YES SOME ARE BACKWARDS. Just do one half, then the other flipped around.
Year Communist Party took power in China
Government creates "one-child policy"
Little Emperors and aborted female fetuses
One-child policy created
Oldest written language (2,000 years)
Main Ethnic Group of China and percent
Tibetans, Mongols, Uyghur
Minorities of China
Women had more or less rights/ opportunities than others in develping nations?
Before 1949, what % of China was literate?
Now, what % of China is literate
What % of high school students go to college
Between 1998 and 2005 China increased # of students to what?
Today there is more or less indoctrination of Communist ideals?
Which CCP boss began the economic liberalization?
Special Economic Zones
General names for cities (mini- Hong Kongs) where capitalism is legal
What % of the Chinese economic system is Mixed free-market?
What % of the Chinese economic system is controlled by the government?
China joined the World Trade Organization in what year?
China is heavily dependant on what for its economy?
What is China's currency?
it is undervalued
What is special about Chinese currency?
Allows Chinese goods to be very Cheap, but makes it harder to sell foriegn goods to China
What does undervaluing Chinese currency do?
Unemployment,Class inequality, Urban East vs. Rural West, Disputes over Private Property, Crime Corruption,Environmental Degradation, Rising HIV/AIDs rates (over 20 mil. by 2010)
Problems resulting form Economic reforms
When was innocent until proven guitly introduced in Chinese criminal law?
% of accused on trial that are found guilty
CCP used force to crush what student uprising?
60 million (5% of pop)
CCP (Chinese Communist Party) has how many members?
Workers, Peasants, Intellectuals and Capitalists
Since 2001, CCP has focused on what three categories of people?
The media is in what state of freedom?
Who was the first president to visit China since 1949?
When did the first president since 1949 visit China?
Modernize military, Taiwan, secure resources, Keep North Korea under control, Continue to expand economy
China's foreign policy issues
Japan has been incredibly (successful/poor) at reinventing itself after the disaster of WWII.
Japan has always been resource (rich/poor).
True or False: Japan and the USA did not become close economically and politically after the war
Jumpstart economy, protected from Communism
2 ways the USA helped Japan after WWII
Until the 1990s, Japanese workers were paid (more/less) than workers in Europe and America, but now this is reversed.
True or False: High cost of living in Japan has reduced buying power
Has Japan's family size increased or decreased?
Name a company the Japanese moved to America
The average Japanese worker works ____ more hours a week than the average American worker
1) Better infrastructure after WWII 2) USA aid during Cold War 3) Government assistance to business 4) Export Economic Strategy 5) Weak Labor Unions 6) Lifetime Employment 7) Hard Work = High Savings 8) Low military and welfare spending 9) Stable family structure 10) Huge investment in education
Factors that have led to Central America's poverty
USA and USSR
Two countries who have a long tradition of "activity" in Central America
Cuba, Jamaica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, and Barbados
Key Nations in the Carribean
Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Virgin Islands, Bahamas, and Puerto Rico
Wealthiest Nations in the Carribean
Haiti, Dominican Republic, Guadalupe, Cuba, and Jamaica
Poorest Nations in the Carribean
Refers to Afro-Engliish, Dutch, and French Islands. Does NOT refer to Spanish islands.
A regional free trade community in the Carribean formed in 1973 by 15 nations
Heavier African influence and fewer remaining natives
Differences between Spanish cultured islands and nations of Cental America
The majority of Carribean peoples are of this descent
True or False: Racial tensions are never far below the surface in the Carribean
East Indian and Chinese
2 ethnic groups facing racial tension in Carribean
Communist nation that is culturall similar to Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, but has failed to spread communism to other islands
One island Cuba did manage to export Communism to
High Birth Rates and Poverty
2 factors leading to many Carribean peoples emmigrating to the USA, Canada, and Great Britain
When the best and brightest of Latin American families emigrate to the United States, but do not return home
Many islands rely on ___________ to remain economically viable.
Hurricanes and Global Warming
2 environmental challenges the Carribean faces
Cricket and Soccer
2 popular sports on the British islands
Most popular sport on Spanish speaking islands
Brazil, Agentina, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, and Peru
Key Nations of South America
Chile, Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay
Wealthiest Nations of South America
Bolivia and Ecuador
Poorest Nations of South America
Earthquakes, Mudslides, Drought, Tidal Waves, Volcanes, and Landslides
Natural Disasters faced by South America
Which part of South America is wealthier: The North or the South?
Topography and diveristy have caused _______ and _______ cooperation to be difficult.
