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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (249)
Someone who smokes an e-cigarette that contains nicotine will experience:
Contraction of the blood vessels
Healthy skin is:
Melanin production is stimulated by:
Exposure to sunlight
Phytoestrogens are created by the chemical process of:
Skin is strengthened by a protein substance of complex fibrous called:
The ability for skin to stretch and return to firmness is caused by:
What is sebum?
An oil that provides protection for the epidermis and lubricates the skin and the hair
The outermost later of the skin is called the:
When capillaries have been damaged and are now larger, or distended, blood vessels, a condition known as _______ is present.
The type of melanin that is red and yellow in color is called:
The layer of the epidermis that contains cells filled with keratin that resemble little grains is the:
The sweat gland that is found all over the body and contains openings on the skin is called the:
What is microcirculation?
The circulation of the blood from the heart to arterioles, to capillaries, to ventricles, then back to the heart
What does the term epidermal growth factor refer to?
A hormone that stimulates skin cells to reproduce and heal
Skin irritation and intercellular transepidermal water loss are prevented by the:
The small, cone-shaped structures at the bottom of hair follicles are called:
What enzyme stimulates melanocytes?
UVA radiation does NOT:
Damage to what function of the skin causes skin hydration?
Barrier function of the skin
What skin function helps synthesize vitamin D from sunlight?
Excretion is a function of the skin's:
The sudoriferous glands
Compared the beta keratin, alpha keratin:
What condition, related to circulation, causes the skin under the nails to turn purplish or blue?
What is true if the growth rate of fingernails?
It is faster over the summer
Two types of nerves are called:
Sensory and motor
What does exfoliation remove and deplete?
All of the following cells are replaced ever 6-9 months EXCEPT:
Before performing every service, esthetician's must have full awareness of:
The clients skin type
What accurately describes follicles in dry skin?
Difficult to visualize
The T-zone refers to:
The center of the face
What number on the Fitzpatrick skin type scale corresponds with people of Spanish, Greek, and Italian heritage?
The type of skin that is often sensitive and shows redness is:
Fitzpatrick skin type 4
The décolleté is located:
At the lower neck and chest
What has caused a condition that modern tropical treatments of the décolleté have developed to treat?
Cell phone use
All of the following products may be a good choice for the décolleté EXCEPT:
Alpha hydroxy acids
What is true if photosensitivity?
It is a condition that results from the certain medication
The medical condition that demonstrates an external, rather than an internal effect on the skin is:
Over a women's lifetime,
Hormonal changes will change her skin in various ways throughout her life
What is the healthiest habit for the skin in relationship to sun exposure?
Avoid sun exposure
What are contraindications?
Factors that prohibit the use of certain products
A treatment room must not have floors that are:
An esthetician's back and shoulder will benefit the most from:
A technicians supply cart should be located:
As close to the table as possibke
What is the name for tools that perform services?
After use, it is necessary to clean and sanitize:
At a facial bar, an esthetician will likely perform a service that includes:
Clean up after a facial service generally takes:
Before preheating: the steamer water lever should be set:
Slightly below the fill line
Which of the following destroys all microbial life?
Which of the following would OSHA most likely be involved in regulating?
The disposal of chemical products in the workplace
The difference between respiratory droplets and airborne transmission is:
Respiratory droplets do not stay in the air as long
What is a microorganism?
Any organism of microscopic size
Which of the following is a type of fungi?
Which of the following is TRUE of sterilization?
It destroys all microbial life including spores
A __________ is capable of igniting and burning.
What should you do if a tool or implement is dropped on the floor during a service?
Either replace it or disinfect it prior to continuing a service
Hyperpigmentation is a condition that describes:
An overproduction of pigment
The inflammatory skin condition that is caused by exposure and direct skin contact to allergens is:
Allergic contact dermatitis
What does the boarder of a mole that might be cancerous look like?
Someone with rosacea should:
What is the disorder in which a person picks at their skin compulsively?
Clients who are consistently unhappy with their treatment, no matter how successful, might have:
Body dysmorphic disorder
Which of the following refers to the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms from one individual to another?
Who may possibly receive safe electrical treatments?
Clients with allergies
A client may choose not to reveal _____ on an intake form.
Where is history of an esthetician's treatments of a client recorded?
All of the following are other names of the intake form EXCEPT:
Service record chart
The most important reason for a client consultation is:
To determine the appropriate treatment for the client
What is true of a client who has diabetes?
They might not realize a treatment is hurting them
How are fungi, bacterial disorders, and deeper levels of pigmentation observed?
