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Chapter 7 The respiratory system
Terms in this set (60)
Small, grapelike clusters found at the end of each bronchiole. This is where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
the absence of oxygen from the body's tissues and organs even though there is an adequate flow of blood.
medication administered to prevent or relieve coughing
the loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds
caused by asbestos particles in the lungs and usually occurs after working with asbestos
the loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cannot get the oxygen it needs to function
a chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes, often triggered by an allergic reaction.
the incomplete expansion of part or all of a lung due to a blockage of the air passages or pneumothorax.
an abnormally slow rate of respiration usually of less than 10 breaths per minute
inhaled medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs.
an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi
the visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope
a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut
an irregular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slower respiration or apnea
an acute respiratory infection in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and swelling around the vocal cords resulting in a barking cough and stridor.
a bluish discoloration of the skin resulting from poor circulation or inadequate oxygenation of the blood.
a life threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucous.
1. an acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract.
difficulty in speaking, which may include any impairment in vocal quality, including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boy's voice during puberty.
shortness of breath, difficult labored breathing
the progressive, long-term loss of lung function, usually due to smoking.
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway
bleeding from the nose
the expectoration of blood or blood-stained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
a collection of blood in the pleural cavity
the abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood.
commonly associated with exertion, is breathing that is deeper and more rapid than is normal at rest.
shallow or slow respiration
1. the condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood, usually due to respiratory disorder or heart conditions.
1. the condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body's tissues and organs.
surgical removal of the larynx
inflammation of the larynx
the visual examination of the larynx and vocal cords using flexible or rigid laryngoscope inserted through the mouth.
the sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx
the middle section of the chest cavity and is located between the lungs. Contains connective tissue and organs including the heart and its veins and arteries, the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, the thymus gland, and lymph nodes.
an electronic device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a mist, which is then inhaled by the patient via a facemask or mouthpiece
A physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the head and neck.
whooping cough; highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis
inflammation of the pharynx
thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages
an inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath
a sharp pain that occurs when the inflamed membranes rub against each other with each inhalation
any fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs after prolonged environmental or occupational contact
the surgical removal of all or part of a lung
An inflammation of lung tissue, where the alveoli in the affected areas fill w/fluid
the accumulation of air in the pleural space resulting in a pressure imbalance that causes the lung to fully or partially collapse.
also known as a sleep study. Measures physiological activity during sleep and is often performed to detect nocturnal defects in breathing associated with sleep apnea
a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the respiratory system
an external monitor placed on the patient's finger or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood
the presence of pus in the pleural cavity between the layers of the pleural membrane
inflammation of the sinuses
potentially serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep for periods long enough to cause a measurable decrease in blood oxygen levels.
An instrument for measuring the air entering and leaving the lungs.
the surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity
a surgical incision into the chest walls to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment.
surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck
a procedure in which an incision is made into a trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage.
An infectious disease that may affect almost all tissues of the body, especially the lungs
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