
Explain what actions were taken by the US government to investigate Communism within the USA
House Un-American Activities Committee, McCarthy hearings, loyalty review board.
Explain why John F. Kennedy held a greater advantage over Richard Nixon in the presidential election of 1960
He had a spray tan and he also looked better than Nixon on TV.
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