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41 terms

Key Terms Chapter 28

Mosby's Textbook for Nursing Assistants, 6th Edition by Sheila A. Sorrentino
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abrasion
A partial-thickness wound caused by the scraping away or rubbing of the skin
arterial ulcer
An open wound on the lower legs and feet caused by poor arterial blood flow
bedsore
A pressure ulcer, pressure sore, or decubitus ulcer
chronic wound
A wound that does not heal easily
circulatory ulcer
An open wound on the lower legs and feet caused by decreased blood flow through the arteries or veins; vascular ulcer
clean-contaminated wound
Occurs from the surgical entry of the reproductive, urinary, respiratory, or gastrointestinal system
clean wound
A wound that is not infected; microbes have not entered the wound
closed wound
Tissues are injured but the skin is not broken
contaminated wound
A wound with a high risk of infection
contusion
A closed wound caused by a blow to the body; a bruise
decubitus ulcer
A pressure ulcer, pressure sore, or bedsore
dehiscence
The separation of wound layers
dirty wound
An infected wound
epidermal stripping
Removing the epidermis (outer skin layer) as tape is removed from the skin
evisceration
The separation of the wound along with the protrusion of abdominal organs
full-thickness wound
The dermis, epidermis and subcutaneous tissue are penetrated; muscle and bone may be involved
gangrene
A condition in which there is death of tissue
hematoma
A collection of blood tinder the skin and tissues
hemorrhage
The excessive loss of blood in a short time
incision
An open wound with clean, straight edges; usually intentionally made with a sharp instrument
infected wound
wound containing large amounts of microbes and that shows signs of infection; a dirty wound
intentional wound
A wound created for therapy
laceration
An open wound with torn tissues and jagged edges
open wound
The skin or mucous membrane is broken
partial-thickness wound
The dermis and epidermis of the skin are broken
penetrating wound
An open wound in which the skin and underlying tissues are pierced
pressure sore
A bedsore, decubitus ulcer, or pressure ulcer
pressure ulcer
Any injury caused by unrelieved pressure; decubitus ulcer, bedsore, or pressure sore
puncture wound
An open wound made by a sharp object; entry of the skin and underlying tissues may be intentional or unintentional
purulent drainage
Thick green, yellow, or brown drainage
sanguineous drainage
Bloody drainage (sanguis)
serosanguineous drainage
Thin, watery drainage (sera) that is blood-tinged (sanguineous)
serous drainage
Clear, watery fluid (serum)
shock
Results when organs and tissues do not get enough blood
skin tear
A break or rip in the skin; the epidermis separates from the underlying tissues
stasis ulcer
An open wound on the lower legs and feet caused by poor blood return through the veins; venous ulcer
trauma
An accident or violent act that injures the skin, mucous membranes, bones, and internal organs
unintentional wound
A wound resulting from trauma
vascular ulcer
A circulatory ulcer
venous ulcer
A stasis ulcer
wound
A break in the skin or mucous membrane