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Terms in this set (32)
the reference range for Cl-
interpret the following ABG results
a female has a HCT of 54%. What fluid imbalance do you suspect the patient has?
a patient diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) has CBC drawn. What results does the nurse expect to see?
elevated WBC with increased lymphocytes
fatigue, weakness, decreased deep tendon reflexes, and impaired cognition represent what electrolyte imbalance? what is the normal range for this lab?
disorder of excessive bronchial mucous secretion
blood flow to a portion of the cardiac muscle is completely blocked
this occurs when the CO, SV, and ejection fraction begin to decrease
uncontrolled growth and the spread of abnormal cells. These cells are invasive, have rapid growth, and are not always easy to remove.
uncontrolled proliferation of myeoblasts and hyperplasia of the bone marrow and spleen
acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
name a beta blocker
this medication has a side effect of a persistent cough
this medication is classified as an anticholinergic and used for maintenance treatment of bronchospasms associated with COPD.
describe adjuvant therapy in reference to chemotherapy
cancer is treated with surgery first. then chemotherapy is started after surgery to eliminate any residual tumor cells
these drugs block vasocontraction and promote relaxation of blood vessels
angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)- sartan
what do you anticipate to find on the assessment of a patient with heart failure?
SOB, pitting edema, weight gain
a patient presents to the ED reporting chest pain. what will you include on your assessment?
location, intensity, character, radiation, timing, nausea, heartburn, SOB, and anxiety
you enter your 89 year old patient's room at noon to administer medications. she is agitated, disoriented and having difficulty focusing, which is all new since the beginning of the shift. what do you anticipate she has, and what will you include in your assessment?
delirium vitals (SPO2), pain, and may have to review the chart to obtain dietary history, hearing/vision impairment, and review labs
a patient enters the flush phase of a fever. what will the patient experience?
excessive sweating, hot, and flushed skin
an ABG shows respiratory alkalosis. what respiratory pattern would you expect to see while observing the patient?
a patient is taking morphine. what would you except their ABGs to look like
a patient presents with hyperthermia due to an illness. what interventions do you anticipate?
antipyretics, vitals, and oral/IV fluids
a patient's K+ value is 5.9. What are the priority interventions?
EKG and notify the provider
a patient is newly diagnosed with asthma. what education will you include?
how to minimize triggers, medication usage, and when to be seen
a patient is receiving chemotherapy for a diagnosis of leukemia. the patient is experiencing thrombocytopenia and neutropenia. what are your nursing interventions?
support for patient and family, education prevention of infections, patient safety
a patient presents with cold exposure and frostbite to the hands and feet. the patient is also not shivering and hypotensive. what interventions will you do?
circulating water on hands, keep elevated after warming, analgesics, warm IV fluids, and warm blanket
your patient has ibuprofen 600 mg PO ordered, and you have 200 mg tablets available. how many tablets will you administer?
infuse 200 mL over 4 hours. how many mL/hr will you set the IV pump at?
infuse 500 mL D5W over 5 hours. The drop factor is 15 gtt/mL
you are preparing to administer an antibiotic to your patient. you have a powered vial containing 750 mg. you need to reconstitute a total volume of 7 mL. add this drug to 150 mL of NS and infuse as an IVPB over 1 hour. the administration set has a drop factor of 20 gtt/ mL infused over 1 hour
the pharmacy prepares the medication and delivers and IV bag labeled heparin sodium 25,000 units per 250 mL D5W. An infusion pump must be used to administer the medication. the nurse sets the infusion pump at how many mL/hr to deliver 1000 units per hour?
a patient is dehydrated
hematocrit is up
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