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Unit 1 - pain manage
Terms in this set (20)
Which of the following describes a myofascial trigger point?
a. A point in the muscle at which a reflex can be elicited
b. A transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
c. A painful area of sustained muscle contraction that cannot easily self-release
d. A technique where needles are used to pierce the skin at certain points to bring about a physiologic change to treat or prevent disease
A painful area of sustained muscle contraction that cannot easily self-release
What describes "wind-up"?
The perceived increase in pain intensity with time when a given painful stimulus is delivered repeatedly in excess of a critical rate
Which of the following is an example of an opioid agonist?
Prostaglandins play an important role in:
Mammalian renal physiology
Which of the following classes of dogs would include gabapentin?
b. Sodium channel blockers
What is the correct sequence of steps to the pain pathway?
Transduction, transmission, modulation, perception
Which of the following statements can apply to an intratesticular block?
a. Intratesticular blocks can only be used in large animal patients
b. Intratesticular blocks can be used in canine and feline orchiectomies
c. Intratesticular blocks require the use of a vaporizer
d. Intratesticular blocks should never been performed on veterinary patients
Intratesticular blocks can be used in canine and feline orchiectomies
What are three examples that are all considered chronic pain disease?
Osteoarthritis, IVDD, cancer
Which of the following is an NMDA antagonist medication?
An example of an agent that is only administered topically and provides analgesia is:
When a veterinary technician is trying to distinguish pain from dysphoria, which of the following would the technician do?
a. Place the patient on comfortable blankets
b. Speak in low tones and interacting with the animal makes the patient feel better, but behaviors resume when interaction stops
c. Move the animal to a different ward
d. Reverse the analgesic medication
Speak in low tones and interacting with the animal makes the patient feel better, but behaviors resume when interaction stops
Nociception is defined as:
The activity in the peripheral pathway that transmits and processes information about the stimulus to the brain
During hospitalization, how often should a pain assessment be performed?
Every 4-6 hrs
Many veterinary technicians are asked to calculate and administer constant rate infusions, as patients can benefit immensely. Which of the following statements is not a benefit of a CRI?
a. CRIs provide a more stable plane of analgesia with less incidence of breakthrough pain
b. CRIs provide greater control over drug administration
c. CRIs allow a lower dose of drug to be delivered at any given time, resulting in a lower incidence of dose-related side effects
d. CRIs allow the veterinary technician to leave the practice for the evening while administrating medication continuously
CRIs allow the veterinary technician to leave the practice for the evening while administrating medication continuously
What characteristics do cats exhibit when they are experiencing pain?
Resentment of being handled, aggression and abnormal posture
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