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Introduction to International Relations Important Concepts

Terms in this set (26)

Cold War:
- National security was concerned primarily with material war/war between states
- In terms of quantifiable military might
- Sovereignty and physical security was most important

Post-Cold War:
- Human Security: right of all people to live in freedom, in dignity and free from poverty and despair

Realist Perspective:
- Security dilemma: lack of trust leads to arms races
=> US vs USSR: the prosperity of one was interpreted as insecurity in the other and vice versa
- Cheating: cooperation is hindered due to constant fear that other state will cheat to gain an advantage
- Relative gains: states more concerned with status than other states in the int'l system

Feminist IR Theory:
- Challenges central role of state bc its a source of security and insecurity
- Women affected differently than men
- Masculinization of security and war
- Language and representation

Liberal Institutionalists:
- International institutions promote cooperation
- Investments: evidence states believe they benefit from the international system
- (ex
- Security communities work
- Democratic peace thesis
- Alliances increase likelihood of inter-state war
- Absence of cooperation leads to misinterpretation and unnecessary conflict

Constructivist Perspective:
- Fundamental structures of the international system are social rather than material
- Shared social knowledge, norms, practices AND material resources shape security relationships
- security dilemma is a social structure composed of intersubjective judgements about how secure people feel
- Security community is a different social structure: shared knowledge can resolve things without war

Marxist Take:
- capitalism remains the source of much of the world's security problems
- a consequence of globalisation?
- global inequalities lead to developing states having less security than developed states
- who owns the means of production when it comes to war?