Mestizos, Native Indian, White, and Brazilian
4 Dominant Ethnic Groups of South America
Most prominent relgion in South America
Evangelical and Charismatic Protestant
2 growing religious groups in South America
Many African descendants live in ________ and ________, which are both culturally like the Carribean.
In the early 20th century, there was a major influx of _________ and ________ to Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay.
True or False: In the last 30 years, millions of poor people have moved from the city to the country
Villa miseria barrios
A form of shanty town or slum found mostly around the largest urban settlements.
Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin
2 national heroes of South America
True or False: Many nations share a common history from Spanish colonization and the Wars of Independence
True or False: Like the USA, South America has developed a strong sense of continental unity
Mexico and Brazil
2 economic and political powerhouses of Latin America
Second great "regional" power behind Brazil
Vies for influence in South America due to its vast oil resources
Percent of arable land in Mexico
Largest City in the Western Hemisphere
Number of people in Mexico City
Worst pollution and traffic congestion of any city in the Western Hemisphere
60% of the population of Mexico is of this ethnicity
True or False: Mexico has seen an increase in the popularity of the English language and American culture
Means sponsorship, cultural practice to build economic and social alliances and assistance. Most sponsors are neighbors, relatives, coworkers, or employers.
Work and Money
Why most Mexicans come to the USA
Number of illegal Mexicans in the USA
Amount of money Mexican workers in the USA send back to Mexico every year
NAFTA created assembly plants
1994-2004: This group of native indians in Chiapas State revolt, issues still unresolved
Before 1910, ________ were in control. Today, most peoples are _________.
Revolution of 1910-1917
This revolution failed to create a more equal society in Mexico, but did improve most things for the middle class
PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party)
Dominant political party in Mexico, ran the government from 1929-2000
CTM (Confederation of Mexican Workers)
Labor union made up of 3.5 million workers
1) Subsistence Farmers 2) Loss of jobs to China and other Cental American Countries 3) NAFTA helped wealthy and middle class, not the poor
Economic Problems Mexico Faces
Number of poor people in Mexico
Number of people in extreme poverty in Mexico
Richest 20% in Mexico control ______% of the money
Poorest 20% in Mexico control ______% of the money
Country in South America that boasts the largest population and economy
Lula da Silva
Former President of Brazil
44 hour work week, day care centers, paid vacations, and maternity leave
Worker's Rights in Brazil
_______% of women use birth control, but Brazil has the second highest number of _________
5 to 3.3
Family size in Brazil has shrunk from _____ to _____
This gender is a victim to high abuse rates
Percent of children in Brazil who work full time
Soccer is also known as this, meaning "The Beautiful Game"
Number of Native Indians living in Brazil
Region of Brazil that suffers most from deforestation and from gold prospectors
True or False: Brazil burns down enoug rain forest every year equal to the size of Kansas
Family, Prestige, Machismo, Marianismo, Leisure and Time, and Authoritarianism/Paternalism
6 Themes of Latin America
The "fortress" against misery and a source of power
Latin peoples believe in impressing one another, no matter how menial the task
Manliness. Comes with virlity, honor, dignity, and generosity
Womaness. Comes with spirituality, morality, motherhood, and sensuality
Leisure and Time
Latin peoples believe work is a necessary evil, leisure is a goal, and in the real "power" lunch break
Comes from old divide between creoles, mestizos, and natives
Conquistadors and the Church
The first peoples to come over to Latin America
Who mainly came over to Latin America: Men or Women?
Race and Ethnicity, based on mix of bloods
America puts people into 2 groups, black and white. Latin America separates people by __________.
True or False: Latin America had more people intermarrying and different bloods having children, so identifying by skin color did not work for them.
Peninsulares and Creoles, Mestizos and Mulatos
Spanish people today are mainly ______ and ________, while Mexicans are more ________ and ________.
Merengue, Mambo, Rumba, Son, and Salsa
Types of Music in the Spanish Caribbean
Calyspo, Steel Pan, Soca, Reggae
Types of Music in the Anglo Carribean
Year the Mexican Drug War began
President of Mexco who mobilized 45,000 troops to "go to war" with drug gangs
Number of deaths involved with the Mexican Drug War since 2006
Replaced Colombian drug gangs in the 1990s as responsible for cocaine distribution in the USA
Amount of money cocaine distribution makes a year
Over the course of the drug war, how many tons of cocaine have been seized?
Over the course of the drug war, how many people have been arrested?
Over the course of the drug war, how many weapons have been seized?
Over the course of the drug war, how much money has been seized?
1) Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua State 2) Tijuana, Baja State 3) Culiacan, Sinaloa State
3 most violent states and cities
Which is stronger in Mexico: State government or Federal government?
Cost of the Drug War per Year
Amount of money the USA donates to the Mexican government each year to fight the drug cartels
Smuggling and Kidnapping
2 other crimes that have seen growth since the start of the Drug War
European and Asian
2 markets that have seen growth in drugs since the start of the Drug War
True or False: States near the border are known for their strict gun control, making it hard for Mexicans to get guns from America
Leader: Joaquin Guzman Founded: 1970s Main Activity: Cocaine Allies: La Familia Michocana Rivals: Juarez, Tijuana, Beltran-Leyva
Leader: VIncente Camillo Fuentes Founded: 1970s Main Activities: Kidnapping, Cocaine, Extortion Rivals: Gulf and Sinaloa
Leaders: Arellano Felix Brothers Founded: 1980s Main Activities: Cocaine, Bribery, Extortion, Contract Murder Allies: Varies Rivals: Sinoa, Gulf, Juarez (Weakest of the Big Three, under the most pressure)
Gulf Cartel-Los Zetas
Leader: Osiel Cardenas and Herberto Lazcano Founded: 1970s-2000s Main Activity: Drug and People Smuggling, Arms Trafficking, and Contract Killing Allies: Beltran-Leyva Rivals: Juarez, Sinoah
Russia wants to annex it, dictator Alexander Lukashenko doesn't want to lose power
Putin was embarrased by "Orange Revolution" of Victor Yushenko over Russian backed opposition, divided between Europe and Russia, now more pro-Russia
unrest between Ukranian, Romanian, and Russian minority groups, has a break-away trans-dniester province
friendly with the USA, annoys putin, helps with the war on terrorism, had a short war in 2008
a christian orthodox nation that hates Azerbaijan, close ally with Russia, border conflict w/ Azerbaijan
an Islamic nation that hates armenia and is a very important source of caspian oil, Russia, USA, and Iran all interested
the most conflict-ridden country, unstable relations between former communists and islamic fundamentalists, conflicts over border with Afghanistan
has a large russian minority group, has former USSR nuclear installations, has abundant natural resources and has ties to Russia, USA, and China, very autocratic
has a very opressive rule by Islam Karimov, close ties iwht Russia and sometimes the USA, worries over islamic fundamentalism here
a close ally of Russia and the USA against the Taliban and terrorism, has a strong islamic culture against autocratic ruler, borders Iran
has close military ties to Russia and USA, both have bases there, has problems with Russian, Uzbek, and Chinese minorites, very ethnically unstable
having problems moving over to capitalism/ privatization
50% of the economy controlled by organized crime, mob is one of the most powerful in world
Bribery/kickbacks common from local to federal level
Poor tax collection
due to corruption
Overdependance on gas and oil
13-15% of all soil has come level of toxic pollutants
huge decrease in size, very low moral and pay, outdated equipment
Anti-semitism, abysmal health care system (lowest life expectancy amoung developed countries), Alcohol and Smoking(account for 80% of deaths), AIDS, Shrinking population
war with islamic fundamenalists, 1994-1996& 1999-now, in caucaus region, conducted well known terrorist attacks in Moscow, Beslan
Economy, Crime, Corruption, Poor tax collection, overdependance on gas and oil, environment, military, social problems, Checnya
List all of Russia's issues
Who resigned on Dec. 31, 1999?
Who replaced Yeltsin?
How does Putin portray himself while using the state-controlled media?
disciplined, organized, tough
How does Putin increase presidential power?
Weakening local governments, restricting the actions of political parties, limit media criticism, increase central government survelliance of the public
With what % turnout, what %of the vote did Putin win the March 2004 election?
Why does he not run for reelection in 2008?
The Russian consitution prohibits it.
Who does Putin select to replace himself?
What role does Putin currently play in the government?
When is Putin allowed to run again for President?
Who was killed for writing an article about corrupt government and buisness leaders in <i>Forbes Russia</i>?
Who was killed for writing an article criticizing Russia for its tactics in the Chechen war?
Which Ukrainian political official survived a poisoning attempt?
Who was poisoned with a rare radioactive material in London for writing a book that would tie high ranking officials to organized crime?
Which Russian billionaire was thrown in jail, with assets seized and sold?
two mountain ranges that divide Europe from Asia
an identity that Europeans have, priding themselves on their sub-national cultures and groups
an assembly of European countries that shows the beginning of a continental identity
the first attempt at unifying Europe during the Roman Empire with the attempt to absorb other cultures into one.
