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Exam #5, INTELL
Terms in this set (28)
Recall the definition of creative genius.
People who have been recognized by expert opinion as having contributed something of original value, to the culture.
What did Galton consider the three key ingredients for genius?
Capacity, Zeal, and Tendency to work hard
According to our definition of genius (Ochse, 1990), a member of MENSA (a group based on a minimum IQ score of 132) would be considered ...
High in IQ
According to Diamond, what motivations have produced the most inventions?
An unmet need within a society, producing a greater goal in invention.
Whar are the two predictions to a creative genius and their home lives?
1. Intellectual Stimulation in the Home. (including independent intellectual stimulation)
2. Lack of support, emotionally (deprivation and/or traumatic experiences)
In the group of 400 eminent historical figures,
75% had been troubled
50% had financial ups and downs
25% had physical handicaps
What are a few examples of creative geniuses that had troubled home lives?
John Ruskin, Over-protective mother
Alfred Nobel, Financially burdened and on the verge of being violent, also worked 15 hour days.
Famous Poet Lord Byron, estranged by mother, because of physical disability.
Among 400 eminent people from the 20th century ...
85% from markedly troubled homes
89% of novelists and playwrighters
83% of poets studied
70% of artists, and
56% of the studied scientists.
A disproportionate number of creators and eminent politicians were
bereaved of atleast one parent in childhood.
Parental bereavement is more than 3X as high among
historical figures than in the 20th century populations.
What are the two subgroups, of the same amount of childhood bereavement?
Delinquents and Suicidal Depressives
Many creative achievers were ...
isolated from other children.
Many geniuses were
strictly, sternly, unfairly, or even cruelly disciplined.
In the Cox's study of historical geniuses,
The extraordinary genius who achieves the highest eminence is also the
gifted individual that intelligence tests discover in childhood.
Give three examples of inventions born of necessity (Diamond 1997)
Persons who score high in intelligence are
not necessarily creative. However, IQ did not differentiate between high and exceptionally high levels of creative achievement.
Thus, intelligence is
necessary, but not sufficient for a genius.
Research on contemporary achievers show that ...
Creative subjects tend to be above average in intelligence. The correlation of this is only 0.40
At a basic level, intelligence does not vary with creative ability. Above 120,
the correlation is negligible.
Roe concluded that dedication to work is not sufficient to account for success, but is a
sine qua non. ("without which, not" -> something that is absolutely necessary)
The most salient and most consistent characteristic of creative achievers is
persistent enthusiastic devotion to work.
What is Simonton's definition of talent?
Any innate capacity that enables an individual to display exceptionally high performance in a doman that requires special skills and training.
An individual difference variable is emergenic when it consists of multiple genetic components, ALL of which must be inherited for the main character to appear.
How does CREATIVITY PROVOKE MOOD DISORDERS?
Intense Emotions, Stress (Financial, Competition, Public Recognition), Sleep Disrution, Substance Use/Abuse, and Goal Pursuit.
How do MOOD DISORDER ENHANCE CREATIVITY?
Openness to Experience, Sensitivity and Insensitivity
What is Sin Qua Non?
Determination to work is not sufficient to be considered a creative genius, however, it is necessary. "Without which it could not be"
Do creative individuals score higher on mood disorders than individuals that are not creative?
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