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Lifespand Development Chapter 19
Terms in this set (53)
Most people in the developed world __________.
D) die in hospitals or nursing homes, where doctors and nurses attend their last moments
In the days or hours before death, __________.
C) the hands and feet feel cool
Terminally ill Ms. Padgett has a buildup of fluid in her throat, which is causing a rattled breathing sound. As her heartbeat disintegrates, her muscles spasm and she gasps. Ms. Padgett is experiencing which phase of death?
C) the agonal phase
During which stage of death does the individual pass into permanent death?
Following Mr. Fernandez's automobile accident, the doctor informs his family that there has been an irreversible cessation of all activity in the brain and the brain stem. Mr. Fernandez has experienced __________.
C) brain death
Biyu was in a skiing accident. She suffered traumatic head injuries when she came in contact with a tree. Biyu's cerebral cortex no longer registers electrical activity, but her brain stem remains active. Biyu __________.
C) has entered a persistent vegetative state
Nurse Elena wants to do all she can to help her terminally ill patients. She can accomplish this by __________.
C) helping her patients learn enough about their condition to make reasoned choices about whether to fight on or end treatment
Walter states that the thought of never feeling anything again after he dies upsets him. He is also frightened by the total isolation of death. Walter is experiencing __________.
D) death anxiety
Which individual will likely experience the lowest level of death anxiety?
C) Houston, who has a participatory perspective of death and dying
Mr. Grisham believes that he will continue to live on through his children or through his work or personal influence. Mr. Grisham has developed __________.
D) symbolic immortality
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross's theory __________.
C) has been heavily criticized
After Mrs. Booker was diagnosed with a terminal illness, she decided to consult with multiple specialists. According to Kübler-Ross, this decision is consistent with which of the five typical responses to the prospect of death?
Mr. Frankel is dying. According to Kübler-Ross, Mr. Frankel's recognition that time is short and that he will not have a chance to do all he wants to do may promote which of the five typical responses to the prospect of death?
. Ernestine is despondent about the impending loss of her life. She is experiencing which of Kübler-Ross's typical responses to the prospect of death?
Most terminally ill people who reach Kübler-Ross's acceptance stage __________.
D) disengage from all but a few family members
The most serious drawback to Kübler-Ross's theory of dying is that it __________.
A) looks at dying patients' thoughts and feelings outside the contexts that give them meaning
Before Mr. Ortega died, he was able to restore his relationship with his brother. Because of this, Mr. Ortega's death made sense in terms of his pattern of living and values. He experienced a(n) __________ death
Mrs. Lewandowski is dying. She says, "I feel like I'm watching a ticking time bomb ... like there is no future." Mrs. Lewandowski regards dying as __________.
Yu is terminally ill. He says, "I was not ready to live until I was ready to die. This life is a lot better than the one before." Yu regards dying as __________.
D) a mandate to live more fully
While her mother lay dying, she told Marie, "I'm not afraid. I've read as much as I can about my disease, and I realize that I can handle anything." Marie's mother views dying as __________.
B) part of life's journey
Dale regards dying as an experience to be transformed so as to make it more bearable. Which statement is most likely Dale's?
A) "In my mind, I'm Harry Potter in the forbidden forest, waiting to meet Voldemort."
Dying patients who __________ are more anxious about impending death.
C) feel they have much unfinished business to attend to
Once patients near death stop expressing hope, those close to them __________.
C) must accept this
Banko believes that all physical and mental states are transient and that it is possible for a dying person to attain a state in which there is no suffering, desire, or sense of self. Banko is likely __________.
Kiri is a member of the Maori of New Zealand. As she lies dying, the older adults, clergy, and experts in tribal customs will probably __________.
A) conduct a karakia ceremony
In the United States, home deaths __________.
D) have increased over the past two decades
Mr. Willet had a sudden heart attack. He died in a hospital emergency room. The staff was very busy and had little time for contact with his family. Mr. Willet's family members may need __________.
D) crisis intervention services
If Darnell is like most terminal cancer patients, he will die __________.
C) in a general or specialized cancer-care hospital unit
Palliative care __________.
A) relieves pain and other symptoms rather than prolonging life
Which statement is true about hospice care?
C) Follow-up bereavement services are typically offered to families in the year after a death.
Evidence shows that music therapy can __________.
B) reduce pain
Which statement is true about the right to die in the United States?
) Heated debate persists over how to handle the diverse circumstances in which patients and family members make requests to end treatment.
At the patient's request, Dr. Abbott turns off the respirator of a patient who cannot breathe independently. Dr. Abbott's end-of-life treatment is __________.
A) widely practiced as part of ordinary medical procedure
When Gilbert and Jodi reached retirement age, they each wrote statements of desired medical treatment should they become incurably ill. These documents __________.
B) are advance medical directives
Warner signed a document stating, "I hereby appoint my brother, Thaddeus, as my attorney-in-fact to act for me and in my name to make any and all decisions for me concerning my personal care, medical treatment, and hospitalization." This document is __________.
A) subject to probate
D) a durable power of attorney for health care
Dr. Summers helps terminally ill patients take their own lives by enabling the patients to swallow or inject a lethal dose of drugs. Dr. Summers practices __________.
B) medical aid-in-dying
Which factor is among Oregon patients' most frequently expressed reasons for requesting medical aid-in-dying?
D) loss of autonomy
In the United States and other Western nations, when doctors engage in voluntary euthanasia with patients near death and suffering profoundly, __________.
D) judges are usually lenient, granting suspended sentences or probation
Bereavement is __________.
B) the experience of losing a loved one by death
Cherry's father recently died. Her experience of losing him is __________.
When Mr. Bergman's wife died, his family members and friends dressed in black, attended a funeral, and participated in a burial service. Mr. Bergman covered all the mirrors in his house with black cloths. This set of culturally specified expressions of thoughts and feelings is __________.
Following the death of his wife, Hyo experienced severe, prolonged distress, depression, and lack of acceptance of the death that persisted for years. Hyo experienced __________.
D) complicated grief
After grievers accept the reality of their loss, they __________.
B) must work through the pain of grief
Which statement is true about the dual-process model of coping with loss
D) Effective coping requires people to oscillate between dealing with the emotional consequences of loss and attending to life changes.
Veronica spent three years fighting cancer before dying. As a result of her prolonged death, her husband, Nelson, prepared emotionally for it and acknowledged that the loss was inevitable. Nelson engaged in __________.
D) anticipatory grieving
Following prolonged dying, survivors may __________.
B) be vulnerable to persistent anxiety due to long-term stressors
Which statement is true about survivors grieving a suicidal loss?
C) Recovery from their grief is typically prolonged.
Which statement is true about parents grieving the loss of a child?
C) Risk of marital breakup following the loss of a child tends to strengthen over time.
Which statement is true about children grieving the loss of a parent or sibling?
B) Many children say they actively maintain mental contact with their dead parent or sibling.
Grief-stricken teenagers are __________.
C) more likely than school-age children to become depressed or to act out
Geraldine's husband died two years ago, just after she turned 81. Which statement is most likely true?
C) After a period of intense grieving, Geraldine is faring well.
When Suzanne, Billie Jo's partner of 20 years, was dying, Suzanne's family barred Billie Jo from the hospital. And when Suzanne died, they prevented Billie Jo from attending the funeral. Consequently, Billie Jo may experience __________.
B) disenfranchised grief
Isabella's mother died in May, her father in July, and her sister in November. Isabella is at risk for __________.
C) bereavement overload
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