With a Wood's lamo
What step immediately follows cleansing a clients skin of makeup?
Covering the clients eyes with eye pads
Because Neil, a manager, posts disinfectant tips and safety posters and makes sure all of his employees are familiar with all of the important disinfectant tips, he knows he will NEVER see one of them:
Placing a disinfectant in an unmarked container
Daniel is talking with his coworker Horacio about his busy morning. He tells Horacio it was especially hectic because 3 of his appointments were high risk clients, for which extra care must be taken. Which of the following, if true, would mean Daniel is INCORRECT in his believe that his clients were all high risk?
They all had children with them
Charles prides himself on taking extra precautions not to get sick at worm. This last week there was a disease passing through his workplace. Charles, being overly cautious, made sure he wore gloves that week. He never once touches a surface or another person without gloves on. He also never put his hand to his mouth, eyes, or nose while wearing the gloves. And just to be extra careful, chat,es immediately washed his hands after he took the gloves off. Even with all these precautions, Charles still came down with the disease. How is this possible?
The disease was airborne
Excess oil production that caused redness, flakiness, and irritation is a condition known as:
What scale is used to measure the skin type's ability to tolerate sun exposure?
The Fitzpatrick scake
What term is best described as a discoloration from melanin production?
What part of the skin is most often palpated during skin analysis?
One ingredient used to thicken cream is:
Which is necessary for all skin care professionals who work with products?
Have a thorough understanding of the chemical formulation of each product
Which is the most effective way for a skin care professional to communicate how a product works with a client?
Convey a detailed and thorough knowledgeable the realistic expectations of that product
According to legal definitions of cosmetics and drugs:
Products may be regulated as both drugs and cosmetics
Federal regulations require the labeling of cosmetics to do all of the following EXCEPT:
List the ingredients of a fragrance
What is the intention of the International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)?
Allow consumers to compare names of ingredients
The condition that presents as redness and bumpiness in the cheeks or upper arms is called:
A brownish spot on the skin that might range in color from tan to bluish black is a:
Which condition could be contagious?
A condition also known as razor bumps that resembles folliculitis without the pus or infection
A physician who treats disorders and diseases of the skin is also known as a(n):
A lesion is:
A structural change in the tissue caused by damage or injury
Squamous cell carcinoma is defined as:
A condition characterized by red or pink scaly papules or nodules
An allergic reaction which occurs during a facial should be handled with:
Cold water and compress
When choosing a product with natural ingredients it is important to remember:
Some of the most effective products are not derived from natural sources
What is true of cosmetics that are labeled as having organic ingredients?
They are certified by the National Organic Program
An ingredient that is a melanin suppressant and used to treat hyperpigmentation is:
What ingredient would be ideal for someone who has sensitive skin?
What type of skin is NOT usually treated with tropic probiotics is:
What type of skin is vitamin c ideal to treat?
Of all skin care treatments the single most effective is:
Home care treatments
In order to prepare a treatment room a technician must have a minimum of ___ towels.
When preparing linens a treatment room must have a minimum of ___.
2 twin size fiat sheets
Preparing a facial bar would not typically require the use of _____.
What should the esthetician do after completing the post consultation with the client?
Record client chart notes and write up retail sales
How should equipment be left at the end of the day?
Switched off and unplugged
When cleaning the towel warmer:
The door should be left open so the warmer can dry
At the end of the day, estheticians are responsible to disinfect:
What is a defining characteristic of grade 3 acne?
Redness and inflammation, many comedones, papules, and pustules
Grade 2 acne is characterized by:
Many closed comedones, more open comedones, and occasional papules and pustules
A small elevation on the skin that contains fluid may develop into a pustule is a:
What characterized the conditions known as acne?
Excess sebum production
Which of the following is an example of macules?
What most closely resembles a freckle?
What characterizes tinea versicolor?
White, brown, or salmon colored flaky patches from the yeast of the skin
What should you NEVER do with a tool or implement?
Put it in your pocket
Must by law be checked regularly
When working on the job, your cellphone should be:
Checked only between clients
When assisting a client into or out of a hydraulic chair:
Always lower the chair to its lowest level
Ingrids clients have been experiencing inflammation and pain on certain parts of their skin and bodies. Ingrid mentioned to her manager, Roberta, who began to investigate the problem. Roberta has determined that these complaints are most likely the results of biofilms. Because she believes biofilms are the problem, which of the following is MOST LIKELY the source of the contamination?
Ingrid's foot spa
Harolds business requires a strict adherence to proper infection control. He knows the achieving the effective infection control is a 2 step process. Which of the following 2 steps is Harold likely to use for the majority of his business?
