10 terms

Sedimentary Rock Vocabulary

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sedimentary rock
rock formed from cooled magma or lava, rock formed when layers of sediments were pressed and cemented together
sediments
the look and feel of a rock's surface, small particels of rock soil sand or shell depostited by water wind or ice
lithification
rocks that form from magma below the surface, The process that converts sediments into solid rock by compaction or cementation.
cementation
fine-grained igneous rock that forms when magma cools quickly at or near Earth's surface, the chemical and physical processes that break down rock at Earth's surface, The process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass
compaction
the process by which sediments are pressed together under their own weight
weathering
process that breaks down rock into smaller pieces
organic rock
a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another, sedimentary rock that forms from the remains of plants or animals
clastic rock
Sedimentary rock that forms when fragments of preexisting rocks are compacted or cemented together.
chemical rocks
sedimentary rocks that form when minerals precipitate out of solution
rock cycle
a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another