Medieval Period 1-33
Terms in this set (33)
What is significant about October 14, 1066?
It is the date that the Battle of Hastings occurred.
Why is 1485 considered the end of the Medieval period in England?
It is the end of the War of the Roses and the rise of the Henry Tudors.
Who was the last Anglo-Saxon king?
What was one of William's great administrative accomplishments? What was its purpose? Why was it significant?
The Domesday Book. To inventory nearly every piece of property in England. For the first time, people could be taxed based on what they own.
What language did the Normans bring to England?
What system of social structure came from the Normans?
On what is the concept of feudalism based?
A religious concept of hierarchy
Who stood at the top of the power pyramid?
What determined the social standing of a woman?
Her husband's or father's social standing
Why did women have no political rights?
They were not soldiers
What is chivalry? List the characteristic of chivalry.
A system of ideals and social codes governing the behavior of knights and gentlewomen.
Adhering to one's oath of loyalty to the overlord.
Observing certain rules of warfare.
Adoring a particular lady.
What is courtly love? What is its purpose?
Nonsexual, platonic. To encourage the knight to be the best he can be.
What new form of literature developed as a result of chivalry?
What development helped to end feudalism?
Towns and cities, city classes
Why is much medieval art not aristocratic in the medieval period?
The emerging merchant (middle) class was able to pay for art they wanted.
What were the Crusades? Who called for the first crusade and in what year?
A series of wars waged by European christians against the Muslim, with Jerusalem and the Holy Land as the prize. Pope Urban II in 1092.
Where were Chaucer's pilgrims going?
During the Medieval period, all Christians belong to what church?
The Catholic Church
Whom did King Henry II appoint as head of the church in England? What was his title?
Archbishop Thomas á Becket
What happened to Thomas á Becket?
He was murdered while at prayers
What event reduced the power of the monarchy? Which king was involved?
The signing of the Magna Carta. King John.
What became the basis for English constitutional law?
The Magna Carta
What was the first national war? Which countries were involved? Why was it fought?
The Hundred Years' War. England and France. Dubious claims to the throne of France were said by two English kings. (Edward III and Henry V)
In the Hundred Years' War, the knight gave way to what type of person or warrior? What was his weapon?
The Bowman or Yeoman. The longbow.
What three things contributed to the demise of chivalry?
The plague, the development of monetary wages, and gunpowder
What weapon made the castle vulnerable to attack?
What disease cur the population of England by a third?
The Bubonic Plague. (Black Death)
What was the effect of the Black Death on the social and economic systems of England?
It gave lower classes more leverage against their overlords.
What three languages were used in England during this time? Where was each language used?
English, French, and Latin. English- Ordinary people. Latin, French- Literature, Science, Diplomacy, and Religion.
Who were considered to be the two greatest English poets of the Medieval period?
Chaucer and Boccaccio
Who compiled the stories of Arthur into one collection? What was the name of this collection?
Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d'Arthur
List the kings of the Medieval period in chronological order.
William the Conqueror
Richard I (The Lion-Hearted)
John (Magna Carta)
Henry III (Great Council of Barons)
Edward I (Free men to be part of parliament)
Edward IV (York)
Edward V (Dies in Tower of London)
Richard of Glouster (Defeated by Henry Tudor)
Henry Tudor (Supports Lancasters, becomes Henry VII)
Who brought the printing press to England? What was the first work published in England?
William Caxton. The Recuyell.