Cleaning and disinfecting
Brenda works long hours, and because she comes into close contact with so many clients, she is careful to keep her hands clean throughout the day. As her schedule is always quite full, this often means using hand sanitizer instead of soap and water. Which if the following is an issue Brenda is MOST LIKELY to face as a result of this?
Hands that are dry the the point of cracking
Products sold by estheticians:
Are less costly in the long run than those sold over the counter
What is the best advice for an esthetician who wants to build trust over the long term with a new client?
Follow up with the client within a week of the appointment
One sign a manufacturer is NOT a good choice to fel evil a long term professional relationship with is of the manufacturer:
Has a strong online sales presence
How is the actual monetary value of a product BEST determined?
Breaking the purchase price down to a weekly budget
Technicians should keep their hair:
Pulled back to keep off the client
An esthetician's nails must be:
What consideration must be made when designing a treatment room?
It must allow the esthetician to move around comfortably in the space
Clients should NOT typically be experiencing flaking when using _____ in an esthetics context.
Esthetician's risk respiratory damage when using:
What does crystal-free microdermabrasion rely on to work?
A diamond tip applicator
Drying after-effects are typically avoided with:
Photodynamic therapy is usually used for:
Light therapy does not typically use what part of the spectrum?
The kind of light therapy used to manage pain is:
How often should microcurrent treatments occur for visual results?
Once a week for 10 sessions
What does the term ultrasound mean?
Extremely high frequencies of sound
What does sonophoresis help with?
What is true of micro needling?
It induces collagen production
What should clients be instructed to do after detoxifying body treatments?
Drink a lot of water
The diamond top of a crystal free microdermabrasion machine would typically be changed:
Before working on the nose
Before preparing a treatment table with fresh linens, the technician must:
What is the most important thing to consider when furnishing a treatment room?
Health and safety
What is meant by the term facial?
A professional service designed to improve the appearance of facial skin
What is a good rule of thumb when working with a client on pretreatment services?
Make the experience as personalized as possible
An esthetician who incorporates flow in a facial massage is demonstrating:
What is the esthetician's primary objective in a facial treatment?
To determine a clients skin concerns in order to determine an individualized treatment
Before a facial, ________ should be removed.
Dark colored clothing, if the client is comfortable
What procedure does not occur in an express facial?
For a client with combination skin, the best type of cleanser is:
What cleanser is best for aging clients?
What technique involves manually removing comedones from follicles?
After a client's first facial, a home care program should be discussed for about:
What condition would benefit most from chemical exfoliation?
When performing extractions around the nose area, most esthetician's use:
Analyzing the skin occurs:
Immediately after deep cleansing
The most common part of a magnifying lamp to wear out over time is the:
What skin would appear to be bluish white under a wood's lamp?
What treatment requires clients to remove jewelry?
What should the glass jar on the steamer be cleansed with?
When using a vacuum machine, it is usually enough to make:
Chemical deincrustation and ionic iontophoresis is created by a:
When machine that connects directly to the vacuum machine is the:
In order to prevent cross contamination, what is necessary for paraffin wax heaters?
The should not allow for the immersion of a clients hand or foot
A paraffin mask is used for:
Hydrating dry skin
What is true of the effects of a warm paraffin mask?
The effects of immediate, but not long lasting
Electric mitts and boots perform the important function of:
Helping with product absorption
Electric boots should be warmed before use for about:
The best investment for an esthetician who is starting out would be:
A reliable steamer
The most common method of hair removal in a salon is:
The part of the body that contains the hair follicle and it's appendages is called:
The part of the hair that is visible above the skin is known as the:
The service of extractions ends with the:
Forehead and upper cheekbones
If European style massage is not possible during a facial, an acceptable alternative might be:
Leaving a mask on longer
The type of massage also known as percussion, and resembles playing the piano, is:
What is the most stimulating form of massage?
The technique that releases nutrients and carbon dioxide and purifies the system is:
The lightest circular friction movements are usually used on the face and:
What should vibration be used in order to be most effective?
What is a likely result from an esthetician's investment in high-quality machines?
There will be a return on that investment
What is the use of electrical devices for therapeutic benefits called?
A client who would likely benefit the most from electrotherapy would be:
A retired woman who has spent her entire life in a tropical clomate
An example of someone who should NOT receive electrotherapy is:
A pregnant client
The type of skin that contraindicates electrotherapy is:
What does a diopter measure?
What magnification is equivalent of 5 diopters?
A tinted cosmetic that is used to even out skin tone and color, conceal imperfections, and protect the skin is:
Someone who would likely benefit the most from an oil-based foundation would be:
A client with dry skin
In order to set foundation, ______ is used.
