Chapter 13 Quiz
Terms in this set (11)
Was the name given to the belief that the United States would inevitably expand westward to the Pacific Ocean. Was used to gain public support for American territorial expansion.
Mexican American War
President Polk justified this war by claiming that Mexican troops had illegally crossed into American territory, where they attacked and killed American soldiers. Hostilities had thus been forced on the United States by the shedding of "American blood upon the American soil." Led by Abraham Lincoln and supported by the transcendentalists writer Henry David Thoreau, Whigs opposed this war. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended this war. Under the terms of the treaty, the US gained California, New Mexico and recognition of the Rio Grande as the southern boundary of Texas. The Wilmot Proviso, which never became federal law, called for the prohibition of slavery in lands acquired from Mexico in this war.
Compromise of 1850
Stephen A. Douglas, Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and John C. Calhoun all played key roles in the negotiations that resulted in the compromise. Abraham Lincoln did not play a role in the negotiations that led to this compromise. The provision of this compromise included: (1) Admission of California as a free state (2) Abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia (3) Passage of a more stringent fugitive-slave act (4) Establishment of territorial governments in New Mexico, and Utah, without an immediate decision on the status of slavery (5) assumption of Texas' debt.
Senator Stephen A. Douglas was the leading proponent of this principle. The idea behind it was that the settlers of a given territory would have the sole right to decided whether or not slavery would be permitted there.
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
This act allowed government officials to arrest any person accused of being a runaway slave. All that was needed to take away someone's freedoms was word of a white person; northerners required to help capture runaways if requested. Suspects had no right to trial
Kansas Nebraska Act
The act proposed that the Territory of Nebraska would be divided into two territories-Kansas and Nebraska. Their status as slave or free states would be determined by popular sovereignty. Repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, thus heightened sectional tensions. Split the Democratic party. Sparked the formation of the Republican Party. Permitted the expansion of slavery beyond the Southern states. Led to a devise debate over the expansion of slavery into the territories. Ignited a bloody contest for control over Kansas.
Led by Abraham Lincoln, this political party accepted slavery where it existed but opposed the further extension of slavery into the territories. The Democratic Party split. Northern Democratic supported Stephan A. Douglas and popular sovereignty. Southern Democrats supported John C. Breckinridge, the extension of slavery into the territories, and the annexation of Cuba.
Refers to a series of violent fights between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in Kansas who had moved to Kansas to try to influence the decision of whether or not Kansas would a slave state or a free state.
He was a slave and thus could not sue in federal court. Under the Constitution, slaves were private property and thus could be taken into any territory and legally held there in slavery. Slaves could not be taken from their masters, regardless of a territory's "free" or "slave" status.
John Brown/ Harper's Ferry
John Brown and his followers went to Harper's Ferry in an effort to liberate southern slaves, backed by sponsoring North abolitionists, by arming them and trying to lead a revolt. Brown & remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines. Brown was hanged and South feared danger if it stayed in Union.
Election of 1860
Lincoln won the electoral vote but did not receive a majority of the popular vote. Led by South Carolina, seven Southern states seceded from the Union.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP U.S. History Chapter 13
AP US History Chapter 13
Unit 5 Mini Quiz #1
Chapter 13 Reading Quiz APUSH - Kime, APUSH Chapter 13
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Chapter 29, 30 and 31 quiz
Chapter 28 Quiz
Chapter 26 and 27 Quiz
Chapter 25 Quiz
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 16 and 17 Quiz
Chapter 17 and 18
Chapter 19 Quiz
Chapter 20 Quiz