Food and Health Vocabulary

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Water, Food, Energy Nexus
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Terms in this set (30)
Water, Food, Energy Nexus
deals with the linkages and interconnection of water, food, and energy and how they all affect each other
water borne diseases
illnesses that spread through drinking contaminated water
water footprint
measure of how much water is used in certain human activities, such as producing food
vector-borne diseases
illnesses caused by parasites, viruses, and bacteria
scale
a way of organizing different spatial areas (Example: international scale involves several countries, while global scale involves several areas within one country)
food security
having access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet dietary needs for an active and healthy lifestyle.
Food Security Index
considers affordability, availability, and quality of food in countries. Based on 28 indictors that measure food insecurity.
Hunger Index
measures rate of hunger in a country. based on the levels of undernourishment , child wasting, child stunting, and child mortality.
Malnutrition
lack of proper nutrition
nutrition transition
The combination of changes in diet toward energy-dense foods (high in calories, fat, and sugar) and declines in physical activity.
Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE)
the number of years of healthy life expected, on average, in a given population
Infant mortality
Number of infant deaths per thousand live births.
maternal mortality
number of women who die due to pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100,000 live births
Epidemiological Transition
The process of change in the distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition model (diseases of poverty such as cholera to diseases of affluence such as asthma and other chronic, non-communicable diseases)
World Health Organization (WHO)
A specialized agency of the UN that is concerned with international public health