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Adolescent Development Midterm
Terms in this set (42)
a period of growth between childhood and adulthood
only includes individuals in the teen years (13-19)
anyone who is not yet considered an adult in the eyes of the law
a helper (who is more skilled) provides assistance and gradually withdraws it as the child is able to complete the task alone. Helps facilitate learning
Zone of Proximal Development
learning is best when tasks are just beyond a child's grasp, but not to the point where they are overwhelmed
Albert Bandura's Social Learning Theory
we learn by observing others. children specifically learn by watching others and then imitating them.
Biological Basis of Sexual Orientation
supported more and more by research
What are some difficulties teens can face due to homophobia?
bullying, loneliness, discrimination
Who do teens disclose to first that they are gay?
same sex friend
then mom, then dad
What are the "raging hormones" for males and females?
androgens for males and estrogen and progesterone for females
Side effects of taking steroids
they can stop growing because too much male hormones shut down the human growth hormone.
emotional problems such as mood swings, depression, anxiety, and rage
Out of the groups of off-time maturing adolescents, which group seem to have the easiest time?
early maturing boys
Those who mature on time seem to have the easiest time
feeling like the world revolves around you. Self-consciousness
Messianic Complex - They feel they are very essential to changing the fate humankind.
Champions of the underdog- emotional baggage, sticking up for certain groups of people, feel that their arguments do more than actually doing something about it
Acting one way and saying something else- for adolescents it is the belief that you can express your morals verbally, but not have to follow through with actions
Not really stupid, but it can look that way.
Overanalyzing is why we do it.
Adolescents' belief that others are constantly paying attention to you. OBSERVATION
Adolescents' belief that they are invulnerable and that their feelings are unique and special.
"No one is like me." "No one understands me."
Information Processing Approach
emphasis on a gradual change in cognitive development, no stages
How does the information processing approach differ from Piaget?
there are gradual changes in cognitive development, no stages
Gardener's Theory about Multiple Intelligences
interpersonal (with people)
using measurement and tests
What are some reasons behind adolescent risk taking behavior?
Reasons for delinquency: Environmental, interpersonal, and personal causes
environmental: neighborhood, community, poverty, high crime areas, gang, drugs
interpersonal: family, friends, siblings, peers, family troubles, role models of aggression
Personal: personality traits, conduct disorder, traits that predispose one to antisocial behavior
Aggression to people or animals
-often bullies, threatens, or intimidates others
-often initiates physical fights
-physically cruel to people and to animals
-stealing while confronting a victim
-forced sexual activity of others
Destruction of Property
-Fire setting (with the intention to damage property)
-deliberately destroying other's property
Deceitfulness and Theft
-broken into houses/cars
-Lies to obtain favors or to avoid things (cons)
-Stealing items of non-value
Serious violations of rules
-often stays out at night (before age 13 also)
-Truant from school
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
-often loses temper
-often argue with adults
-often defy or refuse to comply with adult's request
-spiteful or vindictive (tries to deliberately annoy)
-angry and resentful
-often touchy or easily annoyed
(Failure to accept blame)
Precipitating Conditions for Suicide
-The loss of a close friend or family member
-Other significant loss - home, status, etc.
-A long-standing, but recently exacerbated
-Feelings of worthlessness
Signs that Suicide may be imminent
-Talking about committing suicide
-Depression that disappears for no reason
-Lack of interest in formerly enjoyed activities
-Deteriorating physical appearance
-Self-abusive, self-injurious behavior
-Explicit or veiled statements that the person is going to die or go away
-Preparation of a will or verbal statements giving away possessions
-Sentimental visits to favorite places
-Acquisition of lethal means (guns, pills, etc.)
For up to eight points extra credit, list eight facts about dating abuse
- rates of dating abuse is similar in boys and girls
- approx. 1 in 6 highschoolers report being the victim of physical dating violence
- males are more likely to be shoved, kicked or punched
- girls are more likely to be forced to have sex
- more are more likely to initiate violence due to anger or jealousy
- girls are more likely to engage in violence because they want to get back at the boy for hurting them emotionally
- male victims are likely to have been in fights or carried a weapon suggesting that they have a history of violence
- female victims are likely to have a history of binge drinking or drugs
- after dating violence girls exhibited higher rates of depression
- although rates are similar for boys and girls, boys seem to be less effected by dating abuse
G. Stanley Hall
The father of adolescent psychology. he was the first person to study adolescence theoretically. he wrote a book that is considered by many to be the first serious work on adolescence.
really mean to leave
Leave on the spur of the moment
Half of all transient runaways return in two days
Reasons teens runaway
Deserted by parents (divorce/death)
Thrown out by parents
Adolescents who have been told to leave home.
Ways you can help a suicidal person
Don't be afraid to ask
Get help quickly
Does he/she have a plan?
Can he/she achieve that plan?
Don't trivialize or compare
On a scale of 1 to 10
Don't leave him/her alone
Keep him/her talking
Get rid of lethal means if possible
Suicide is a permanent solution to a temporary problem (hopelessness)
Who is important enough to him/her to prevent him/her from following through with his/her plan?
G Stanley Hall's theory
after going thru infancy, childhood, and preadolescence, adolescence go thru a period of storm and stress (sturm und drag) he believed adolescence was a turbulent period. adolescents are on an emotional roller coaster. This lasts until the early twenties. he believed this was genetically based and everyone went thru it.
What are the three body-types identified in your book for teenage girls?
ectomorphs, endomorphs, mesomorphs
What body type do teenage girls wish to have
most teenage girls want to be ectomporphs
tall, thin, narrow, with slender, boney, lanky build
soft, round, think, heavy trunks and limbs and a wrestler type build
in between ecto and endo....square, strong, well muscled bodies, medium length limbs and wide shoulders. athletic build.
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