The type of makeup that is lighter than a clients skin color is:
In order to blend foundation, concealers, and powder, a makeup artist uses:
What is the only safe type of pencil to use on a client?
One that can be sharpened
What is the general rule of highlighting and contouring?
Highlighters are lighter in tone and bring out features, while contouring colors are darker and diminish them
What do the most popular permanent makeup application involve?
The area around the eyes
What should be the most important consideration for makeup artists who retail?
Products that have a wide range of foundations
What is the correct order of application for the professional application of makeup?
Eyeshadow, eyeliner, and mascara
What is true of the esthetic use of machine technology?
Machines can produce better results
What is true of the pH of human skin?
It is acidic
What is the best choice of a products pH for use in salon peels?
A pH between 3-5.5 depending on the clients skin pH
Clients put themselves at the most risk if they wish to schedule a chemical peel in:
What treatment would be ideal for a clients skin who is aging?
What is the general rule of using face powder?
A little goes a long way
What part of the eye should never be covered with an eyeliner pencil?
The inner rim of the eyes
Where should the client look while the makeup artist is applying mascara to the lower lashes
In order to help with the makeup design process, a bride should bring:
A photo of her dress
In the professional world, the technique of applying makeup significantly changed with:
The invention of HD cameras
Strip lashes are another name for:
What is the name for artificial eyelashes that are applied on top of the upper lashes one at a time?
Dermal papillae are destroyed during:
Hard waxes should be removed by an esthetician who:
Grips one end and pulls, while the wax is still tacky
A waxing would most likely be successful and beneficial for:
A client who has not shaved in 2 weeks
What is true of tweezers used in a treatment room?
The must be made of surgical steel able to resist disinfection
When is hard wax on the eyebrow ready to remove?
When the wax is opaque
The last step of performing a lip waxing with hard wax is:
Massaging with lotion
What must the condition of the hair be before applying wax to the axilla?
Buzzed or trimmed to half an inch if necessary
The term hue means:
Any color in its purest form
Even parts of 2 primary colors are mixed to make:
The colors that are used to creat soft, subtle looks for everyday makeup are called:
A yellow undertone characterizes all:
An example of a neutral color is:
Most people in the world have what kind of skin hues and undertones?
Warm skin hues with yellow undertones
What face shape would benefit from corrective makeup to give the illusion of width across the cheekbone line?
What is divided into 3 parts: the cuticle, cortex, and medulla?
The first stage of hair growth is known as:
The final stage of hair growth is called:
The chemical substance spread on the skin to dissolve the hair at the surface of the skin is called a(n):
What is a widely accepted, professional, and effective alternative for a client adverse to waxing?
Two handed threading
Esthetician's can cut their service time in half by learning the technique known as speed:
What technique is categorized by the FDA and the AMA as permanent hair removal?
A high frequency treatment for acne may safely be used with:
A client with peri menopause
What is true of men's skin in general?
It is oily with with surface dryness
The type of products that will appeal to most men are:
Products that are advertised as stress-reducing
During a facial, cleanser should be first applied:
To the neck, with palms down
The correct order of final steps in applying cleanser during a facial are:
Cheeks, nose, forehead
The steamer should be ____ from the client.
About 18 inches away
After extractions are performed, the next step is:
During a facial, a mask should be left on for:
What does the application of either hard or soft wax to the axilla involve?
The client raising one arm above the shoulder and pulling breast tissue away with the other hand
The correct order of steps when applying wax to the hand is the first:
Have the client make a fist, then apply and remove wax from the top of the hand, then apply and remove wax from each finger, starting with the thumb
How should the clients leg be positioned for the first application and removal of wax when performing an American bikini wax?
The sole of the foot should be parallel with the knee of the opposite outstretched leg
What have surveys demonstrated about women who wear makeup?
Wearing makeup makes them feel more confident
In order to stay current, esthetician's should check on new products front he makeup industry:
Every few months
What color is NOT a primary color?
Clients with dry skin would most benefit from massage products that are:
Herbal and cream based
A facial massage should begin:
On the face or decollate, as it can start in various places
What follows the completion of the first step in any massage technique?
The esthetician slides their hands back down to the starting point to repeat the movement
The portion of the muscle that is attached to the immovable section of the skeleton is called:
What direction should massage flow from?
Insertion to origin
How should the neck be massaged in relation to the flow of blood?
Movements should follow the flow of the jugular veins downward
What is true of the use of facial devices and technology?
It provides optimal outcomes more readily
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