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Chapter 13 & 14 GOV
Terms in this set (50)
An officially expressed purpose or goal backed by a sanction is a
When the government sets conditions on companies seeking to sell goods or services to government agencies it is called
the contracting power
Which president warned the nation to beware of the powerful "military-industrial complex" as he was leaving office?
________ usually refers to a fine or some other form of material restitution, while ________ usually refers to imprisonment.
Civil penalty; criminal penalty
A five-dollar fine for a parking violation is an example of a
In the United States, the government's right to take private property for public use is referred to as
The power to raise or lower the tax rate is part of
________ are government grants of cash or other valuable commodities, such as land, that are used to promote activities desired by government leaders
A way to reduce the disparities in wealth between the rich and poor is called a(n)
policy of redistribution
The Federal Reserve Board is composed of ________ members
The federal funds rate refers to the
interest rate on loans between banks
Between September 2007 and December 2008, the Federal Reserve
cut interest rates from 4.75 percent to nearly 0 percent.
While the Federal Reserve's decision to cut the federal funds rate is expected to ________ economic growth, its decision to raise the federal funds rate is expected to ________ economic growth.
speed up; slow down
What is a key power of the Fed?
the power to expand and contract the amount of credit available in the United States
The best way for Federal Reserve Board officials to help boost a stagnant economy is to
lower interest rates so that banks can provide more loans at cheaper rates to individuals and businesses.
Why have politicians always favored using subsidies to promote certain economic activities?
They can be treated as benefits that can be widely spread in response to many demands.
If government land is leased or sold for oil and coal exploration at lower-than-market rates, it is an example of a(n)
During the period of the New Deal, ________ theory that a government could boost employment by stimulating demand became quite influential
John Maynard Keynes's
Which statement is the key argument of John Maynard Keynes?
Government can pull an economy out of a recession by stimulating demand and creating a cycle of increased production and jobs.
Which of the following played an important role in caring for the poor during the nineteenth century?
churches and religious organizations
When did the American welfare state begin?
Following the crash of 1929, approximately ________ of the workforce immediately became unemployed.
Social Security is a good example of
a contributory program
The goal of Social Security is to
ensure a basic income to all workers once they retire
The formula by which Social Security retirement benefits are calculated is designed
to redistribute income from well-off to less well-off workers
The nineteenth-century policy of ________ was based on the geographic distance of the United States from other countries.
The policy of striking a nation that might be contemplating hostile actions is called
The North American Free Trade Agreement is a(n)
trade treaty between Mexico, Canada, and the United States designed to lower and eliminate tariffs.
The three main goals of American foreign policy are
security, prosperity, and the creation of a better world.
________ warned Americans to avoid permanent alliances with foreign powers.
What was the key to American security during the nineteenth century?
The Monroe doctrine refers to the
idea that foreign powers should not meddle in the Western Hemisphere
Which of the following would have been a violation of the Monroe Doctrine in the nineteenth century?
Britain sending military forces to Canada and Cuba in an attempt to overthrow those country's existing regimes
The Axis alliance during World War II consisted of
Germany, Japan, and Italy.
When two sides of an international conflict possess such enormous arsenals of nuclear missiles that each has the ability to destroy the other in the event of war, it is called
"mutually assured destruction."
The final collapse of the Soviet Union occurred in
A ________ nation is one with unstable leadership, whose policies are driven by ideology rather than by economic or human costs and benefits
Which president made prevention the centerpiece of his foreign policy?
George W. Bush
Following World War II, ________ brought together a wide range of nations for regular negotiations designed to reduce barriers to trade
The world's wealthiest nation is
the United States
The policy of deterrence and containment pursued by the United States during the Cold War can be viewed as
midway between aggression and appeasement.
A policy of deterrence may fail against terrorist groups because
terrorist groups are nonstate actors who may believe that their lack of a fixed geographic location prevents their targets from retaliating militarily
The Bush administration's "global war on terror" and the war in Iraq were expressions of
Which of the following goals has traditionally been of lowest priority in U.S. foreign policy?
The fact that the United States remains silent in the face of human rights violations by a number of countries illustrates that
protecting human rights is less important to American foreign policy than security concerns and economic interests
When did the Cold War begin?
in the late 1940s, soon after World War II
Which of the following is the most important actor in the conduct of American foreign policy?
In foreign policy, the Bush Doctrine refers to
The growing use of executive agreements by presidents over time has had the effect of
diminishing the importance of the Senate's constitutional treaty power.
The National Security Council includes all of the following actors EXCEPT
the chairperson of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
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