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(2005) AT: American History
Terms in this set (99)
The notorious incident of President Warren Harding's administration known as the Teapot Dome scandal involved corruption in the financing of what commodity?
What Native American tribe was forced on the journey now known as the Trail of Tears in 1838 and 1839?
What current US state was the endpoint of the infamous Trail of Tears?
What US president survived an assassination attempt by John Schrank in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1912?
Theodore Roosevelt (ask for first name if not given)
Democratic candidate James M. Cox and Socialist Party candidate Eugene V. Debs both lost a presidential election to what Republican candidate, who at the time held the office of US Senator from Ohio?
Democratic candidate Winfield Scott Hancock and Greenback Party candidate James B. Weaver both lost a presidential election to what Republican candidate, who at the time was a member of the House of Representatives from Ohio?
Besides Harding and Garfield, the only other sitting member of Congress to win a presidential election did so while representing Massachusetts in the US Senate. Identify this Democrat, who defeated a Republican candidate who at the time was the incumbent Vice-President of the United States.
John F. Kennedy
Russian-born engineer and manufacturer Igor Sikorsky is best remembered today for inventing and building the first successful version of what kind of vehicle in the 1930s?
From 1947 to 1969, the US Air Force ran an official investigation into whether they posed a threat to national security. By what common name are the subjects of Project Blue Book known?
Unidentified Flying Object(s) (accept UFO(s))
Who shot and killed the man who shot and killed the 35th President of the United States?
What one word fills in the two blanks in this quotation by Thomas Jefferson: "Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without <blank>, or <blank> without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter."
In what decade did the United States fight the Black Hawk War?
Identify the British major who was executed in October of 1780 after being caught conspiring with American traitor Benedict Arnold for the capture of West Point.
Identify the former army captain who led a group of poor farmers in an uprising in Massachusetts in 1786 over excessive land taxation after the American Revolution.
Daniel Shays (do NOT accept Shay)
Of Civil War generals Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, William S. Rosecrans, Ambrose E. Burnside, George A. Custer, and Philip H. Sheridan, which was neither born nor raised in Ohio?
Name both of the only two US presidents to be impeached by the Congress.
Andrew Johnson, Bill Clinton (ask for Johnson's first name if not given)
In 1794, a disgruntled group of grain farmers led an uprising in western Pennsylvania in protest over an excise tax placed on what product?
Whiskey (ask to be more specific if team says alcohol)
American entry into what armed conflict is associated with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
Named for its original pilot, this B-29 bomber dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. Name it.
Who wrote the following lines in a 1789 letter to Jean-Baptiste Leroy: "Our Constitution is in actual operation, everything appears to promise that it will last; but in this world nothing is certain but death and taxes."?
In 1894, Clarence Darrow first gained national attention by acting as the defense lawyer for what famous pacifist, labor leader, and socialist who had been thrown in jail for leading a strike of the American Railway Union?
Eugene V. Debs
In 1925, Darrow was the defense lawyer for biology teacher John Scopes. Who was the opposing counsel in that case, acting as prosecutor?
William Jennings Bryan (do not accept Bryant)
In 1924, Darrow defended two college students who had been charged with the motiveless killing of a schoolboy named Bobby Franks. Who were the two defendants?
Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb
With which US President is Princeton University most closely associated, since this President became a professor there in 1890, and was president of the university from 1902 to 1910?
Named for the mother of its pilot Paul Tibbets, what plane dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945?
By what name was the eight-thousand-pound atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima known?
What losing presidential candidate of the second half of the 20th-century was often referred to in advertising slogans, billboards, and other promotions as "AUH2O"?
To whom did Republican Senator Barry Goldwater lose the presidential election of 1964?
Lyndon Baines Johnson (ask for first name if not given)
An unincorporated community named Wounded Knee was the location of two infamous incidents between Native Americans and the US government. In what state is it located?
The first incident at Wounded Knee took place in December of 1890, when the US Army attempted to arrest what Sioux chief?
The second incident at Wounded Knee took place in 1973 and involved armed members of a radical group known by the acronym AIM. What was the full name of this group?
American Indian Movement
What US President once said the following with much delight in a meeting of his aides and cabinet members: "I've got three or four Rhodes scholars, four or five graduates of Harvard, a couple from Yale, and, why there's even one here tonight from Southwest Texas State Teachers College. And don't you know that one rules the roost."
Lyndon Johnson (prompt for first name if not given)
The President of the United States ordered federal troops to intervene and quell rioting in the notorious Pullman strike of 1894. What industry was targeted by this strike?
