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Chpt 11 Key terms
Terms in this set (16)
A powerful city-state in central Mexico (100 B.C.E.-750 C.E.). Its popu- lation was about 150,000 at its peak in 600.
Raised fields constructed along lake- shores in Mesoamerica to increase agricultural yields.
Mesoamerican civili- zation concentrated in Mex- ico's Yucatán Peninsula and in Guatemala and Honduras but never unified into a sin- gle empire. Major contribu- tions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar.
Powerful postclas- sic empire in central Mexico (900-1175 C.E.). It influenced much of Mesoamerica. Aztecs claimed ties to this earlier civilization.
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on
an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Span- ish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins.
Also known as Mexica, the Aztecs created a powerful empire in central Mexico (1325-1521 C.E.). They forced defeated peo- ples to provide goods and labor as a tax.
in which defeated peoples were forced to pay a tax in the form of goods and labor. This forced transfer of food, cloth, and other goods sub- sidized the development of large cities. An important component of the Aztec and Inca economies.
Andean lineage group or kin-based community.
Andean labor system based on shared obligations to help kinsmen and work on behalf of the ruler and reli- gious organizations.
Civilization of north coast of Peru (200-700 C.E.). An important Andean civi- lization that built extensive irrigation networks as well as impressive urban centers dominated by brick temples.
Andean civilization culturally linked to Tiwan- aku, perhaps beginning as a colony of Tiwanaku.
Name of capital city and empire centered on the region near Lake Titicaca in modern Bolivia (375-1000 C.E.).
Largest and most powerful Andean empire. Controlled the Pacific coast of South America from Ecua- dor to Chile from its capital of Cuzco.
System of knotted colored cords used by pre- literate Andean peoples to transmit information.
In teotihuacan. A culture God that is the originator of agriculture.
Llamas and Alpacas
Provided wool, transport, and meat.
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