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PY444 exam 4
Terms in this set (40)
____ describes children who display an age-inappropriate recurrent pattern of stubborn, hostile, and defiant behaviors.
Oppositional defiant disorder
Violations such as running away, setting fires, skipping school, and using drugs and alcohol are referred to as ____.
The siblings of children referred for conduct problems usually ____.
display as much negative behavior as their referred sibling(s)
The tendency to attribute negative intent to others, especially when the actual intentions of the other child are unclear, is referred to as ____.
hostile attribution bias
The ____ theory of depression focuses on parental separation and disruption of a bond as predisposing factors for depression.
Compared to boys' aggression, girls' aggression tends to involve more ____.
relationally aggressive acts
In comparison to youth on the life-course-persistent path, those on the adolescent-limited path ____.
are often being influenced by situational factors, such as their peers
____ describes children who display severe aggressive and antisocial acts involving inflicting pain on others or interfering with others' rights
Depression-prone individuals tend to make ______ attributions for the causes of negative events.
internal, stable, and global
Which of the following occurs more frequently in younger than older individuals?
The most frequent co-occurring disorder(s) in clinic-referred youngsters with major depressive disorder is/are ____.
Which symptom interferes with normal youth development of interpersonal relationships?
The earliest signs of antisocial behavior may be ____.
difficult temperament as an infant
The single best predictor of a child's risk for major depressive disorder is ____.
family history of depression
The "cognitive triad" refers to ____.
a depressed individual's negative outlook about one's self, the world, and the future
In general, ____ is the first choice in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
General family disturbances include ____.
marital discord and family instability
In high-risk neighborhoods, ____ can protect against the development of antisocial behavior.
a positive school experience
Due to recent findings of possible increased risk of suicide and self-harm of young people using SSRIs to treat depression, the FDA has mandated ____.
warning labels on medication and patient education guides
Delinquency, in the legal sense, may result from ____, whereas a mental disorder requires ____.
one or two isolated acts, a persistent pattern of antisocial behaviors
Prospective studies of children and adolescents have found that the age of onset for the first depressive episode is usually ____ years.
13 to 15
Youngsters who have an onset of depression prior to age 15 and a recurrent episode prior to age 20 are likely to ____.
have severe depression as a teen and poor psychosocial outcomes as a young adult
Elizabeth's parents, teachers, and probation officer met to discuss treatment strategies for Elizabeth's aggressive and criminal behavior. What treatment modality is this?
A ____ refers to a group of symptoms that occur together more often than by chance.
The absence of joy and interest in activities that were previously enjoyable is called ____.
Which statement about the stability of antisocial behavior is true?
Psychopathic features are marked by ____.
a pattern of deceitful, callous, manipulative, and remorseless behavior
____ refers to the concept that the child's behavior is both influenced by and influences the behavior of others.
A child with antisocial behavior has an ____.
overactive BAS and an underactive BIS
On tests of cognitive ability, children with conduct disorder typically ____.
show impairments despite normal intelligence
Someone who focuses narrowly on negative events for long periods of time has a:
depressive ruminative style
Fathers of children with conduct disorder often display ____.
antisocial personality disorder, substance abuse, and criminality
Children who experience depression ____.
are at risk for future depressive episodes
The most successful treatment/s for major depressive disorder is/are ____.
CBT and IPT-A
The diathesis-stress model of depression explains the onset of the disorder as ____.
dependent upon the interaction between personal vulnerability and life stress
Children who engage in primarily overt behaviors are typically
According to the social-selection hypothesis, ____.
people who move into different neighborhoods differ before they arrive, and those who remain differ from those who leave
Children (and adults) who experience a clinical course of one or more major depressive episodes accompanied by at least one hypomanic episode are diagnosed with ____.
bipolar II disorder
A history of depression during the school years increases the risk for later ____.
What is not a typical characteristic of families of children with depression?
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