What President ordered US Army troops to intervene in the 1894 Pullman strike?
A Native American tribe based in what is now Mississippi, a Mississippi town that was the state's first capital, and a famous "Trace" that was a major road connecting Tennessee to the Southwest all share what name?
What governor of Massachusetts, who later went on to become president of the United States, said the following in 1919: "There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody, anywhere, anytime."?
Give both the first and last names of these famous Marshalls of American history. He was Army chief of staff during World War II and Secretary of State from 1947 to 1949, during which he initiated a program called The European Recovery Plan.
George C. Marshall
Give both the first and last names of these famous Marshalls of American history. He was the lawyer for the NAACP who presented the arguments that won the landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education. In 1967, he became the first African-American to serve on the Supreme Court.
Give both the first and last names of these famous Marshalls of American history. In 1856, he moved to Chicago and became a clerk in a dry goods firm. By 1881, he had renamed the company after himself and made it the largest wholesale and retail dry goods enterprise in the world. In 1893, he donated over one million dollars for the founding of a museum in Chicago which bears his name. Who was he?
Prior to (and during) their invention of the first practical airplane, Orville and Wilbur Wright owned and operated a repair shop for what kind of vehicle?
With which US President is the University of Virginia most closely associated, since this President founded the school in 1819, devised its curriculum, and designed most of its original buildings?
One of the incidents that led to the impeachment of Andrew Johnson was his firing of Secretary of War Edwin Stanton. Whom did Johnson attempt to put in Stanton's cabinet position as the new Secretary of War?
Ulysses S. Grant
What political party got its nickname because no one who was a member would talk about it?
Gabriel Prosser in 1800 and Denmark Vesey in 1822 both led uprisings of a smaller scale than Nat Turner did in 1831. All of three of these men led what type of rebellion?
One of the most violent labor strikes in American history was the Homestead strike of 1892. What industry was the focus of this strike?
In what state did the Homestead strike take place?
What US president survived an assassination attempt by John Hinckley, Jr., in March of 1981?
George Washington was the first military general to be elected President of the United States. Who was the second?
William Henry Harrison was the victorious general at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, giving him a nationwide reputation and a nickname. In that battle, he defeated a larger force of Native Americans that were predominantly members of what tribe?
Who was the first Ohio native to be elected President of the United States?
Governor John Connally of Texas was shot in the back and seriously wounded during the assassination of what US president?
John F. Kennedy
The shouting of the state motto of Virginia is most closely associated with the death of what US president?
In 1955, Martin Luther King, Jr. helped start a boycott of buses after the arrest of Rosa Parks in what city?
What president said the following in his second inaugural address: "With malice towards none, with charity for all, ... let us strive on to finish the work we are
The War Hawks was a name first given to a group of congressmen who advocated the opening of hostilities prior to the outbreak of what war?
War of 1812
Two-part answer required: "Black Tuesday," the day of the stock market crash that marks the beginning of the Great Depression, occurred in what month in what year?
In the early political career of Grover Cleveland, he spent two years as the mayor of what major city in the state of New York?
Launched in 1954, the USS Nautilus represented a major advancement in the technology of naval propulsion. This submarine was the first in history to have an engine powered by what method?
As people lost their jobs and their savings during the Great Depression, the ranks of the homeless swelled to large numbers. Many of the newly-homeless built shacks out of crates and cardboard and formed shantytowns, which they derisively named what, in honor of the man whom they blamed for their poverty?
n 1804, Vice President Aaron Burr failed to be re-nominated for that office and also failed to win the governorship of New York due to the influence and forceful opposition of whom?
From 1841 to 1853, four of the five men who held the office of President of the United States were members of what political party?
What Democrat was the only non-Whig between 1841 and 1853 to be President of the United States?
James K. Polk
What president was forced to flee Washington D.C. for several days due to the British capture of the city and burning of the White House in 1814?
The Boeing 707 was the first jet airplane to be used for commercial passenger flights. In what decade was it introduced?
From 1804 to 1867, while under control of a European country, and from 1884 to 1900 while an American territory, the town of Sitka was the capital of what US state?
Just as the sheet was being pulled over the face of President Lincoln after his death on Saturday morning, April 15th, 1865, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton uttered what famous six-word phrase?
"Now he belongs to the ages"
What US city hosted the 1893 World's Colombian Exposition, held to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in the New World? Organizers and local politicians bragged about the exposition so incessantly that the city gained the nickname "The Windy City."
