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indentured servant

someone who agrees to work for a certain amoutn of years in return for their freedom


large farm or estate


refuse to buy

Revolutionary War

America fighting for freedom from Britain

Declaration of Independence

document declaring the colonists free of Britain


a document creating the basic rules of goverment

Christopher Columbus

Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492 and claimed the land he disovered for Spain.


First permanent English settlement in North America

William Penn

Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718)

Pennsylvania Colony

a colony in America founded in 1682 william Penn, who purchased land from the Native Americans

Thomas Jefferson

Wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence

George Washington

Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War

Louisiana Purchase

territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million


a person who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there

Industrial Revolution

the change from making goods by hand to making them by machine


a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States


the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861

Civil War

War fought between the Union and the Confederacy


the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union


separate by race or religion

Meriwether Lewis

United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the Columbia River

William Clark

United States explorer who (with Meriwether Lewis) led an expedition from St. Louis to the Columbia River

Andrew Jackson

7th president of the US

Abraham Lincoln

16th President of the United States

labor force

the source of trained people from which workers can be hired

settlement house

a center in an underprivileged area that provides community services

Homestead Act

Provided free land to settlers who were willing to live on it and cultivate it


the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler


classless society in which all wealth is controlled by the people

Cold War

A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.

civil rights movement

struggle for African American rights that were guaranteed in the Constitution.

Jacob Riis

photographer of the life and suffering in tenements

Jane Addams

the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes

Franklin D. Roosevelt


Harry S. Truman

Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

Martin Luther King Jr.

Civil rights activist who wanted equality for everyone


one of the self-governing nations in the British Commonwealth


Speaking two languages.


a prosperous and industrialized province in central Canada


the largest province of Canada

Louis Papineau

organized a revolt in Lower Canada; lost to Britain; his goal was to establish the region as a separate country

William Mackenzie

In Upper Canada, he lead the people against British Rule

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