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S&P Practice Questions
Terms in this set (29)
Explain what aggression is and the harm that it may inflict.
Agression is behavior to cause physical, or social harm
Discuss the three types of aggression.
Proactive Instrumental aggression: Doing it for a cause ex: pulling someones hair to get their toy back.
Reactive Hostile: could be for cause or not.
Relational: Spreading rumor ostracizing
How does aggression develop across three stages of development?
Proactive: infancy and early vhild hood goal is to get what you want
Reactive: middle childhood more verbal like calling names less physical
Relational and Violence: adolescence and adulthood
Explain whether aggression is stable across time.
early starters of physical aggression tend to stay stable across time
Later starters such as adolescent aggression are less likely to be long term aggressors the majority show a steady decline
When and how may aggression change across developmental stages?
What do the majority of people show regarding aggression?
Discuss specific causes of aggression in childhood: a.Social
Children can learn it from their parents
irritable and impulsive
Lower levels of serotonin can decrease aggression and regulate the endocrine gland But higher levels of serotonin can cause more internalized behaviors such as not standing up for yourself and being a victim
Higher levels of testosterone in both makes and females
smoking mothers and cocaine addicts
What role do parents and grandparents play regarding aggression?
parents tend to be erratic and unpredictable when it comes to punishment as well as more sever punishments. Can be overly strict control.
Grandparents hit their kids those kids go on to hit their kids
How does pornography result in heightened aggression?Why?
Shows forced sex being ok gives a distorted perspective on sex.
What other negative results does pornography produce?
correlates with male aggression
Explain rape myth acceptance.
blaming the victim
Give examples of false ideas that some people have regarding rape, and then refute each false statement.
-some people welcome sexual assault
-no doesn't really mean no
-children and women falsely accuse men, not true they have a lot to lose
-date rape doesnt occur yes it does
-rape isnt harmful yet it is mentally and physically
-female causes deserves rape for dressing a certain way or drinking at a bar.
Why do some people blame the victim of violence instead of holding the perpetrator responsible?
-excuse males vulnerable to sexual urges BULLSHIT
-comments about women in military
-tend to see sex as an act rather expression of love
Specifically,when might some people blame a victim of violence? Explain why they are wrong.
-hold victim responsible especially when they know their rapist
-tell the she shouldn't have gone to his house they new better than to be with him she could have fought back and prevented it
-if they have had sex ion the past then its not rape
Explain the Violence Wheel and give specific examples of the following: a.Physical b.Sexual c.Economical d.Emotional violence
What is intimate violence and how prevalent is it?
occurs with people who have a close relationship
Can rape occur between two married spouses?Explain.
Which relationship has the highest aggression levels?
Which specific family members are at risk for intimate violence?Why?
-leading cause of injuries for women 15-44
-physically weaker family gets picked on
-females do attack men more but cause less harm
Which populations have an increased risk of aggression?Why?
-living in poverty
-living in high crime neighborhood
-and those exposed to violent media
Describe the four types of violence victims and potential consequences of the last type.
passive: dont react out of fear
proactive: if pushed will push back
Both ^: may only be passive to older more powerful people
Chronic: constantly victim the longer the more serious the consequences, psychological consequences: depression and anxiety
Describe the four types of bullying and negative outcomes that may occur with the last type.
Direct: pushing and hitting
Indirect: calling people names can e relational
cyberbully: lead to depression and suicide
Witnessing victimizing: see other people getting hurt
What is catharsis?Is catharsis effective in controlling aggression? Why or why not?
Catharsis: taking it out on something else hitting a pillow acting out aggression Doesn't Work
Discuss three ways to control aggression.
-teach children to read behaviors, be more sensitive to others feeling
- multifaceted interventions, unite victims,and parent and figure out the problem
What is the good news regarding aggression?
policies that can help people control their aggression
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