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42 terms

U.S. and Canada (Shaped by History)

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indentured servant
someone who agrees to work for a certain amoutn of years in return for their freedom
plantation
large farm or estate
boycott
refuse to buy
Revolutionary War
America fighting for freedom from Britain
Declaration of Independence
document declaring the colonists free of Britain
Constitution
a document creating the basic rules of goverment
Christopher Columbus
Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492 and claimed the land he disovered for Spain.
Jamestown
First permanent English settlement in North America
William Penn
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718)
Pennsylvania Colony
a colony in America founded in 1682 william Penn, who purchased land from the Native Americans
Thomas Jefferson
Wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War
Louisiana Purchase
territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
immigrant
a person who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there
Industrial Revolution
the change from making goods by hand to making them by machine
abolitionist
a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States
Confederacy
the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
Civil War
War fought between the Union and the Confederacy
Reconstruction
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
segregate
separate by race or religion
Meriwether Lewis
United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the Columbia River
William Clark
United States explorer who (with Meriwether Lewis) led an expedition from St. Louis to the Columbia River
Andrew Jackson
7th president of the US
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States
labor force
the source of trained people from which workers can be hired
settlement house
a center in an underprivileged area that provides community services
Homestead Act
Provided free land to settlers who were willing to live on it and cultivate it
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
communism
classless society in which all wealth is controlled by the people
Cold War
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
civil rights movement
struggle for African American rights that were guaranteed in the Constitution.
Jacob Riis
photographer of the life and suffering in tenements
Jane Addams
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
Franklin D. Roosevelt
THE PRESIDENT OF THE U.S. ELECTED IN 1932
Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil rights activist who wanted equality for everyone
dominion
one of the self-governing nations in the British Commonwealth
bilingual
Speaking two languages.
Ontario
a prosperous and industrialized province in central Canada
Quebec
the largest province of Canada
Louis Papineau
organized a revolt in Lower Canada; lost to Britain; his goal was to establish the region as a separate country
William Mackenzie
In Upper Canada, he lead the people against British Rule