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psychologists who specialize in measuring psychological characteristics such as intelligence and personality
comprises a person's culturally influenced accumulated knowledge and skills, including understanding printed language, comprehending language, and knowing vocabulary
musical intelligence is often shown by individuals with mental retardation who are extremely talented in one domain
a nontraditional aspect of intelligence in which the person's ability to use their own or others' emotions effectively for solving problems and living happily
intelligence quotient (IQ)
Terman described performance which was simply the ratio of mental age to chronological age, multiplied by 100
this measures a child's learning potential by having the child learn something new in the presence of the examiner and with the examiner's help
culture-fair intelligence tests
the problem of bias led to the development of these which test items based on experiences common to many cultures
self-fulfilling prophecy in which knowledge of stereotypes leads to anxiety and reduced performance consistent with the original stereotype
intelligence is associated with using information that is provided to determine a standard, correct answer
creativity is associated with the aim is not a single correct answer (often there isn't one) but novel and unusal lines of thought
refers to substantially below-average intelligence and problems adapting to an environment that emerge before the age of 18
organic mental retardation
some cases of mental retardation---no more 25%--can be traced to a specific biological or physical problem
familial mental retardation
simply represents the lower ends of the normal distribution of intelligence
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