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100 terms

Penndale ninth Grade English Final Vocab 2010-11

STUDY
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augment
(v.) to make larger, increase
fortitude
(n.) courage in facing difficulties
reiterate
(v.) to say again, repeat
unkempt
(adj.) not combed; untidy; not properly maintained; unpolished, rude
warily
(adv.) cautiously, with great care
adroit
(adj.) skillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind
belligerent
(adj.) given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive; (n.) one at war, one engaged in war
benevolent
(adj.) kindly, charitable
cursory
(adj.) hasty, not thorough
feasible
(adj.) possible, able to be done
impetus
(n.) a moving force, impulse, stimulus
meticulous
(adj.) extremely careful; particular about details
nostalgia
(n.) a longing for something past; homesickness
quintessence
(n.) the purest essence or form of something; the most typical example
scrutinize
(v.) to examine closely
adversary
(n.) an enemy, opponent
alienate
(v.) to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey
coerce
(v.) to compel, force
exhilarate
(v.) to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to
harass
(v.) to disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacks
negligible
(adj.) so unimportant that it can be disregarded
perpetuate
(v.) to make permanent or long lasting
precedent
(n.) an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action
punitive
(adj.) inflicting or aiming at punishment
ascertain
(v.) to find out
bequeath
(v.) to give or pass on as an inheritance
converge
(v.) to move toward one point, approach nearer together
expunge
(v.) to erase, obliterate, destroy
malevolent
(adj.) spiteful, showing ill will
panacea
(n.) a remedy for all ills; cure-all; an answer to all problems
supercilious
(adj.) proud and contemptuous; showing scorn because of a feeling of superiority
uncanny
(adj.) strange, mysterious, weird, beyond explanation
benefactor
(n.) one who does good to others
chivalrous
(adj.) marked by honor, courtesy, and courage; knightly
clemency
(n.) mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness
infallible
(adj.) free from error; absolutely dependable
pungent
(adj.) causing a sharp sensation; stinging, biting
remiss
(adj.) neglectful in performance of one's duty, careless
repose
(v.) to rest; lie; place; (n.) relaxation, peace of mind, calmness
comprise
(v.) to include or contain; to be made up of
explicit
(adj.) definite, clearly stated
inopportune
(adj.) coming at a bad time; not appropriate
rampant
(adj.) growing without check, running wild
solace
(n.) comfort, relief; (v.) to comfort, console
abhor
(v.) to regard with horror or loathing; to hate deeply
chaos
(n.) great confusion, disorder
implicate
(v.) to involve in; to connect with or be related to
reprehensible
(adj.) deserving blame or punishment
squalid
(adj.) filthy, wretched, debased
decrepit
(adj.) old and feeble; worn-out, ruined
ingenuous
(adj.) innocent, simple; frank, sincere
quandary
(n.) a state of perplexity or doubt
recalcitrant
(adj.) stubbornly disobedient, resisting authority
revel
(v.) to take great pleasure in; (n.) a wild celebration
capricious
(adj.) subject to whims or passing fancies
deviate
(v.) to turn aside; to stray from a norm; (n.) one who departs from a norm; (adj.) differing from a norm, heterodox, unconventional
exult
(v.) to rejoice greatly
omnipotent
(adj.) almighty, having unlimited power or authority
poignant
(adj.) deeply affecting, touching; keen or sharp in taste or smell
acquiesce
(v.) to accept without protest; to agree or submit
contentious
(adj.) quarrelsome, inclined to argue
covet
(v.) to desire something belonging to another
disheveled
(adj.) rumpled, mussed; hanging in disorder
lamentable
(adj.) to be regretted or pitied
misnomer
(n.) an unsuitable or misleading name
allude
(v.) to refer to casually or indirectly
exemplary
(adj.) worthy of imitation, commendable; serving as a model
fathom
(v.) to understand, get to the bottom of; to determine the depth of; (n.) a measure of depth in water
guile
(n.) treacherous cunning, deceit
misconstrue
(v.) to interpret wrongly, mistake the meaning of
placid
(adj.) calm, peaceful
plagiarism
(n.) passing off or using as one's own the writing (or other materials) of another person
pretext
(n.) a false reason, deceptive excuse
acrid
(adj.) harsh in taste or odor; sharp in manner or temper
elated
(adj., part.) in high spirits, jubilant; extremely pleased
indulgent
(adj.) yielding to the wishes or demands of others
tangible
(adj.) capable of being touched; real, concrete
antipathy
(n.) a strong dislike, hostile feeling
compassion
(n.) sympathy for another's suffering; pity
decorum
(n.) proper behavior, good taste; orderliness
exuberant
(adj.) high-spirited, enthusiastic, unrestrained; excessive, abundant
implacable
(adj.) not to be satisfied or pacified; unyielding
innocuous
(adj.) harmless, inoffensive; insignificant
mandatory
(adj.) required, obligatory
sedate
(adj.) quiet, settled, sober; (v.) to administer a tranquilizer
stipulate
(v.) to arrange specifically; to require as a condition of agreement
alacrity
(n.) a cheerful readiness; brisk and eager action
antithesis
(n.) the direct opposite, a sharp contrast
disparage
(v.) to belittle, speak slightingly of; to undervalue
droll
(adj.) amusingly odd
magnanimous
(adj.) generous in forgiving, above small meanness
rescind
(v.) to repeal, cancel
vivacious
(adj.) lively, sprightly, full of energy
acclimate
(v.) to adapt to a new climate, environment, or situation
complacent
(adj.) self-satisfied; overly content
concur
(v.) to express agreement, approve
defamation
(n.) slander or libel
grotesque
(adj.) unnatural, distorted; bizarre
renounce
(v.) to give up or resign something
zealous
(adj.) eager, earnest, devoted