Unit 5. Human Development and Diversity

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UN Sustainable Development Goals
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Terms in this set (16)
UN Sustainable Development Goals
a blueprint to achieve a high level of human development by 2030, addressing global challenges including poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace and justice.
Human Development Index
a composite measure of development through three aspects: life expectancy, education index, and standard of living.
Gender Inequality Index
measures gender inequalities in three aspects of human development: reproductive health, empowerment, and economic status, and indicates differences in the distribution of achievements between women and men.
Affirmative Action
An economic policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group. It is sometimes described as positive discrimination.
Social entrepreneurship
an approach by individuals, groups, start-up companies or entrepreneurs, in which they develop, fund and implement solutions to social, cultural, or environmental issues.
Microfinance
This is the provision of loans and other financial services, such as insurance, to poor individuals. These organizations help people in underprivileged community's access money they need to start businesses or buy homes when they cannot get finance through a traditional bank.
Fair Trade
trade that attempts to be socially, economically and environmentally responsible. Where companies take responsibility for the wider impact of their business.
Corporate Social responsibility
refers to the attempts of companies to assess the social, economic and environmental impacts of their activities, and take action to reduce these impacts if necessary.
Cultural diffusion
The spread of cultural traits and ideas, from their place of origin to other regions, groups or nations.
Cultural imperialism
The practice of promoting the culture or language of one nation in another. It is usually the case that the former is a large, economically or military powerful nation and the latter is a smaller, less affluent one.
Cultural hybridity
This is a contested view of the effect of globalization on cultures and how traces of other traditions and cultures exist in different societies or cultures.
Glocalization
A term that was invented in order to emphasize that the globalization of a product is more likely to succeed when the product or service is adapted specifically to each locality or culture it is marketed in. The increasing presence of McDonald's restaurants worldwide is an example of globalization, while the restaurant chain's menu changes in an attempt to appeal to local tastes are an example of this.
Diaspora
The forced or voluntary dispersal of any population sharing a common racial, ethnic, or cultural identity, after leaving their settled territory and migrating to new areas.
Civil society
There is no one accepted definition, but it is usually used to refer to the unforced social relationships and organizations that feature in societies that work in the area between the household, the private sector and the state to negotiate matters of public concern. It often includes organizations such as trade unions, non-government organizations and community groups.
Protectionism
This refers to government actions and policies that restrict international trade with the intent of protecting local businesses and jobs from competition.