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abnormal psych- chapter 8: sleep wake disorders
Terms in this set (27)
Periodic intervals of sleep during which the eyes move rapidly from side to side, and dreams occur, but the body is inactive.
rapid eye movement (rem) sleep
Problems in getting to sleep or in obtaining sufficient quality sleep.
Abnormal behaviors such as nightmares or sleepwalking that occur during sleep.
Assessment of sleep disorders in which a client sleeping in the lab is monitored for heart, muscle, respiration, brain wave, and other functions.
polysomnographic (psg) evaluation
Small electronic device that is worn on the wrist like a watch and records body movements. This device can be used to record sleep-wake cycles.
Percentage of time actually spent sleeping of the total time spent in bed.
Short, seconds-long periods of sleep that occur in people who have been deprived of sleep.
Condition in which insufficient sleep interferes with normal functioning.
Difficulty in initiating, maintaining, or gaining from sleep; not related to other medical or psychological problems.
Sleep dysfunction involving an excessive amount of sleep that disrupts normal routines.
Disorder involving brief periods when breathing ceases during sleep.
Sleep disorder involving sudden and irresistible sleep attacks.
Sleep disruption leading to excessive sleepiness or insomnia, caused by a breathing problem such as interrupted (sleep apnea) or labored (hypoventilation) breathing.
breathing-related sleep disorders
Timothy wakes up frequently every night because he feels he is about to hyperventilate. He can't seem to get enough air, and many times his wife will wake him to tell him to quit snoring. He is suffering from a(n)
breathing-related sleep disorder
Sonia has problems staying awake throughout the day. Even while talking on the phone or riding the bus, she unexpectedly loses muscle tone and falls asleep for a while. This is due to
Jaime sometimes awakens and cannot move or speak. This is a particularly frightening experience known as
Brett has started a new job that requires him to change shifts monthly. He sometimes has day shifts and at other times has night shifts. Since then he has had considerable trouble sleeping.
circadian rhythm sleep disorder
Rama is extremely overweight. His wife suspects he may be suffering from ANSWER ↓ because he snores every night and often wakes up exhausted as though he never slept.
Melinda sleeps all night and still finds herself falling asleep throughout the next day. This happens even when she goes to bed early and gets up as late as possible.
Frightening and anxiety-provoking dreams occurring during rapid eye movement sleep. The individual recalls the bad dreams and recovers alertness and orientation quickly.
Parasomnia that involves leaving the bed during nonrapid eye movement sleep. See also somnambulism.
Jaclyn's dad is sometimes awakened by his daughter's screams. He runs to Jaclyn's room to comfort her and is eventually able to calm her down. Jaclyn usually explains that she was being chased by a big, one-eyed, purple monster. The events typically happen after watching scary movies with friends.
Sho-jen's parents hear her piercing screams on many nights and rush to comfort her, but she does not respond. During these episodes, her heart rate is elevated, and her pajamas are soaked in sweat. When she gets up the next day, however, she has no memory of the experience.
Jack has made a serious commitment to his diet for more than a month but continues to gain weight. He has no memory of eating but noticed that food is always missing from the refrigerator.
nocturnal eating syndrome
Karen wakes up screaming every night, disregarding her parents' efforts to comfort her. Her heart rate is elevated in these episodes, and her pajamas are soaked in sweat. The next day, she has no memory of the experience. To help reduce these night terrors, Karen's pediatrician used
After George's wife died at the age of 68, he could not sleep. To help him through the hardest first week, Dr. Brown prescribed ANSWER ↓ for his insomnia
Carl's doctor suggested some relatively simple lifestyle changes otherwise known as good ANSWER ↓ when he expressed concern about developing a sleep disorder.
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