Holy Roman Empire
the second attempt at European unification with Christianity being a deciding feature of being european, involved the crusades
an attempt to unify europe under enlightenment values, but ended when nationalism sprouted from linguistic and cultural differences
attempt to unify europe with race being an identifying feature of identity
World Wars, Holocaust, Cold War
three things that devastated Europe and ocntinue to haunt and shape Europe's global outlook
how europe tends to want to solve problems, involves organizations like the UN, EU, NATO and the Kyoto Treaty
the economic system used by europeans that tends to have a stronger socialist influence than america's does.
Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg formed the European Economic Community (EUC), proclaiming capitalism, democracy, and free market
November 9, 1989
Berlin Wall falls
west and east Germany are unified into one country
the Maastricht Treaty is signed, creating the EU, saying that every member should send representatives to an EU government that creates continental laws
the European Central Bank is created
creation of the Euro, (€) except for Great Britain, which kept the pound.
voters in France and the Netherlands reject the new EU constitution, which was a big blow to the idea of "ever closer union"
turkey begins negotiations to joino the EU, which several nations oppose
Romania and Bulgaria join the EU despite widespread corruption in their governments
the Euro Crisis begins over Greek and Irish debt, which provides a movement back to national identity
Council of Ministers
the most powerful "Congress"-like body in the EU, meets in brussels, and representitives of all EU nations vote and create legislation
the 'engine of integration' in the EU that is dominated by the "Big 5" (France, Germany, Italy, Spain) who each have 2 commissioners, and it deals with executive and legeslative issues
European Court of Justice
each nation sends a Judge for a renewable 6-year-term, hears cases dealing with EU law and policy, deals with local and national conflict
the most democratic and weakest parliament that meets in Brussles and Strasburg with MEPs elected directly by citizens of EU nations
the EU and NATO participeted heavily in the 1st gulf war, especially Great britain and France (date)
Serbs, Croats, and Bosnian ethnic and religious tensions in 1991 and 1992 escalate into conflict which turns into a series of massacres by the Serbs against the Bosnians in Srebrenica
Dayton Peace Accords
ended the conflict between the Serbs and Bosnians after 10,000 Bosnians were killed
when EU and NATO allies send over 10,000 troops into Afghanistan to lead the peacekeeping efforts
two years in which NATO expands to include former Warsaw Pact nations
year that EU became divided over the invasion of Iraq, and the EU prepares to organize its own anti-terrorist RRF of 60,000
Madrid terror bombings
London terror bombings
the EU plays the 'good cop' to the USA's "bad cop" in the conflict with Iran and its nuclear materials
EU and NATO members become worried over the USA's pressure to increase troop levels in Afghanistan
North Africa, Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, former USSR, Asia
6 places that Europe is seeing an increase in immigration from
conservative, anti-immigration party from France
List Pim Fortuyn
the Netherlands conservative, anti immigration party that values traditional Dutch values
National Democratic Party
the German xenophobic conservative group
British National Party
the british conservative anti-immigration party
Jorg Heider's Freedom Party
the austrian conservative anti-immigration party that was the only one that actually came into power
a major problem that immigrants face upon arriving in Europe
a system that Europe is most generous with, provides social services, etc.
