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Lifespan Development Chapter 17
Terms in this set (56)
Ebony, age 88, appears younger than her 77-year-old sister, Desiree. However, Desiree remains active mentally, whereas Ebony finds it difficult to complete familiar tasks. The sisters' actual competence and performance in dealing with life's challenges indicate their __________ age.
The __________, along with women's reduced risk taking and physical aggression, are believed to be responsible for the female advantage in average life expectancy.
B) protective value of the extra X chromosome
As __________, length of life increases.
C) education and income increase
David, a European-American male born in 1950, is likely to live 2 to 3 years __________ born the same year.
D) longer than Isaac, an African-American male
After age 80, a life expectancy crossover occurs, in that __________.
C) surviving African Americans live longer than members of the white majority
Wanda, age 77, has difficulty shopping, paying her bills, and preparing food. Wanda needs help with __________.
A) instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs)
__________ affect(s) 25 percent of people in their seventies and 50 percent of those in their eighties.
Of all hearing difficulties, the __________ has the greatest impact on life satisfaction.
C) age-related decline in speech perception
__________ is/are evident in up to 80 percent of adults after age 80
C) Reduced sensitivity to taste
Researchers believe that odor perception __________ with age.
B) wanes and becomes distorted
As the years pass, the heart muscle __________.
A) becomes more rigid
Francesca's immune system has begun to turn against normal body tissues, which is referred to as __________.
C) an autoimmune response
When Grace reached her 70s, she began having difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, and sleeping deeply. During the day, Grace worried about having sleep trouble. One thing Grace could do to foster restful sleep is __________.
B) use the bedroom only for sleep
__________ with age.
A) The nose and ears broaden
__________ especially decline in height because of a loss of __________.
B) Women; bone mineral content
Walt, age 75, says that he feels about 60 years old. Sixty is Walt's __________ age
Mrs. Nguyen agrees with the following statement: "As I get older, things are better than I thought they'd be." Mrs. Nguyen's self-perception __________.
B) may help her live a longer life
Ila, who is Inuit, recently became head of her extended family unit. Her status as "one who knows things" is known as __________.
Low-SES older adults are __________ likely than higher-SES older adults to benefit from medical care because __________.
B) less; they are less optimistic that treatment will work
Several large-scale studies indicate that over the past several decades, __________ has occurred in industrialized nations.
C) compression of morbidity
Which statement is true about sexuality in late adulthood?
B) Most married older adults report continued, regular sexual enjoyment.
Lesbian and gay older adults who are married or in committed relationships __________.
A) are more sexually active than those who are single
More prevalent among women than men, __________ is the leading cause of dementia.
C) Alzheimer's disease
A blood vessel hemorrhaged in Ms. Rosenthal's brain, causing late-life physical disability. This is known as __________.
A) a stroke
Which of the following is an example of primary aging?
A) blurred vision from macular degeneration
The cartilage on the ends of Wendell's joints is deteriorating. Around age 65, he developed bony lumps on the end of the joints on his fingers. Recently, he has been experiencing joint pain, swelling, and some loss of flexibility. Wendell probably has __________.
__________ is associated with more rapid cognitive declines in older people and an elevated risk of dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease.
Which older adult is more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes?
B) Rudy, who is African American
The risk of __________ fracture increases fifteenfold from age 65 to 85.
Normal age-related cell death in the brain __________.
D) does not lead to loss of ability to engage in everyday activities
One form of dementia that involves deterioration in subcortical brain regions is __________.
D) Parkinson's disease
Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia are both types of ________
B) cortical dementia
Approximately 5.2 million Americans have __________.
C) Alzheimer's disease
As Alzheimer's disease progresses, __________.
A) skilled and purposeful movements disintegrate
Marion has just learned that her brain contains an abundance of neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques. Marion's doctors are probably concerned that she has __________.
D) Alzheimer's disease
The abnormal APOE e4 gene is the most widely known risk factor for __________.
D) sporadic Alzheimer's disease
The rate of Alzheimer's disease is reduced by more than half in older adults __________.
B) with higher education
Caregivers of older adults with dementia usually say that __________ is the assistance they most desire
D) respite—time away from providing care—
Mr. Torres had a series of strokes that left areas of dead brain cells, causing step-by-step degeneration of his mental ability. Mr. Torres is experiencing __________.
C) vascular dementia
__________ is the disorder most often misdiagnosed as dementia.
Which older adult is the most likely to enter a nursing home?
A) Mr. Holzman, who has dementia
The more a mental ability depends on __________ intelligence, the earlier it starts to decline.
Which statement is true about cognitive functioning in late adulthood?
C) Older adults who sustain high levels of cognitive functioning engage in selective optimization with compensation.
Nina travels from the living room to the kitchen intending to get something, but then she does not recall what she intended to get. Nina's experience provides an example of __________ memory
At a recent family reunion, Philip's uncle recognized him as his brother's son, but he could not recall his name. Philip's uncle exhibited a(n) __________ memory deficit.
The reminiscence bump __________.
C) is evident in the autobiographical recall of older adults from diverse cultures
Van sometimes has trouble finding the right words to convey his thoughts. He often says, "It is right on the tip of my tongue." Like many older adults, Van is most likely __________.
C) having trouble retrieving words from long-term memory
A common technique used by many older adults to compensate for their difficulties in producing language is to __________.
D) use more sentences to convey their message
Florence is more likely to __________ than her adult grandchildren.
B) resolve tip-of-the-tongue states at a higher rate
Which statement is true about problem solving in late adulthood?
A) Older adults usually do what they can to avoid interpersonal conflicts.
Earl has broad practical knowledge, emotional maturity, and the ability to apply his knowledge to make life more worthwhile. Earl demonstrates __________.
B) requires the pinnacle of insight into the human condition
In the year before Trudy died, her friends and family noticed that she had become less active and more withdrawn, even in their company. Trudy experienced __________.
C) terminal decline
An accelerating falloff in cognitive performance or in emotional investment in life is __________.
B) a sign of loss of vitality and impending death
Which statement is true about the types of lifelong learning programs available to older adults?
C) Osher Lifelong Learning Institutes are located on more than 120 U.S. university campuses.
Aimee is coordinating a continuing education program for older adults. Which of the following pieces of advice should she follow?
D) Relate new material to what older adults have already learned by drawing on their experiences.
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