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37 terms

NCE: Soc. & Cultural Foundations

STUDY
PLAY
Multicultural
implies celebrating diversity
Cultural pluralism
1. multiculturalism
2. implies a certain group has special needs.
culture conflict
1. when a person expieriences conflicting thoughts, feelings, etc.. about their culture
2. When persons of different culture live in the same geographical area
Macroculture
majority culture; dominant culture.
cultural relativity
a behavior cannot be assessed as good or bad except within the context of a given culture
material culture (artifacts)
paintings, books, tools
nonmaterial culture
customs, values, traditions, humor
counterculture
when a group of individuals strongly opposes the values of another culture
Eugenics
selective breeding can improve the gene pool
proxemics
relates to personal space, territory, interpersonal distance
Tarasoff case (duty)
duty to warn and intended victim of danger or violence
Jensen
tried to prove that African Americans were of lower IQ due to genetics
Prognosis
refers to the probable outcome of a case (recovery)
Dollard/Miller Hypothesis
Frustration leads to aggression
deindividuation
when individuals lose their identity
Festinger's cognitive dissonance theory
individuals try to reduce tension and discomfort from incongruent thoughts and beliefs (usually through denial)
Mores (MOS)
beliefs about the rightness or wrongness of behavior-braking these beliefs would cause harm
folkways
describe correct, normal, behavior and breaking these would causes embarrassment
social distance scale
evaluates how an individual feels towards other ethnic groups (Emory Bogardus)
acculturation
expecting a minority culture to integrate & adopt the customs of the dominant culture
Assimilation
when so much acculturation has occured that the minority individual is not a part of the dominant culture
modal personality
a personality most characteristic of the group in question
therapeutic surrender
client psychologically surrenders to counselor from a different culture & becomes more open-minded with feelings & thoughts
flight-to-health
client improved too rapidly for underlying issues to have been dealt with
flight from reality
client resorts to psychosis (loses touch w/reality) to avoid dealing with current life difficulties
assimilation error
perceiving someone elses' beliefs to be very much like that of your own.
contrast error
perceiving someone elses' dissimilar attitudes as even more different than they really are
white privilege
special advantages and privileges that non whites DON'T have
monolithic
seeing everyone n a given group as identical
connotation
emotional content oF a word as opposed to the dictionary definition
semantic differential
tendency for words to display different connotations
alloplastic
client can alter external factors
autoplastic
change comes from within
personalism
people must adjust to environmental and geological demands
panacea
cure-all
palatable
agreeable
sleeper affect
one remembers the message but forgets the communicator after a period of time