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18 terms

Basic Chemistry Part II

STUDY
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Inorganic
relating or belonging to the class of compounds not having a carbon basis
Organic
number of compounds having a large amount of carbon
Water
cradle of life - all living organismic require it to survive
Mixture
the act of mixing together
Solution
smaller molecules called solutes mix or blend with a solvent and thy thoroughly blend or mix
Suspension
a mixture where one substance, usually larger molecules, is mixed into a solvent and the substance settles out, it does not stay mixed with the solvent
Colloid
a special type of solution where larger molecules stay mixed with the solvent, they do not settle out
Electrolytes
minerals that carry electrical charges that help maintain the body's fluid balance
Acids
compounds that form hydrogen ions when dissolved in water having a pH lower than 7
Bases
alkaines, substances, when mixed with water will release OH- ions into solution, have a pH between 8-14
Salts
electrolyte compounds that are formed when mixing acids and bases
Buffer
substance that balance the pH
PH
power of hydrogen, a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is
Carbohydrates
organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms (sugar & starch) the primary source of chemical energy in our body cell (C H2O)
Lipids
biochemicals that do not dissolve in water (fats, oils, and waxes) make up cell membranes, store energy
Proteins
macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Nucleic Acids
very large compound, composed of C,H,O,N,P
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use for most of their work