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Sports Med Final
Terms in this set (62)
The body's temperature is regulated by an area in the brain
A single respiration consists of one inspiration and on expiration
blood pressure can be measured with
the process of bringing oxygen into the body and expelling carbon dioxide
When recording a blood pressure reading, the top is the systolic pressure and the bottom is the diastolic pressure
pulse rate below 60 beats per minute
the cessation of breathing, may be temporary permanent
breathing that is faster or deeper than that which is produced during normal activity, also known as hyperventilation
Assessments of pulse, respiration, blood pressure, and temperature; body functions essential to life
Eating food helps the body perform what three essential functions?
supply energy, support tissue growth and repair, regulate metabolism
Name the two basic principles to follow when choosing foods that supply a healthy diet.
eat a variety of food from each of the five food groups, eat in moderation
List four foods that are composed of complex carbohydrates.
bread, cereal, rice, beans, pasta, vegetables
Generally, saturated fat is __________ at room temperature and is derived mainly from ____________ sources.
1. solid, 2. animal
Usually, unsaturated fat is __________ at room temperature and comes mainly from ___________ sources. Examples of foods containing unsaturated fat include: ________ , _______ , and __________.
1. liquid, 2. plant, 3. corn oil, conola oil, etc
List the three complete protein foods that contain all the essential amino acids needed by the body.
meat, fish, poultry
Vitamins are metabolic regulators that govern the processes of ____________ , __________ , __________________ , and ____________ in the body.
energy production, growth, maintenance, repair
State what function the following minerals perform in the body: calcium and iron.
calcium maintains bone strength and prevents osteoporosis, iron promotes formation of hemoglobin, improves oxygenation, and boosts energy
List three functions that water performs in the body.
controls body temp, eliminates metabolic waste, aids energy production
Athletes overall need more vitamin supplements than normal, less-active people do.
Athletes should refrain from drinking water when engaged in vigorous activity—it can cause painful stomach cramps.
The term "LBW" stands for lower body weight.
Minerals need to be taken sparingly, always less than 100 mg daily.
The American Dietetic Association recommends that athletes should consume large amounts of complex carbohydrates before extended periods of strenuous activity.
a viral disease caused by HIV which destroys the immune system and renders the patient susceptible to other infections.Contracted through blood and bodily fluids, is incurable
guidelines developed by the CDC for protecting healthcare workers from exposure to blood-borne pathogens in body secretions
inflammation of the liver caused by a virus and spread by the fecal-oral route either from poor hand washing or contaminated food
inflammation of the liver caused by a virus and spread through contact with infected blood and body fluids. The most common form of hepatitis contracted by healthcare workers
are single celled microorganisms that can destroy blood cells
those who are capable of transmitting disease but who do not show any symptoms
never recap ________, or manually remove a dirty needle
procedure used by healthcare workers when performing/ assisting with sterile procedures
The elements that contribute to heat-related illnesses are changes in _____________ and ____________________. *
Body temperature is reduced primarily through the _______________. *
A(n) ________________ can be used to determine relative humidity. *
Sunscreen with a minimum SPF rating of _______ is recommended to prevent sunburn.
The loss of body water impairs _________________________ and increases the risk of ____________ _____________ __________________ . *
athletic performance, heat-related illness
The average water loss is ____ to _______ liters per hour during light to medium exercise.
The process in which athletes become accustomed to temperature and environmental conditions expected for the season is called _______________________.
There is no relationship between the type of uniform worn and the temperature and humidity of the day.
Sweat-soaked shirts do not help athletes stay cool on hot, humid days. *
Cold drinks leave the stomach quicker but also cause stomach cramping. *
false, do not cause cramping
It is only necessary to drink water before and during periods of exercise. *
false, before and after
Athletes with a low percentage of body fat are more likely to experience heat cramps. *
Some athletes can take up to two weeks to become properly acclimatized. *
A body temperature above 105°F is a symptom of heatstroke. *
An athlete experiencing heatstroke will stop perspiring. *
List five symptoms associated with heat exhaustion. *
weakness, exhaustion, dizziness, headache, clammy, sweating
The personal kit is carried with you at all times only during games. *
false, all times
An electric screwdriver is used to remove the face mask from a helmet. *
The physician's kit may include items the athletic trainer is not trained or legally allowed to use.
Calling ahead to the home team's athletic trainer can help you know what supplies might be made available to you as the visiting team. *
Food is never to be part of any of the kits. *
false, only apart of some
Define: athletic trainer's injury report *
an injury report given to a coach by the athletic trainer explaining the nature of the athletes injury illness
Define: physician's report *
form that injured athlete takes to the doctors office for completion
Define: head injury and concussion information sheet *
instructions for care given to an athletes parents/ guardian when head injury is suspected
Define: treatment record *
provides documentation about the injury and it's treatment
Define: injury report *
a legal document containing information about the nature and treatment of injuries that is used in the evaluation of treatment procedures
some point of tenderness and some loss of strength
marked by swelling, tenderness, decreased ROM, moderate loss of function
complete loss of function in the injured area
Protect, Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate
shoulder exam, diagnostic procedure
test used to assess the stability of the shoulder joint
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