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abnormal psych- chapter 13: Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Terms in this set (48)
Devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteristic disturbances in thinking (delusions), perception (hallucinations), speech, emotions, and behavior.
Disorder of movement involving immobility or excited agitation. Sometimes accompanies psychotic disorders or mood disorders.
Silly and immature emotionality, a characteristic of some types of schizophrenia.
People's irrational beliefs that they are especially important (delusions of grandeur) or that other people are seeking to do them harm.
Latin term meaning "premature loss of mind," an early label for what is now called schizophrenia, emphasizing the disorder's frequent appearance during adolescence. Called démence précoce in France.
Separation among basic functions of human personality (for example, cognition, emotion, and perception) seen by some as the defining characteristic of schizophrenia.
Severe psychological disorder category characterized by hallucinations and loss of contact with reality.
Psychotic symptom involving disorder of thought content and presence of strong beliefs that are misrepresentations of reality.
Psychotic symptoms of perceptual disturbance in which things are seen, heard, or otherwise sensed although they are not actually present.
Less outgoing symptoms, such as flat affect and poverty of speech, displayed by some people with schizophrenia.
Apathy, or the inability to initiate or persist in important activities.
Deficiency in the amount or content of speech, a disturbance often seen in people with schizophrenia.
Inability to experience pleasure, associated with some mood and schizophrenic disorders.
Apparently emotionless demeanor (including toneless speech and vacant gaze) when a reaction would be expected.
Style of talking often seen in people with schizophrenia, involving incoherence and a lack of typical logic patterns.
Emotional displays that are improper for the situation.
Disturbance of motor behavior in which the person remains motionless, sometimes in an awkward posture, for extended periods.
Psychotic disorder involving the symptoms of schizophrenia but lasting less than 6 months.
Psychotic disorder featuring symptoms of both schizophrenia and major mood disorder.
Psychotic disorder featuring a persistent belief contrary to reality (delusion) but no other symptoms of schizophrenia.
Psychotic disturbance in which individuals develop a delusion similar to that of a person with whom they share a close relationship.
shared psychotic disorder
Psychosis caused by the ingestion of medications, psychoactive drugs, or toxins.
substance-induced psychotic disorder
Condition that is characterized by hallucinations or delusions and that is the direct result of another physiological disorder, such as stroke or brain tumor.
psychotic disorder associated with another medical condition
Psychotic disturbance involving delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech or behavior but lasting less than 1 month; often occurs in reaction to a stressor.
brief psychotic disorder
Disorder involving the onset of psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions, which puts a person at high risk for schizophrenia; designated for further study by DSM-5.
attenuated psychosis syndrome
Cluster A (odd or eccentric) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of interpersonal deficits featuring acute discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close relationships, as well as cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior.
schizotypal personality disorder
Jane has spent the past half hour staring in the mirror. As you approach her, she turns away and giggles. When you ask what she's laughing at, she answers, but you're having difficulty understanding what she says.
Drew has experienced hallucinations and bizarre delusions for the past four months.
Greg's cognitive skills and affect are relatively intact. He, however, often has delusions and hallucinations that convince him enemies are out to persecute him.
Alice usually holds an unusual posture and is sometimes seen grimacing.
Cameron has started to hear voices, and this is very disturbing to him. He told his parents and recognizes that he needs to see a mental health professional for help.
attenuated psychosis syndrome
Lately Dom has become more isolated because he believes his coworkers are conspiring to get him fired. He becomes agitated whenever he sees a group of employees talking and laughing, because he believes that they are plotting against him.
Natalie reveals to her therapist that she hears numerous voices talking to her and giving her orders. Her doctor has just sent her to this therapist for what he believes to be a major depressive episode. She had begun to sleep all the time and contemplated suicide often.
If Shawn's schizophrenic symptoms disappeared after about 4 months and he returned to his normal life, what diagnosis might he have received?
Elias believes the government is out to get him. He thinks agents follow him daily, monitor his calls, and read his mail. His roommate Cedric tried to convince him otherwise. After a year of this, however, Cedric began to believe Elias was correct and the government was out to get him, too.
shared psychotic disorder
According to an obsolete, unsupported theory, a cold, dominating, and rejecting parent who was thought to cause schizophrenia in her offspring.
According to an obsolete, unsupported theory, the practice of transmitting conflicting messages that was thought to cause schizophrenia.
double bind communication
Hostility, criticism, and overinvolvement demonstrated by some families toward a family member with a psychological disorder. This can often contribute to the person's relapse.
(ee) expressed emotion
Social learning behavior modification system in which individuals earn items they can exchange for desired rewards by displaying appropriate behaviors.
The greatest risk of having schizophrenia is in those who have a(n) ANSWER ↓ or ANSWER ↓ with schizophrenia. Any relative with schizophrenia will make your chances of developing the disorder ANSWER ↓ than those of the general population.
Raised in a home other than that of their biological parents, adopted children of parents with schizophrenia have a(n) ANSWER ↓ chance of having the disorder themselves. Children of people with schizophrenia adopted into families without schizophrenia have a ANSWER ↓ than-average chance of having schizophrenia.
The likelihood of a child's having schizophrenia is influenced by the ANSWER ↓
of the parent's disorder. One may inherit a predisposition for ANSWER ↓ schizophrenia that is the same or different from that of the parent.
Setting up an elaborate ANSWER ↓ in which patients are fined for disruptive or inappropriate behavior and rewarded for appropriate behavior is beneficial in hospitals.
In ANSWER ↓ , clinicians attempt to reteach such behaviors as basic conversation, assertiveness, and relationship building to people with schizophrenia.
social skills training
Aside from social skills training, two psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia, _____ (teaching family members to be supportive) and____-_ (teaching meaningful jobs), may be helpful.
Recent studies sometimes indicate that the relationship of the neurotransmitters ANSWER ↓ and ANSWER ↓ may explain some positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
dopamine and serotonin
Because antipsychotic medications may cause serious side effects, some patients stop taking them. One serious side effect is called ANSWER ↓ , which may include Parkinsonian symptoms.
Difficult cases of schizophrenia seem to improve with a serotonin and dopamine antagonist called
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