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Catholic Intellectual & Cultural Tradition Slides 17 - 40
Terms in this set (48)
What did the Church rely on at a time when literacy wasn't universal to teach people the faith?
What was a large portion of the art from the period 800-1300?
What can be thought of as theology lessons in stone, glass, and paint?
Church buildings, especially great cathedrals
How was Romanesque Architecture built?
In a similar style to Roman basilicas
What made Romanesque churches different from Roman basilicas?
Churches included rounded stone vaults rather than flat roofs
How was Romanesque architecture designed?
Cruciform, roof support from thick walls and round arches, small windows letting in light
What is cruciform?
Cross shaped floor plan, long nave with a perpendicular transept
What did the heavy structure and thick walls of Romanesque structures promote? (Massiveness)
Gods might and permanence
What is a large semicircular or polygonal recess in a church, arched or with a domed roof, typically at the eastern end, and usually containing the altar?
What is the part of a church near the altar, reserved for the clergy and choir, and typically separated from the nave by steps or a screen?
What is either of the two parts forming the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave?
What is the central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation?
What type of architecture included ribbed vaulting, pointed arches, and flying buttresses?
What were some of the benefits of Gothic style architecture?
Taller/more open spaces and walls could be thinner and have large windows because they did not support as much of the roof's weight
Which centuries saw great developments in the natural science?
16th and 17th
What did scientific discoveries begin to show the effectiveness of?
How did scientific discoveries show that scientific knowledge could be useful in everyday life?
Prior to this, science was seen as disconnected from every day life and is very abstract and impractical, new discoveries seemed like they could change the world for the better
What did the promises of science lead to?
An over emphasis on science, or scientism
What dismissed anything that did not fall under the umbrella of scientific explanation as a relevant, superstitious, or just foolish?
What could not be considered true for thinkers of the enlightenment?
Anything that could not be proven by science
What does cogito ergo sum mean?
I think therefore I am
What mathematician viewed mathematics as the epitome of rational thought?
Who is discourse on method advance the principle of "systematic doubt"?
Who believed that only the awareness of one's own existence was certain?
Who questioned the possibility of achieving knowledge with absolute certainty, like in a mathematical proof?
Who promoted the idea that only reason was the true and reliable method of knowledge, like Rene Descartes?
Sir Francis Bacon
Who had the perspective called empiricism?
Sir Francis Bacon
What is the idea that knowledge must Proceed from specific observations and a collection of bass qualities of empirical data would allow the observer to derive general principles?
Whose method showed how scientific knowledge can produce many practical advances that improved the quality of life?
Sir Francis Bacon
What is the scientific method?
Applying the principle of experimentation to produce verifiable conclusions
Who contributed to the development of the scientific method?
Sir Francis Bacon
What is the belief that science is all the real knowledge there is?
How did Rene Descartes and Sir Francis Bacon place a wedge between faith and reason?
By dismissing the validity of an understanding that was not based on empirical/provable data
What has been the dominant worldview of western culture since the late 20th century?
What is the geocentric model also called?
Ptolemaic model, earth centered universe
What is the Copernican model also called?
Heliocentric, sun centered universe
Who was a Polish clergyman and astronomer who published On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies?
Who performed a mathematical analysis that demonstrated the incorrectness of the geocentric model?
Who are you the toys in the sun at the center of the universe made it easier to calculate planetary motion than by using the geocentric model?
What Italian mathematician and astronomer was among the first to use a telescope to study the Heavens?
Who's discoveries came at a time when the church was facing criticism from protestants for advocating human reason and neglecting sacred scripture?
Who had some observations that contradicted the prevailing interpretations of Scripture that led to his theories being condemned?
Who still had the support of the Pope for his studies, despite condemnation from the Church
Who published Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World?
What publication ridiculed the geocentric position and those who held it?
Dialogue on the Two Chief Systems of the World
Who asked Galileo to present his findings as a theory, however he refused and insisted they be taken as fact?
Who was placed under house arrest, but allowed to continue his work and research?
Was Galileo Galilei ever imprisoned or tortured?
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