European unemployment rate
Germany, Great Britain
want to enlarge Europe
want to keep Europe "small" and "exclusive"
where the US is moving bases to
wanted by the Eastern Europeans, but opposed by Western Europeans
the president of Europe before Putin, was very friendly, open, happy, wanted to make everyone like russia
a former KGB agent named president by Yeltsin
vote in which Putin won 52% of the vote for the first time
type of government that Putin weakened in order to increase his own power
something limited by Putin in order to increase support and popularity
the russian parliament that is dominated by Putin's political party
United Russia Party
Putin's party that dominates the Duma
has been increased by Putin in order to increase his own power, claiming a get-tough policy on the Chechyans
assassinated for articles written criticizing corrupt government and business leaders
killed for articles criticizing Russan government about the Chechnyan war
a Ukranian candidate for prime minister who was pro-europe and lost a corrupted election, and was poisoned at a political dinner, but survived
a russian with ties to organized crime in the government who was poisoned with a highly radioactive substance and died 3 weeks later, blamed putin
year that Putin was not allowed to run for president again, so he named himself prime minister
Putin's former chief of staff who is now president after winning 71% of vote in 2008 election, seen as being an intermission between Putin's terms
an issue that russia faced, is particuarly bad because of the transition to capitalism, unemployment, corruption, poor tax collection
gas and oil
what the russian economy is overdependent on
50% of the Russian economy is controlled by
issue that russia faces involving pollution and soil with toxic pollutants
issue russia faces that involves an enormous collapse in size and influence
submarine that sank in the arctic in 2001, showing outdated Russian equipmjent
percentage of draftees that actually showed up to serve int the army of Russia
social problem in Russia that has caused the leaving of most Jews by 1991
issue with Russian society because it is now expensive and incredibly poor
Alcoholism and Smoking
Russian societal problem that accounts for 80% of the deaths there in some way
small separatist part of Russia that wants an independent nation and has resorted to terrorism
month & year that 700 russian theatergoers were held hostage and 150 were killed with nerve gas-- was covered up
date that there was a suicide bombing in the Moscow underground
date that a school in Belsen were 330 were killed while being held hostage in a school in Russia by the Chechyans
Chechen separist leader killed by Russian special forces in march 2005
country that Russia wants to annex
dictator of Belarus who is denying annexation because of his desire for power
country that is divided between moving to Russia or Europe, but is now pro-Russia because of Yushenko's loss
country that has unrest because of Ukranian, Romanian, and Russian ethnic competitions
province in Ukraine that has become a crime state because of desire for own country
country that is friendly with the USA, which annoys Putin, helps with the war on terrorism, had a short war with Russia in 2008
a Christian Orthodox nation in constant conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region with Azerbaijan, a close ally of Russia
islamic nation that hates armenia, is a very important source of Caspian oil, Russia, USA, and Iran all have interests here
the most conflict-ridden Central Asian state with unstable relations between former communists and islamic fundamentalists, conflicts over border with Afghanistan
has a large Russian minority, close ties to Russia, USA, and China becaue of abundant natural resources, has many former soviet nuclear installations, very autocratic
country with a very repressive rule by Islam Karimov, has close ties with Russia and sometimes the USA, worries over islamic fundamentalism
the autocratic ruler of Uzbekistan
a close ally of Russia and the USA agains the taliban and terrorism, has a strong islamic culturea against an autocratic ruler, borders iran
has close military ties to Russia and the USA who both have bases ther, has problems with Russian, Uzbek, and Chinese minorities, the most ethnically unstable
how europeans believe force should be, mostly because of how the holocaust, and the world wars have shaped its outlook
European Economic Community
formed in 1957 by Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, all pledging capitalism, democracy, and free market
November 8, 1989
day the berlin wall fell
signed in 1992 to create the EU, saying each country should send a representative to the EU govenrment and there will be some international law that should be followed
creation year of the European central bank
creation of the Euro, with the exception of GB who wants the pound for purposes of nationalism
the two countries whose voters decided not to adopt a new EU constitution in 2005
the large islamic country that wants to be a part of the EU, but most nations don't want to admit it
two countries who joined the EU despite corruption in their government
a recent problem (2010) that has driven nations back to independence and nationalism
Council of Ministers
part of the EU that is the rough equivalent of congress, meets in brussels, has representatives of all the EU nations, vote and create legislation
the 'engine of integration' that is dominated by the big 5 (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and England), each with 2 commisioners, deals with executive and legislative issues
European court of Justice
each nation sends a judge for a renewable 6 year term, hears cases dealing with EU law and policy and its conflicts
the most democratic and weakestpart of the EU, meets in brussels and strasburg, members directly elected by the people
a rough equivalent to the Rwandan genocide for the EU, embarassing and messy, they don't intervene with the killing
Dayton Peace Accords
the treaty that solved the Yugoslavian genocide
Conflict and Confrontation
one of the key issued faced by the EU, wondering when to send in troops, how many to send, etc.
North Africa, Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, former USSR
where Europe is seeing an increase in immigration from (5 places)
extremely conservative, anti immigration from France
List Pim Fortuyn
conservative Dutch party that speaks out against the destroying of traditional Dutch values
National Democratic Party
the German conservative and anti immigration party
British National Party
the British xenophobic and anti-immigration party
Jorg Heider's Freedom Party
the only anti-immigration party to actually rule in Europe, in Austria
the conflict that europeans are having trouble paying for- not enough people to pay for the aging
good standard of living
one of the goals of European social welfare, for everyone
increase equality of socioeconomic groups
a goal of the european social welfare, hard becuase it could conflict with capitalism
Eastern European farmers want subsidies, but the west doesn't want to give them as much as western farmers
where US bases are being moved because of this region's support for the iraq war