Identify the American engineer who designed the main attraction of the 1893 World's Colombian Exposition, which was a 250-foot tall steel-framed wheel.
George W. Ferris
He led a confederacy of tribes against the British from 1763 to 1765, and personally led the siege of Detroit in 1763. A city in Michigan and a division of General Motors are both named after this chief of the Ottawa people. Who was he?
In the presidential election of 1884, Grover Cleveland received a boost when a supporter of James Blaine, his Republican opponent, said the Democrats were a party of "rum, Romanism, and rebellion." What group was being attacked with the term "Romanism"?
Who served as President of the United States through a majority of the 1920s?
William Howard Taft was President of the United States from 1909 to 1913. What was his job title from 1921 to 1930?
Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court (accept "Supreme Court judge")
The series of five legislative acts collectively known as the Compromise of 1850 authorized what state to join the Union as a free state?
The Compromise of 1850 was primarily the work of what Kentucky senator, nicknamed "The Great Pacificator"?
"In the councils of government, we must guard against the unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist." Who spoke these words in a speech in 1961?
The U.S.S. Constitution, one of the most famous vessels in the history of the U.S. Navy, is primarily known for its use during what war?
War of 1812
Who was the last President of the United States to be born in the 19th century?
From 1933 to 1945, through most of the Great Depression and World War II, what elective office was held by the colorful and fiery reformist politician Fiorello La Guardia?
Mayor of New York City
Herbert Hoover, Alf Landon, Wendell Willkie, and Thomas Dewey all lost a presidential election to what candidate?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (ask for first name if not given)
It had been known by various names, such as the Executive Mansion or the President's Palace, and its current name did not become official until 1901, when it was printed on the stationary of Theodore Rooseveit. What structure is it?
The White House
With what other country did the United States "fight" the Aroostook War, which ended bloodlessly, with no actual fighting taking place, in 1839?
The Aroostook War was fought over the final drawing of the border of what US
Ottawa, Freeport, Jonesboro, Charleston, Galesburg, Quincy, and Alton are the seven Illinois towns that played host to what events in the late summer and fall of 1858?
In the second Lincoln-Douglas debate, Stephen Douglas stated that the people of a territory could legally ban slavery prior to its admittance to the Union. This position cost him a great deal of support among southern Democrats in the 1860 election. By what name was this principle known?
She was involved in a 2004 lawsuit against rapper OutKast for using her name as a song title. Name this woman who, at age 91, is still considered the "mother of the civil rights movement" for beginning an Alabama bus boycott in 1955.
In 1960, four students at North Carolina A&T took part in the civil rights movement by staging a sit-in at a Woolworth's lunch counter in--what city?
In 1966, Edward Brooke became America's first elected black Senator, representing--what historically-liberal Eastern state?
Kansas became a state and Colorado and Nevada became territories in--what year that also saw the beginning of the Civil War at Fort Sumter?
The Timothy Sullivan photograph Harvest of Death pictured the dead Confederate soldiers from--what July 4, 1863 battle in southern Pennsylvania?
He allowed Confederate general John Bell Hood to leave the city of Atlanta without fighting his army. What Union general is famous for his 1864 march across the state of Georgia?
William Tecumseh Sherman
What small Caribbean island nation did Ronald Reagan invade in 1983?
Through much of the 1980's, the U.S. gave aid (both legal and illegal) to the "contras" who were fighting Communism in--what Central American country?
In 1989, what dictator was removed by Operation Just Cause as the leader of Panama?
He led a rebellion against the British before he was murdered in 1769. Name this Ottawa Indian chief who shares his name with the home city of football's former Silverdome.
n October 1877, it surrendered to a federal army under Nelson Miles. Name this Indian tribe led by Chief Joseph.
Nez Perce [nez pur-SAY]
An eastern Colorado county is named for him, partly because he mov the so-called "long walk" of the Navajo in 1864. Name this scout who became nationally famous by guiding John C. Fremont through the western United States.
Christopher "Kit" Carson
After losing the 1962 race for governor of California, he told the press, "You won't have [me] to kick around any more." Name this politician who, 6 years later, was elected President and, 6 years after that, resigned that office.
What U.S. President is most likely to be honored by a high school whose nickname is the Roughriders?
Teddy Roosevelt (first name needed)
The state of Virginia is known as the "Mother of Presidents" even though a President hasn't been born there since-- what Chief Executive who was succeeded by Warren G. Harding in 1921?
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