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ABA Final - CH 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, & 12. And PBIS stuff.
Terms in this set (64)
This is said to exist when there is a change in the dependent variable upon implementation of the independent variable and the change is replicated.
Eli is a student in Mr. Hill's ninth grade English class. Eli constantly is talking out in class. Mr. Hill wants to decrease Eli's talking out behavior. Eli's talking out behavior is the _________________.
Mr. Hill decides to implement a token economy to assist Eli in reducing his talking out behavior. The token economy strategy is the _________________.
Stakeholders in a local school district wanted to examine the effects of a new intervention on the overall reading scores of second grade students in their district. Which type of research should the district use?
- Group Research
- Single-Subject Research
- Experimental Research
- NOT THIS ONE - Action Research
Single subject designs require repeated measures of the __________________.
Ms. Gibson wanted to modify Kia's offtask behavior. She decided to implement a self monitoring strategy to reduce Kia's off-task behavior. Before implementing the strategy, Ms. Gibson collected frequency data on Kia's off-task behavior. What type of data was Ms. Gibson collecting?
Which of the following single- subject designs is an example of teaching designs?
Which of the following design consists of tow baseline phases and two intervention phases across one individual's behavior?
The reversal design should not be used with ____________ behaviors.
aggressive or self-injurious
A change criterion design is recommended for use with all the following behaviors except
behaviors that are aggressive or self-injurious
Mrs. Hughes wanted to examine the effects of check-in/check-out (CICO) on task completion for Johnny, Ilias, and Lucy. Which of the following single-subject designs should she implement?
Multiple Baseline Design
Which of the following is NOT a variation of the multiple baseline design?
Multiple baseline across themes
Which of the following designs allow for the comparison of the effects of more than one independent variable on one dependent variable within the same phase?
Alternating Treatment Design
Which if the following designs allows for the comparison of the effects of more than one independent variable on one dependent variable sequentially?
- Changing Conditions Design
- Multiple Baseline Design
- NOT THIS ONE - Reversal Design
- Alternating Treatment Design
This type of research is used to evaluate and reflect upon current practices. It is considered a
A functional relation can be established with all of the following designs except:
In order for an activity to be considered a reinforcer, the behavior must _______ contingent upon the delivery of the activity
Reinforcers that have a biological importance are known as ____
Steve is a student with a profound intellectual disability. His favorite item is a brush. Steve likes to run his hand across the bristles of the brush. For Steve, the brush counts as which type of reinforcer?
Which of the following type of reinforcer is known as a conditioned reinforcer because it is not naturally reinforcing but gains reinforcing features through a process known as pairing?
Josiah's teacher told Josiah that when he finished his math worksheet he could have some free time on the computer. What is the concept that Josiah's teacher is using in this example?
Money is an example of a ____
When using social reinforcers, such as praise, all of the following are qualities of praise that should be used except:
Praise should be general
The process of placing the contingency for reinforcement into a written document is ____
Mrs. Taylor's class is working on spelling 10 new words a week. Each member of the class that correctly spells 9 out of 10 words earns 10 minutes of leisure at the end of the day on Friday. What type of group contingency system is Mrs. Taylor implementing?
Independent group contingency
Which of the following is an example of a reinforcement based strategy for behavior reduction?
Differential reinforcement of Alternative Behavior
Mr. Lucas has recorded the number of times that Jacob is out of his seat during science
class. He recorded each time Jacob was out of his seat across 5 days. Jacob was out of
his seat a minimum of 15 times for each science class. Mr. Lucas decided to reinforce
Jacob each class that he was out of his seat less than five times per science class.
Which behavior reduction strategy was Mr. Lucas implementing?
Differential reinforcement of lower rates of behavior (DRL)
Which of the following type of reinforcement based behavior reduction strategy reinforces a replacement behavior?
Differential reinforcement of Alternative Behavior
Monty is a preschool student in Mrs. Hughes class. Monty screams most of the morning
each day. Mrs. Hughes decided to reinforce Monty when he is not screaming in class but
talking in a soft voice. Which of the following reinforcementbased
strategies is Mrs. Hughes implementing?
Differential reinforcement of incompatible behaviors
When using DRA and teaching a replacement behavior the replacement behavior should serve a different function.
Non-contingent Reinforcement does not systematically strengthen another behavior.
Mr. Williams previously reinforced Oscar's talking out behavior by providing teacher attention each time Oscar talked out in class. Mr. Williams decided to withhold the reinforcer by no longer providing teacher attention when Oscar talked out in class. Which behavior reduction strategy is Mr. Williams implementing?
Which of the following term is sometimes used to describe the same phenomenon as stimulus generalization?
Transfer of training
Which of the following terms is NOT used to describe the same phenomenon as maintenance?
Concomitant behavior change
Which of the following is an example of stimulus overgeneralization?
Devin has been learning colors at preschool. His dad asks him what color his mom's pink scarf is and Devin answers, "Red!"
Which of the following is NOT likely to facilitate generalization?
Preventing a student from practicing a new skill under different circumstances until the skill has been shown to be performed perfectly under the exact training conditions for an extended period time.
Which of the following is generally true of generalization?
Spontaneous generalization does sometimes occur but should not be expected.
The teacher who sets up a classroom store simulating a market so that students can practice shopping is using which approach to generalization.
Program Common Stimuli
Self-recording is most likely to be effective ...
in maintaining changes resulting from traditional, teacher managed strategies
An important advantage to teaching students to evaluation their own academic performance is ...
the immediacy of the subsequent feedback.
A critical factor in the effectiveness of any self-instruction procedures in providing the ability for independent performance of a task is...
the ability of the student to perform the task in question.
Self management strategies may be useful in teaching...
students at all levels of functioning and at all ages.
The axis that displays the frequency with which the data were collected is the ...
2. Phases of an intervention in which different techniques are used.
3. The current level of behavior under natural conditions without intervening to is known as ...
4. If the ordinate label reads numbers of minutes to complete the science task, what type of data are being collected?
5. When a teacher is concerned with both accuracy and speed, the data should be reported as....
6. The solid line that connects data points is called the......
7. All the following types of data can be reported as a measure of time except...
8. A dashed vertical line in a simple line graph indicates
- a data path
- NOT THIS ONE - a break in the data
- addition of a student
- a change in conditions
9. On a bar graph each bar represents
one observation period
The purpose of PBIS is to create a statewide policy that applies to all school districts regarding the use of positive behavior intervention and supports.
Which is not a Key Attribute of PBIS?
Staff Team Building
There are 7 essential requirements of PBIS.
Community Connection, Clear Expectations, Comprehensive Instruction, Supportive Structure, and ____________ are requirements for PBIS to be successful in a school.
The Language of PBIS comes directly from the Americans with Disabilities Act.
What is one of the 4 Goals of PBIS?
All the above
PBIS creates structure to the environment using a non-aversive effective behavior system.
PBIS framework or approach applies to some students, all staff, and all settings.
Teachers are trained to identify the conditions of behaviors for all the following except...
How long does it take a school to typically implement PBIS?
3 months to a year
Preventative assessment should include interviews with parents, family members and students.
With the implementation of PBIS, the hope is to improve social-emotional competence and have a reduction in bullying behaviors.
PBIS is based off the principles of applied behavior analysis and the prevention approach and valued of positive behavior support.
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