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Terms in this set (46)
Acute sprains & strains are common in?
Ms involved with acute sprains & strains?
Mechanism of injury for acute sprains & strains?
Ms stretching & or ms contraction
Acute sprains & strains have increased pain with?
C/S @ rest & with movement
May radiate into UE - 1 or both UE
Acute sprains & strains have pain with?
Acute sprains & strains may have _______ lordosis due to ms spasms
Acute sprains & strains may have excessive extension in ___________ cervical?
What do you want to avoid in the subacute/proliferative stage of acute sprains & strains?
Deep neck flexors
Acute sprains & strains:
In the subacute/proliferative stage begin chin tucks & strengthening of _________ _________ _________ as tol?
Cervical HNP most common level ________ with nn root involvement of C6?
Not as common
True or false?
Cervical HNP is more common > L/S
Positive cervical compression
What test can determine cervical HNP?
Forward head, round shoulders
Cervical HNP posture?
Increasing radicular pain into scapula & UE
Cervical HNP has a gradual worsening of pn with?
AM stiffness that gets better during the day
When does Cervical HNP have stiffness?
What phase will PT determine if should be flex or ext bias?
What phase includes stretching?
Gradual onset & chronic
What kind of onset is cervical spondylosis?
40's & 50's
M > W
Cervical spondylosis is usually seen in?
C5-6 & C6-7
Cervical spondylosis is usually at?
Impact loading & repetitive microtrauma
Cervical spondylosis is due to?
DJD or OA
Another name for cervical spondylosis?
May have spinal cord compression
More global weakness- gait disturbances
Bowel & bladder disturbances
NN root compression symptoms
S/S of cervical spondylosis?
Ataxic, unsteady gt
What kind of gt can cervical spondylosis have?
HNP, DJD, DDD, Stenosis
NN root compression (either lumbar/cervical) can be caused by?
NN root compression (either lumbar/cervical)
Who will have true neurological signs (deficits in strength, sensation, DTRs)?
Sharp, shooting, lancinating pain (ALOT of burning)
With or without paresthesia
Symptoms patchy throughout dermatome
Acute nn root compression S&S?
What increases pain with acute nn root compression?
Ache & gradually gotten worse & spread distally
S&S of acute nn root compression may have begun with an?
Pain in dermaormal areas-distal may not be as dominant as proximal
Chronic nn root compression (either lumbar/cervical)
Chronic nn root compression
Which nn root compression is not as severe, ache, intermittent?
Gradual insidious onset
May be left over from acute nn root compression
What kind of onset is chronic nn root compression?
Movements are NOT limited or painful
True or false:
Movements are limited & painful with chronic nn root compression?
May be minor neurological signs
What brings on pain in chronic nn root compression?
Flexion bias exer
Posture edu/body mechanics
Functional activities to avoid irritation of nn
Intervention for chronic nn root compression?
Thoracic outlet syndrome
Compression or stretching of subclavian artery, subclavain vein, and or brachial plexus
Hypertrophied anterior scalene
Malunion of clavicle or subluxed 1st rib
Thoracic outlet syndrome is compression caused by?
Adson's & Allen's test
What 2 test determine thoracic outlet syndrome?
Thoracic outlet syndrome posture?
Pectoralis major & minor
Cervical occipital muscles
What ms need stretching in thoracic outlet syndrome?
C/S deep neck flexors
What ms need strengthening in thoracic outlet syndrome?
T/S mobilization (PT)
Neural tension techniques
Intervention for thoracic outlet syndrome?
3 types of compression in thoracic outlet syndrome?
Arterial compression (TO)
Pain & fatigue during activity that goes away with rest
May be cold & or cyanotic extremity
BP may be different between sides
Venous compression (TO)
Edema or venous distention after activity
Pain & ftg
Nerve compression (TO)
N&T (ULNAR > Median N)
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