Exam II

Fluid-filled stomach should always be visualized in the fetal left upper quadrant. If it is not seen during the course of an exam, one should suspect:
Duodenal atresia
Pyloric stenosis
Esophageal atresia
Jejunoileal obstruction
Ulcerativc colitis
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All of the following statements about alobar holoprosencephaly are true EXCEPT: It is compatible with life and carries a good prognosis It is associated with cleft defects of the face. It is associated with Trisomy 13. There is a large monoventricle with fused thalami. It is usually fatalIt is compatible with life and carries a good prognosisWhich of the following is or are TRUE about macrosomia? It frequently is associated with the diabetic patient. The fetal body is smaller than the abdomen. The fetal head and abdomen are enlarged. A and B A and CA and CA 22-year old gravid patient presents with Oligohydramnios. Which of the following would be LEAST likely? Anencephaly Post term pregnancy Renal agenesis Premature of rupture of membranesAnencephalyWhich of the following is not associated with holoprosencephaly? Failed development of the fetal forebrain Failure of the cranial vault to form correctly Proboscis Cyclopia Fused thalamiFailure of the cranial vault to form correctlyThe sonographic appearance of cleft palate isa coronal view through the maxilla showing absence of this bone below the noseAmniotic band syndrome isadhesions of torn amniotic membranes wrapped around fetal parts producing congenital amputationsDisorders which is/are most frequently associated with a meningomyelocele include Arnold Chiari malformation Polycystic kidneys Omphalocele a and cArnold Chiari malformationDangling or drooping choroid plexus is associated with: Porencephaly Hydrocephalus Holoprosencephaly Dandy-Walker malformation MacrosomiaHydrocephalusWhich of the following is the result of a defect in the cranium and herniation of cranial meninges through the defect? Encephalocele Daryocystoceles Cystic hygroma Holoprosencephaly AnencephalyEncephaloceleEncephaloceles are usually found in the: Occipital region Frontal regions Parietal regions A and B All of the aboveOccipital regionThe most common neural tube defect is: Spina bifida aperta Anencephaly Encephalocele Scoliosis Spina bifida occultaAnencephalyWhich of the following statements is NOT true of gastroschisis? There is a normal cord insertion It is covered by peritoneum It is associated with preterm delivery It is not associated with other anomalies Sometimes difficult to see using ultrasoundIt is covered by peritoneumOf the following anomalies involving abdominal wall defects, which is usually NOT compatible with life? Omphalocele Gastroschisis Bladder exstrophy Cloacal exstrophy Limb/body wall complexLimb/body wall complexHoloprosencephaly is classified into three categorieslobar, alobar, semilobarDescribe the limb-body-wall complexFailure of anterior abdominal wall to close Short umbilical cord, disruption of lateral body wall, distinctive scoliosis of the spine, limb defects, facial and cranial anomaliesWhat is a Dandy-walker malformation? Describe ultrasound findings in?agenesis or hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, cysitc dilatation of the fourth ventricle, enlargement of posterior fossaIn a fetus, what is a Cloacal malformation?Bladder and rectum haven't split yetDescribe of is vein of Galen Aneurysmmalformation is due to a cerebral arteriovenous fistula of the median prosencephalic vein (MPV( a precursor of the vein of GalenWhat is the difference between Spina bifida Occulta and Spina bifida Aperta?closed vs open