47 terms

Final Review

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American Revolution
Period when 13 colonies gained independence from England. Based on disapproval by colonists of several taxes and other unpopular laws. Protests lead to fighting in 1775, and after two main British armies were captured in 1777 and 1781 and an alliance of the colonists with the French, the Treaty of Paris was signed.
The Stamp Act
a law passed by the British Parliament in 1765 requiring colonists to pay a tax on newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, and playing cards
The Quartering Act
required colonies to house British soldiers provide them with supplies in 1765; One of many causes of the American Revolution
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage.
Alien & Sedition Acts
Passed by federalists and John Adams in 1798, making it harder to become citizens and to deport any immigrant deemed dangerous. the second one outlawed the writing, speaking, or publications of false, scandalous, or malicious statements against the government
Monroe Doctrine
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Manifest Destiny
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
Thomas Jefferson
Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virginia. Third president of the United States. Designed the buildings of the University of Virginia.
War of 1812
A war between the U.S. and Great Britain caused by American outrage over the impressment of American sailors by the British, the British seizure of American ships, and British aid to the Indians attacking the Americans on the western frontier.
Dred Scott
American slave who sued his master for keeping him enslaved in a territory where slavery was banned under the missouri Compromise
John Brown
An abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing Armories in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves, was hung in Harpers Ferry after capturing an Armory
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
13th Amendment
This amendment freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners. It legally forbade slavery in the United States.
14th Amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
3/5 Compromise
the decision at the Constitutional convention to count slaves as 3/5 of a person for the purpose of deciding the population and determining how many seats each state would have in Congress
Primary Source
an account of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the event
Secondary Source
information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
Horace Mann
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859)
Dorothea Dix
reformer who was a pioneer in the movement for better treatment of the mentally ill
Andrew Johnson
17th president of the United States, came to office after Lincoln's assassination and opposed Radical Republicans; he was impeached
Black Codes
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
Total War
a type of war in which an army destroys its opponent's ability to fight by targeting civilian and economic as well as military resources
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Neutrality
the state of not taking sides, especially in a war or dispute; Foreign policy of George Washington
Cotton Gin
machine that produced a more efficient way to get the seeds out of cotton, and expanded southern development
The Intolerable Acts
Created to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party. These restrictions led to more anger towards Great Britain. It consisted of the Port Bill, the Quartering Act, limits on town meetings, and British officials being tried in Great Britain for crimes committed in the colonies.
Andrew Jackson
7th president of the US; Signed the Indian Removal Act
Andrew Johnson
17th president of the United States, came to office after Lincoln's assassination and opposed Radical Republicans; he was impeached
Checks & Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Reconstruction
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
Seneca Falls Convention
Kicked off the equal-rights-for-women campaign led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony (1848)
Bystander
one who looks on or observes, a person present but not taking part
Perpetrator
a person who commits a crime
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep african americans from obtaining their civil rights
Reform
make changes for improvement in order to remove abuse and injustices
Frederick Douglass
United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)
Sojourner Truth
former slave who became an abolitionist and women's rights activist
Mr. Martinelle
the dopest illest history teacher, yall ready know :)
Emancipation Proclamation
order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union, took effect January 1, 1863
Missouri Compromise
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
Anaconda Plan
Union plan to block all of the Confederate's resources during the Civil War, strangling them economically by taking over water ways with the navy.
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
Declaration of Independence
This document was
adopted on July 4, 1776. It
established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the
majority of this document.
Indian Removal Act
removed indians from southern states and put them on reservations in the midwest
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1853 that highly influenced england's view on the American Deep South and slavery. a novel promoting abolition. intensified sectional conflict.