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Terms in this set (21)
What is the most common type of sample?
The random urine specimen
What is random urine specimen?
A single urine specimen taken at any time of the day and collected in a clean, dry container
A urine specimen collected over a 24- hour period and is used to complete a quantitative and qualitative analysis of one or more substances, such as sodium, chloride, and calcium is a?
24 hr urine specimen
Catheterization is the procedure during which the catheter is inserted, and it is performed for various reasons including:
Relieve urinary retention
What are the two types of urinary catheters?
Splinting and drainage catheters
What is a splinting catheter?
Catheters inserted after plastic repair of the ureter and must remain in place for at least a week after surgery.
______________ Catheters are used to withdraw fluids
What is a type of drainage catheter?
Straight catheter to collect specimens or instill medication
What is the chain of custody?
The tracking of legal samples like urine specimen for drug and alcohol analysis. These are considered legal specimens because they can be used in a court of law.
A chain of _________ must be established to document the handling of this specimen.
Normal urine color ranges from what colors?
Pale yellow to yellow
What type of urine testing is used to detect polycystic kidney disease?
In the presence of a UTI what does the urine smell like?
Urine is foul- smelling
Patients with uncontrolled diabetes have urine with the smell characterized as?
Urine _________ ________ is a measure of the concentration or amount of substances dissolved in urine.
The measure of the urines degree of acidity or alkalinity
Presence of the bile pigment bilirubin in the urine _________________ is one of the first signs of liver disease or conditions that involve the liver.
______________ is common in patients with diabetes
Although a small amount of urine is excreted in the urine every day, an excess of protein in the urine (________________) usually indicates renal disease.
Patients must collect stool specimens properly so that they are not contaminated with what?
With urine or water from the toilet, both of which can lead to inaccurate results
When urine is collected, where should it be kept?
In the refrigerator or a cooler when not in use and it must be covered
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