*If glucose levels are normal, filtrate levels are normal
*Untreated diabetic; BG too high; therefore filtrate glucose too high. The kidneys reabsorb glucose up to threshold level, but the excess remains in filtrate & excreted in urine
*Presence of protein in urine indicates the glomeruli have become too permeable, as occurs in some types of kidney disease.
*Presence of RBCs in urine may indicate glomeruli have become too permeable.
*Another cause might be bleeding somewhere in urinary tract.
*Bacteria give urine cloudy color; WBCs may also be present
*Presence of bacteria means there is an infection somewhere in urinary tract
*Ketones formed from fats & proteins used for energy production. Higher levels of ketones indicate increased use of fats & proteins for energy. This may be result of malfunctioning carbohydrate metabolism (as in DM) or simply the result of high-protein diet.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.